Equine Welfare Network Guardian
AWARDED ANNUALLY
Effective Date
April 09, 2020


The Shane Center for Therapeutic Horsemanship, Inc
7908 Myers Road
CENTERBURG, OH 43011
Phone: 740-625-9324

EIN: 31-1389943
Founded: 1993
Last Updated 2020-04-09

View our WEBSITE

The Shane Center for Therapeutic Horsemanship, Inc
EQUINE WELFARE NETWORK GUARDIAN PROFILE
Effective Date: April 09, 2020 Last Updated: April 09, 2020

We are proud to be an EQUUS Foundation Guardian and share our horse care & use practices with the public.

MISSION & PROGRAMS

Mission:
The Shane Center is a non-profit organization whose mission is to improve the quality of life for people with disabilities through innovative equestrian activities.

Our organization conducts Equine Assisted Services which are in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS).
Our organization provides community outreach and/or public education programs involving horses.
Our organization is directly responsible for the care and shelter of equines involved in our programs.
100% of our total programs and services are horse-related.
Number of facilities/locations where horses used in our programs are HOUSED AND CARED FOR or were HOUSED AND CARED FOR during 2020: 1
     1. Willow Farm
Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to foster, overflow and/or satellite facilities: Not Applicable. Our organization does not use foster, overflow and/or satellite facilities

Summary of organization's goals, strategies to achieve the goals, accomplishments, and capabilities to meet the goals, including its long-term plans to sustain its programs:
The Shane Center’s vision is to provide sustainable, exceptional equine programs that remain responsive to community needs, which are collaborative with community partners, and progressive in standards and effectiveness. Situated on 40 acres, The Shane Center has great potential for providing a relaxing, quiet venue for participants and their families to enjoy away from the hustle and bustle of the city. Our programs go beyond riding as we teach all of our students the basics of horse care with an emphasis on safety and handling the horse on the ground. Instructors work with participants one-on-one to establish short and long term goals that ensure the rider receives a fulfilling experience tailored to his or her needs. Individualized curriculum is developed to complement the lesson and focuses on building critical skills unique to each rider.
     
     Currently, The Shane Center has three Path International Certified instructors, and collectively, bring over 56 years of experience. The Shane Center has mentored dozens of individuals who have gone on to become certified and are teaching in other facilities throughout Ohio. We have one student teacher now at The Shane Center who will ultimately become an additional certified instructor at our facility. The addition of certified instructors will allow us to increase the number of individuals we can serve, in response to the needs of our community.
     
     The Shane Center believes in offering the highest quality, progressive programs. We are always trying to make our best even better. We are never satisfied with the status quo. This type of community investment requires strong stewardship. This is why we have chosen to go through a stringent peer review process and in 2014, we obtained the highest status in our field of a "Premier Accredited Center" through PATH, International. Our program policies ensure that the center is operating as an efficient and effective steward of its resources. We require all of our instructors to be professionally certified, which includes continuing education. All of our staff and volunteers must complete a fingerprint background check. We spend the necessary time recruiting and training our volunteers so they take “ownership” of the center. This is why our board members are “hands on”. They volunteer in the arena, at fundraising events, and by cultivating potential donors. Our center is proud to invest in a positive and progressive horse training program. The Shane Center provides as natural a setting as possible to keep the living environment for the horses stress free and conducive for their physical and mental well-being. Such an environment makes for safer, happier, healthier partners (our equines) ready to interact with our precious participants.
     
     In 2019, The Shane Center served nearly 70 families and provided more than 1,200 hours of service to our participants. Providing a safe, beautiful venue to share our passion for horses and riding is something we have been doing for nearly 30 years. Growing our annual fundraising event, and extending our networking for contributions and donations will help enable the center to have a solid financial foundation well into the future. In 2016, The Shane Center was given a donation to establish an organization investment fund with the Knox County Foundation. The center is also researching ways to collaborate with other programs offering similar services so that by utilizing each others strengths and weaknesses we can work together to make a difference in the lives of people who are often marginalized by society.

Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
Our organization provides the following equine assisted services (EAS):
    Therapeutic Mounted Services
    Therapeutic Unmounted Services
Not Checked:
    Therapeutic Driving Services
    Therapeutic Vaulting Services
    Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)
    Equine-Assisted Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy/Speech-Language Pathology
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Academic Learning
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Personal and/or Professional Development


Overview of our programs involved with providing EAS to individuals with special needs:
     Our programs go beyond riding as we teach all of our students the basics of horse care with an emphasis on safety and handling the horse on the ground. Instructors work with participants to establish short and long term goals that ensure the rider receives a fulfilling experience tailored to his or her needs. Individualized curriculum is developed to complement the lesson and focuses on building critical skills unique to each rider.
     
     •Therapeutic Riding—Our flagship program uses the medically-acknowledged benefits of riding a horse and provides a fun approach to improving the physical, emotional, and cognitive well-being of our participants. This is no PONY RIDE! Riding a horse helps take our clients beyond the confines of their disabilities. Students use their abilities to learn the actual skills involved in riding a horse.
     
     •Horsin’ Around— Designed for independent riders with special needs, as well as typical beginner and intermediate youth and adults. Lessons focus on learning natural horsemanship methods both on the ground and in the saddle. Classes emphasize learning to ride and focus on enabling students to be well rounded equestrians.
     
     •Shane’s Cavalry—This program serves our disabled veterans. Program offerings currently include therapeutic riding and horsin’ around.
     
     The Shane Center serves individuals who have a variety of disabilities including: PTSD; anxiety; depression; cerebral palsy; Down syndrome; spina bifida; autism spectrum disorders; developmental delays; learning disabilities; attention deficit disorders; as well as other cognitive and physical disabilities. Participants range in age from 4 to adult and come from all over Central Ohio including Knox, Franklin, Licking, Delaware, and Morrow Counties.

At a time when equestrian sports are under pressure to protect horses while making those sports more accessible, so too must all equine organizations ensure that horses are treated humanely when interacting with people with and without special needs. Our organization takes the following steps to ensure that horses are benefiting from their interactions with people:
     The Shane Center has been a Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship, International (PATH) Premier Accredited Center (PAC) since 2014. PATH has been a global authority, resource, and advocate for equine assisted activities and therapies since 1969. Their mission is to promote safety and optimal outcomes in equine-assisted activities and therapies for individuals with special needs. Only those centers that adhere to the strict PATH guidelines can be accredited, and The Shane Center passed with a score of 100%. These standards specifically address equine welfare and management and include Equine Weight-bearing and Workload policies, evaluation of prospective equines, equine training and conditioning, removal of equines from service, workload limits, all aspects of equine health care, feeding, and housing standards. In addition, there are core administrative and facility standards, activity standards, and service standards that are adhered to. We feel that being a PATH PAC, ensures that our equines are benefiting from their interaction with our clients.


Community Outreach and/or Public Education:

Overview of our programs involved with providing community outreach and/or public education programs involving horses:
     The Shane center provides community outreach and public education through its trainings, community service opportunities, and local events. The center has provided equine training for its local fire department. These trainings educate firefighters about horse psychology, horse handling skills, and safety techniques in the event of an emergency.
     
     Through the Knox County juvenile court system, The Shane Center offers community service hours for teens who are on probation. This volunteer program, not only benefits the center but gives the teens a real sense of giving back to the community and often exposes them to our most venerable members of society for the first time.
     
     In addition, the center provides information about its services at local service fairs to recruit volunteers and riders. These events give the community more information about The Shane Center and its programs.


EQUINE ASSISTED SERVICES CENSUS


Willow Farm

Equine Assisted Services (EAS)
         
2020 EAS Operations Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Horses/Equines participating in EAS programs at this facility        
Number of horses/equines aged 3-8 0 0 0 0
Number of horses/equines aged 9-14 0 0 0 0
Number of horses/equines aged 15-20 0 0 0 0
Number of horses/equines Over 20 0 0 0 0
Total number of horses/equines participating in EAS programs at this facility 0 0 0 0
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of hours per day each horse works 0 0  
Number of days per week each horse works 0 0  
         
Clients participating in EAS programs at this facility Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Total number of individual clients (not lessons) served annually
Average number of clients (not lessons) participating in activities per week
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of days per week programs are conducted at this facility 0 0  
Number of weeks per year programs are conducted at this facility 0 0  
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Average wait list time for a client 0  
         




EQUINE ASSISTED SERVICE PROVIDERS


Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
Our organization provides the following Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
    Therapeutic Mounted Services
    Therapeutic Unmounted Services
Not Checked:
    Therapeutic Driving Services
    Therapeutic Vaulting Services
    Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)
    Equine-Assisted Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy/Speech-Language Pathology
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Academic Learning
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Personal and/or Professional Development

3: Total number of Equine Assisted Service Providers at Willow Farm
     1. Jessica Wolgast

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         Willow Farm

         RELATIONSHIP: Employee

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Mounted Services

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Jessica Wolgast is a Certified Therapeutic Riding Instructor (CTRI) and serves as the Program Coordinator for The Shane Center. She graduated from Otterbein College, Westerville, Ohio with a Bachelor’s of Arts in Equine Management in 2009. She is an enthusiastic horsewoman as well as an official PATH Instructor Mentor. She has been involved with The Shane Center first as a college intern and program volunteer and then in 2010 she was employed as an instructor.


     2. Karen Sanchez

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         Willow Farm

         RELATIONSHIP: Employee

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Mounted Services

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Founder and Executive Director, Karen has a Bachelor’s Degree in Education and is a PATH (Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship) CTRI (Certified Therapeutic Riding Instructor and an ATRI (Advanced Therapeutic Riding Instructor), as well as an official PATH Instructor Mentor. She is an accomplished horsewoman, served as an equestrian judge during the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games, graduated at the “A” Level of the United States Pony Club, spent 10 years participating in 4-H, and served 5 years as the organizational advisor to the Savvy Riders 4-H Club of Licking County. She is studying Level 5 of the Parelli Savvy System and has studied with numerous top horseman including Ray Hunt, Walter Zettel, Jimmy Wofford, Jesse Peters, Carol Coppinger, and Pat and Linda Parelli.


     3. Melinda Ingalls

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         Willow Farm

         RELATIONSHIP: Employee

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Mounted Services

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Mindy Ingalls is a Certified Therapeutic Riding Instructor (CTRI), and serves The Shane Center as the Administrative Assistant. She has a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Arts and Humanities/Dance Therapy. She has over 20 years experience working in non-profit organizations, providing therapeutic and recreational opportunities to individuals of all ages and all abilities, as well as grant writing, and office management skills. She enjoys competing at horse shows and trail riding with her daughter. She and her family live on a horse-powered farm, using their Percheron draft horses.



GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT & FINANCIAL REPORTING

Staff & Volunteers:
Chief Staff Officer (CSO):  Karen Sanchez
Employees:   Full-Time:  1  Part-Time:  4  Volunteers:  65
Staff Recruitment, Screening and Training processes:
    Prospective staff complete a written application
    Prospective staff must provide in writing if they have ever been convicted of a felony, convicted of a sexual offense, or convicted for animal cruelty or neglect
    Every member of the staff is required to complete a Liability Release/Hold Harmless Agreement
    Every member of the staff is required to provide Emergency Medical Information
    Every member of the staff is required to sign a Photo Release
    Every member of the staff is required to undergo a Background Check
    Every member of the staff provides parent/guardian information if applicable
    Every member of the staff carries current health insurance
    Every member of the staff has a written job description
    Every member of the staff is evaluated on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in their job description
    Every member of the staff is updated on all the organization's policies and procedures on a annual and as needed basis or with any change in policy or procedure
    Every member of the staff receives training that includes safety guidelines, confidentiality, horse handling, horse identification, and emergency procedures; additional training is job specific
    Every member of the staff has a supervisor and is responsible for keeping their supervisor up to date on work related activities
    One or more staff members are trained in CPR and human first aid
    One or more staff members are trained in equine first aid
Not Checked:
    The organization provides an Employee Handbook to every member of the staff
    The Employee Handbook includes employee-related information, such as hours of work, vacation, sick leave, dress code, cell phone usage, and the protocol for dismissal
    The Employee Handbook is reviewed annually and updated
    Every member of the staff is subject to Random Drug Screening

Volunteer Recruitment, Screening and Training processes:
    Prospective volunteers complete a written application
    Prospective volunteers must provide in writing if they have ever been convicted of a felony, convicted of a sexual offense, or convicted for animal cruelty or neglect
    Every volunteer is required to complete a Liability Release/Hold Harmless Agreement
    Every volunteer is required to provide Emergency Medical Information
    Every volunteer is required to sign a Photo Release
    Every volunteer is required to undergo a Background Check
    Every volunteer provides parent/guardian information if applicable
    Every volunteer carries current health insurance
    Every volunteer has a written job description
    Every volunteer is updated on all the organization's policies and procedures on a annual and as needed basis or with any change in policy or procedure
    Every volunteer receives training that includes safety guidelines, confidentiality, horse handling, horse identification, and emergency procedures; additional training is job specific
    Every volunteer is assigned a supervisor (staff member and/or senior volunteer) and is responsible for keeping their supervisor up to date on work related activities
    The supervisor assesses the volunteer's abilities and assigns specific duties to the volunteer based on their skills
    The organization records and maintains written attendance information and hours on every volunteer
    The organization provides a Volunteer Handbook to every volunteer
    The Volunteer Handbook includes volunteer-related information, such as hours of work, dress code, cell phone usage, and the protocol for dismissal
    The Volunteer Handbook is reviewed annually and updated
    The organization holds regular orientation sessions for volunteers and prospective volunteers that includes an overview of the organization, its mission, activities, volunteer responsibilities and expectations, safety guidelines, and a tour of the facility
Not Checked:
    Every volunteer is evaluated on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in their job description
    Every volunteer is subject to Random Drug Screening

Governing Body:
Board meetings per year:  11
Number of Board Members:  9  Number of Voting Board Members:  9

Board Compensation:
Is Board Chair compensated?  No  Is Treasurer compensated?  No
Are there any other Voting Board Members that are compensated?  No

Board/Staff Relationships:
Are any members of the Board or Staff related to each other through family or business relationships? Yes
If yes, provide the name, title, responsibility and family/business relationship of each Board and/or Staff member.
The Executive Director is married to the Board President and they also own the property where the organization is located. The Board VP is the mother of the Board President.

Board Affiliations:
Are any Board members or Staff associated with and/or compensated by another organization with a relationship or business affiliation to your organization? Yes
If yes, provide the name, title, responsibility and family/business relationship of each Board and/or Staff member, and the name of the related organization.
The Board President, who co-owns the facility with the Executive Director and is married to the Executive Director, is an Officer and voting Board member as is the mother of the President who serves as VP; however, the organization adheres to a written conflict of interest policy available on request and has a system of checks and balances in place to ensure that rent and salaries are set, discussed, and voted on ONLY by unrelated board members.
     
     On the 2018 990, the Executive Director is listed as an Officer and the Treasurer but stated that she does not serve on the board of directors or vote on board matters and a different Board member functions as the actual Treasurer. Part VII on the 2018 990 is incorrect and should be corrected going forward.

Conflict of Interest:
Does your organization have a written conflict of interest policy and regularly and consistently monitor and enforce compliance with the policy, including requiring officers, directors or trustees, and key employees to disclose annually interests that could give rise to conflicts?  Yes


Organization documents available on our website:
    Volunteer Handbook

Organization documents available on request:
    Most recent IRS Form 990
    Most recent Annual Report
    Equine Intake Guidelines
    Volunteer Handbook
    Bylaws

Additional explanation regarding governance, staffing and volunteer practices or further explanation of the answers above.
The Instructors at The Shane Center are certified PATH Intl. therapeutic riding professionals and are required to complete a minimum of 20 hours of continuing education each year. Other staff includes a part time Facility Manager and a part time Administrative Assistant. The Shane Center has nearly 60 volunteers who give roughly 3,000 hours of service to the program each year. Our volunteers assist while participants are riding, help with horse and facility care, support our fundraising events with both time and money, and help write for grants. Without our volunteers we couldn’t fulfill our mission. People volunteer because it is a way to “give back”, have fun, and develop new friendships. Most volunteers will tell you they get more out of being here than they feel they give! Most of our volunteers go well above and beyond the minimum requirements we set forth in their job descriptions.

Financial Reporting:
Budget:  *Missing
Equine Budget:   *Missing
Month Fiscal Year Ends: *Missing
Type of Financial Reporting (Audit, Review, Compilation): *Missing
Type of IRS Filing (990, 990-EZ, 990-N): *Missing
Does the uploaded Pro Forma 990/990 represent 2020? *Missing
IRS Form 990/Pro Forma 990 has not been uploaded for this facility.


EQUINE COSTS

Total Facilities: 1

Actual Horse Care Costs
$7249     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$1867     Bedding
$865     Veterinarian
$1845     Farrier
$846     Dentist
$0     Other Therapies
$0     Manure Removal
$1033     Medications & Supplements
$0     Horse Transportation
$5664     Maintenance
$410     Horse/Barn Supplies
$16031     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$0     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$35810     2019 Total Horse Care Costs
Donated Horse Care Costs
$0     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$0     Bedding
$0     Veterinarian
$0     Farrier
$0     Dentist
$0     Other Therapies
$1200     Manure Removal
$0     Medications & Supplements
$0     Horse Transportation
$200     Maintenance
$0     Horse/Barn Supplies
$0     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$0     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$1400     2019 Total Donated Costs

Average direct cost per day per horse: $7
Average total cost per day per horse: $12
**Equine Census *Missing/*Error Average length of stay for an equine: 0 days (2920/0)


POLICIES

Acquisition
Our organization acquires horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Donation  
    Purchase/Adoption from Owner  

Our organization does not acquire horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Free Lease  
    Purchase from auction  
    Purchase kill pen or feedlot  
    Return  
    Surrender  
    Seizure  
    Abandonment  

Our organization will accept the following:
    Geldings
    Mares

Not Checked:
    Pregnant Mares
    Foals
    Stallions
    Only Stallions to be castrated

Additional information about our acquisition policies and practices:
Prospective equines must meet the following guidelines:
     1. Age is appropriate to activity and workload. Minimum age is 6 years old for horses in SCTH riding programs.
     
     2. All prospective horses must be sound physically and mentally. Sometimes horses who are “serviceably sound” will be considered but in general the center only accepts horses who will not need maintenance drugs, medications, injections, or supplements to preserve health and soundness.
     
     3. All prospective horses must be generally calm, reliable, and obedient. The Shane Center prefers horses that are more introverted and have had a lot of life experiences, including arena work & training, trail riding, showing, etc.
     
     4. Height, build, conformation, and movement will be evaluated. Specific horse sizes, shapes, etc. are sought to provide a variety of experiences for participants.
     
     5. Geldings are preferable and they must be able to acclimate to current herd dynamics.
     
     Please note that all of the equines currently in The Shane Center's programs have all been with us for more than the past three years.

Intake, Assessment & Training
Prior to a horse being accepted and/or arriving at the facility, the organization requires the following with respect to the health status of the horse:
    A current Coggins
    Vaccination records that have been administered within the last 12 months
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, the owner is responsible for having vaccinations administered.
Not Checked:
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, our veterinarian will administer appropriate vaccinations

Prior to a horse being accepted and/or arriving at the facility, the organization has the following policies in place:
    The owner of a potential horse is interviewed over the phone or in person prior to seeing the horse
    The horse is evaluated at its place of residence
    The owner completes an application/contract which constitutes the agreement between the owner and our organization
    Horses are on trial for 60 or more days
    During the trial period, the organization accepts total financial responsibility for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care
    The trial period may be terminated by either the organization or the owner for any reason
Not Checked:
    The owner is financially responsible for the shipping of the horse to and from the organization
    Horses are not taken on trial
    Horses are on trial for up to 30 days
    Horses are on trial up to 60 days
    The trial period may be reduced based on the horse's progress
    During the trial period, the organization accepts financial responsibility for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care, up to a fixed amount agreed upon by the organization and the owner
    During the trial period, the owner/donor is financially responsible for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care

Upon intake, the organization has the following quarantine policy in place:
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine at the facility for a prescribed period of time
Not Checked:
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine off-site for a prescribed period of time
    The horse is not quarantined

The typical length of quarantine is:   Up to 10 days

Following arrival of the equine at the facility, the following is performed:
    Physical examination by a veterinarian
    Physical examination by trained barn staff
    Photographs are taken
    A Henneke Body Conditioning Score is assigned
    Physical examination by a farrier
    Physical examination by a dentist
    De-worming
Not Checked:
    Coggins test
    Blood work other than Coggins
    Fecal test
    Vaccinations
    The horse is scanned to check for a microchip
    The horse is microchipped if the scan indicates that there is no microchip

Following arrival at the facility, the horse is assessed for following skills and behaviors:
    Retrieval from a pasture/paddock
    Leading with a halter and lead rope
    Temperament, disposition and attitude, such as rated from very calm to very high spirited
    Saddling
    Bridling
    Lunging
    Loading onto and unloading off a trailer
    Mounting and dismounting
    Riding at the walk
    Riding at the trot
    Riding at the canter
    Riding by a beginner and/or unbalanced rider
    Jumping
    Tolerance to unusual objects and loud noises
    Known vices, i.e., cribbing, biting, kicking, weaving, stall walking, etc
    Grooming
    Bathing
    Clipping
    Tolerance to multiple handlers at the same time
Not Checked:
    Driving (Pulling a carriage)

Horses provided formal training (groundwork or riding):   Daily

Additional information about our intake, assessment & training policies and practices:
Prior to their participation in center activities, prospective equines are subject to the following guidelines:
     
     1.The ultimate decision maker for use in center activities is Karen Sanchez.
     2. The equine evaluation is performed by each instructor.
     3.The equine must pass the following evaluation:
     The equine must be used in a minimum of 5 mock lessons, simulating different skill levels of riders and volunteers. The equine must receive a passing score each time until the equine gets 5 consecutive passing mock lessons.
     4. If a horse is deemed not suitable for program activities during the trial period, he/she will be returned to the owner.


Breeding
The organization has the following policies related to breeding and stallions:
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, does NOT breed horses.
Not Checked:
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, breeds horses
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, are permitted to house stallions
    Our organization prohibits the breeding of horses/equines when re-homed or this statement is not applicable as all horses/equines remain at our organization for their lifetimes and are not re-homed under any circumstances.

Euthanasia
The organization has the following policies related to euthanasia:
    Our organization may have a healthy horse euthanized if it is a threat to itself, other horses, or people
    Our organization may have a horse euthanized after all reasonable treatment options have been explored
    Euthanasia is done on site when possible to decrease trauma from transport
    Disposal of the carcass is handled within 24 hours
Not Checked:
    Our organization will never have a horse euthanized for space
    Our organization will never have a healthy horse euthanized under any circumstances
    Euthanasia is done at the veterinarian's facility

Horses will be euthanized upon the recommendation of:
    Veterinarian
    Senior staff member without a veterinarian's recommendation
Not Checked:
    The Board of Directors, or a member of the Board of Directors, without a veterinarian's recommendation
    Not applicable. The organization does not euthanize horses

The following are authorized to administer the procedure for your organization in accordance with state laws:
    Veterinarian
Not Checked:
    A certified euthanasia technician
    Senior staff with appropriate training
    Employee of animal control shelter or humane society with appropriate training
    Veterinary student under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian
    Not applicable. The organization does not euthanize horses

The organization utilizes the following methods of euthanasia:
    Intravenous administration of an overdose of barbiturates

Rehoming
Our organization has the following re-homing (adoption/purchase) policies and procedures in place:
    All potential adopters/purchasers complete a contract which constitutes the agreement between our organization and the new owner
    Our organization will only re-home a horse to a location where another horse resides
    Potential adopters/purchasers must visit our organization and be observed with the horse on site
    The distance of a potential adopter/purchaser's home from our facility is a consideration for when re-homing a horse
    Our organization conducts a site visit of the adopter/purchaser's facility before the transfer of the horse to the adopter/purchaser's facility
    Potential adopters/purchasers are encouraged to do a short-term, on-site foster with the horse
Not Checked:
    Our organization does NOT re-home a horse to first time horse owners
    Adopters/purchasers are NOT required to provide updates
    Our organization does not re-home horses under any circumstances; our organization retains custody of our horses and ensures care of the horses for their lifetimes.

The uploaded Re-homing agreement includes the following re-homing (adoption/purchase) statements:
    Our agreement states that re-homed horses CAN be sold or given away with prior written approval of our organization
    Our agreement states that if there is any breach of contract the horse must be returned to our organization
    Our agreement states that our organization reserves the right to make unannounced visits
    Our agreement states that our organization reserves the right to make scheduled visits
    Our agreement states that adopters/purchasers can return a horse to our organization free of charge
    Our agreement states that adopters/purchasers are required to provide updates (photos, vet records) for one year
Not Checked:
    Our agreement states that re-homed horses CANNOT be sold, auctioned, or given away under any circumstances
    Our agreement states that re-homed horses cannot be bred
    Our agreement states that adopters/purchasers can return a horse to our organization for a fee
    Our agreement states that adopters/purchasers are required to provide updates (photos, vet records) for two years
    Our agreement states that adopters/purchasers are required to provide updates (photos, vet records) for three or more years
    None of the statements are included.

Our organization requires references from the following:
    Veterinarian
    Farrier
    Personal/Other
Not Checked:
    Not applicable or no references required.

Transfer of ownership occurs:   Immediately (at the time of adoption/purchase)

The average equine re-homing (adoption/purchase) fee received by your organization:
Not applicable; None received

Our organization has the following policies and procedures related to horses that need to be retired, are no longer useful, or are no longer manageable:
    Horses remain at our organization for their lifetimes
    Horses may be found suitable homes by our organization
    Horses may be returned to their owners
    In the case a horse is unmanageable and demonstrates repeated dangerous behaviors, the horse may be euthanized
    In the case a horse is unsound and/or unhealthy and cannot be treated to relieve suffering, the horse may be euthanized
Not Checked:
    Horses may be sent to auction
    If a suitable home cannot be located within 12 months, the horse may be euthanized


Additional information about our rehoming policies and practices:
When a horse is permanently removed from program activities, the following order is used to determine where they will retire:
     A. If the owner has indicated that they want to accept the horse back at retirement, then they have first right of refusal.
     B.The horse is offered to current volunteers, participants and staff persons. If more than one of these persons offers to give the horse a home, then the person who has been active with the center the longest will be given preference.
     C. The horse is offered to the public.
     
     Please note that each potential horse retirement home is visited by the program director and a member of the equine team to confirm that it is a suitable placement. Each potential adopter must be approved prior to placement of the equine.
     
     
     All horses will remain on the program property until a good home has been found. It is our belief that these horses have given us their dedication and we will not euthanize them unless their quality of life warrants it as recommended by a veterinarian.
View Re-homing Agreement

EQUINE CARE & SHELTER/FACILITY INFORMATION

Total facilities at which our organization cares for and shelters horses used in our programs: 1

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to foster, overflow and/or satellite facilities: Not Applicable. Our organization does not use foster, overflow and/or satellite facilities


Willow Farm
Willow Farm
7908 Myers Road Centerburg OH 43011
Contact: Karen Sanchez
Contact's Phone: 740-398-2239
Contact's Email: karen@shanecenter.org

Does your organization own, lease or use a part of this facility? Lease

Please list all local, state and federal licenses held by the organization, including the expiration dates, or indicate that no licenses are required at the local, state or federal level. Please also list if this facility is accredited and recognized as compliant with the published standards of an accrediting organization, including the name of the organization and the date of the accreditation.
     The Shane Center for Therapeutic Horsemanship at Willow Farm is a Premier Accredited Center of Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship International (PATH). This accreditation covers the physical facilities as well as the administrative and program aspects of the services offered at the center.

Provide the contact information for the individual or organization responsible for investigating abuse in the county where the facility is located, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     The Knox County Dog Shelter/Animal Control John Carhart dogwarden@co.knox.oh.us 285 Columbus Road Mt. Vernon, OH 43050 740-393-6713 or 740-393-6714

Does your organization conduct Equine Assisted Services (EAS) at this facility in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS)? Yes

Total number of Equine Assisted Service Providers AT THIS FACILITY, including instructors, specialists, therapists, counselors, coaches and/or facilitators (full-time, part-time, volunteer, independent contractors, and/or providers accompanying clients) that conduct Equine Assisted Services (EAS) in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS) AT THIS FACILITY:  3

Equine Assisted Service Providers Assigned to this Facility: (see Equine Assisted Service Provider Section below for details)

     1. Jessica Wolgast
     2. Karen Sanchez
     3. Melinda Ingalls

Willow Farm:

Grounds
Total number of horses involved with your programs at this facility: 8
Of the total number of horses involved with your programs at this facility, the number of horses that are microchipped: 0
Total number of horses at this facility INCLUDING those not involved with your programs: 14
Maximum capacity of horses at this facility: 14
Total acreage dedicated specifically to the horses: 12
Our organization has use of the following at this facility:
Structures/Barns: 2  Run-in sheds: 4
Pastures: 3  Paddocks/Pens: 3
Uncovered Outdoor Rings: 1  Covered Outdoor Rings:   Indoor Rings: 1







Regarding structures at this facility where horses are stalled:
Do horses have assigned stalls in the structure(s)?    Yes    
Do all stalls/enclosures allow horses to lie down, stand up and turn around?    Yes    
Is there adequate ceiling & beam height (a minimum of 12 feet above the tip of the horse's ear) when standing in all stalls/enclosures?    Yes    
How often are the stalls/enclosures cleaned? 6-7 Days a Week
Are floors constructed and maintained for both good drainage and traction?    Yes    
Is there a ventilation and circulation system in place to control temperature and prevent buildup of toxic gases?    Yes    
Is wiring inaccessible to horses and maintained for safety?    Yes    
Are fire prevention/protection measures (fire alarms, extinguishers and sprinkler systems) maintained and in good working order?     Yes    
Is there adequate lighting to ensure safety in all areas of facility?     Yes    
Are emergency contacts, including veterinarian contact information, conspicuously posted in easily accessible locations?    Yes    
Are human and equine first aid kits easily accessible?     Yes    

How many hours per day, on average, are horses stalled? 0-3;
How many hours per day, on average, are horses turned out:
    Horses are out 24/7 except they are brought in to feed
    Horses are out 24/7 except they are brought in if there is inclement weather
    Horses are out 24/7 except when they are being trained
    Horses are out 24/7 except when they are used for the conduct of the organization's programs

The following describes the pastures at this facility:
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for pasture management
    All pastures are fenced to prevent escape or injury
    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked
    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
    Pastures are rotated
    Pastures have natural protection for horses (i.e., trees)
    Pastures have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have pastures where horses can graze on pasture grass
    This facility has a written plan in place for pasture management, which includes guidelines for seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, mowing, dragging, harrowing, manure removal, removal of debris, the control of poisonous plants, and a schedule for cleaning
    Barbed wire is used for fencing

The following describes the turnout areas other than pastures at this facility:
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for the maintenance of turnout areas
    All turnout areas are fenced to prevent escape or injury
    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked
    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have turnout areas
    This facility has a written plan in place for the maintenance of turnout areas, which includes a schedule for cleaning, manure removal, and dragging
    Barbed wire is used for fencing
    Turnout areas have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)

The following policies and procedures are in place at the facility to restrict public access and to keep horses safe:
    The property owner, staff member or caretaker lives on the premises and ensures that public access is restricted and is responsible for the security of the facility and horses
    No Trespassing signs are posted
    Hold Harmless signs are posted
    Authorized Personnel Only signs are posted
    Entrance gates are locked at night
    Visitors are only permitted at specific times
    Visitors are only permitted in specific areas
    The property is fitted with motion lights
    The property is fitted with a security system monitored by police or a professional service
Not Checked:
    A security guard is present at night
    Horses are checked overnight
    By Appointment Only signs are posted.
    The property is fitted with a security system that is monitored internally by staff (or the property owner)
    The perimeter of the property is fully fenced

Willow Farm

Veterinarian Information
*Vet Assessment Not Current.

Veterinarian: Dr. Laurie Gallatin
Clinic Name: Countryside Veterinary Center
2232 OH 61
Sunbury   OH   43074
Phone: 740-965-8111

Equine Care
Horse Health Care/Barn Management Records: What system is used to collect and store health/horse care records?
    Notebook or equivalent (technology not utilized)

The following items are consistent with our feed management plan and practices:
    Horses are provided with individualized feeding plans, including supplements, according to age and any health issues
    Feed plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Supplement plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Horses are fed in individual stalls
    Horses are fed in groups
    Staff and volunteers are trained in proper feed measurements and protocols and observed periodically to ensure they are feeding correctly
    The feed chart is centrally located and updated as needed
    The area(s) where hay, feed, grain, and supplements are stored are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals in rodent-proof and mold-proof containers and grain bins
    Feed, supplements and hay types are clearly labeled
    Water sources, i.e., buckets, troughs, automatic waterers, etc. are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals
    Medications are kept in a locked, climate-controlled area
Not Checked:

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to the ongoing assessment of horses in its care:
    Horses are assigned a Henneke Body Condition score upon arrival at the facility
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated annually
    Photographs are taken of each horse upon arrival at the facility and kept with the horse's health records
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine chiropractor
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine acupuncturist
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine massage therapist
Not Checked:
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated monthly
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated with each visit by the veterinarian
    Photographs are taken of each horse monthly and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse annually and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse with each visit by the veterinarian and kept with the horse's health records
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine nutritionist

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to the weight-carrying or workload capabilities of horses/equines in our care:
    Our organization evaluates the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine at least annually
    Our organization maintains a written record for each equine that documents the results of each evaluation of weight-carrying and workload limitations
Not Checked:
    Our organization does not evaluate the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable

The following variables are considered in determining the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine:
    Equine age, weight, breed, body condition, fitness, balance, health and soundness
    Equine conformation to include the top line, length of back, strength and width of loin, bone density (measured by the circumference of the cannon bone just below the knee)
    Size, shape, condition and angle of the hooves
    Participant weight, height, body proportions, balance, fitness and riding skills as well as behavioral issues and safety concerns
    Weight and proper fit of the saddle and other equipment
    Terrain and footing in the working environment
    Duration and frequency of working sessions, as the frequency with which an equine is subjected to maximum weight carrying and/or workload
    Nature and pace of work, repetitive or varied, radius of turns, degree of incline and regularity of footing when equine is subject to maximum weight-carrying capacity
    Temperature and/or weather conditions
    Seasonal impact on the equines' workload and weight-carrying capabilities and limitations
Not Checked:
    Our organization does not evaluate the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable

Do horses have access to clean drinking water at all times?     Yes    

Hoof Care: How often is hoof care provided for each horse? Every 4-8 weeks and when an issue arises

Dental Care: How often is dental care provided for each horse? Annually and when an issue arises

Physical Examinations: How often is each horse given a physical exam by a veterinarian? Annually and when an issue arises

Horse checks: How often are horses visually and physically checked by personnel at the facility? Every day or 6 days a week

Parasite Control: Our organization has the following worming protocols in place: (Check all that apply
    The protocol for each horse is determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Fecal testing is performed prior to the use of a de-wormer.

Fly/Insect Control: What remedies are used to control flies and insects?
    Fly Traps and Tapes
    Fly Spray Repellent
    Fly Masks
    Fans

The following represent the biosecurity practices in place at facility:
    Our organization follows the AAEP's Biosecurity Guidelines and/or the UC Davis Biosecurity Guidelines
    All staff are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    All volunteers are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cared for last if the caretaker must also care for healthy horses
    Restricted access signs are posted at primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Hand sanitizers and footbaths are available at all primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Manure and bedding from sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is disposed of in specific areas designated for infectious materials - not put in open air piles, and not spread on pastures
    Stalls, aisle ways, and common areas are disinfected after conclusion of the quarantine
    Horse trailers/vans used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cleaned and disinfected after each use and cleaning takes place away from where horses are sheltered
    Horse-specific equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is not shared and is clearly labeled
    Shared equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is cleaned of organic debris and disinfected after each use
    Latex gloves are worn when working with sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Personnel are required to leave the facility (or shower and change clothing) after working with quarantined horses
Not Checked:
    The organization has a written biosecurity plan
    A specific individual is assigned to care for sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses do not have contact with other horses or other animals
    Horses/equines are not quarantined.

The following represent the manure removal practices in place at facility:
    Manure is piled in an area where horses are not located
    Manure is hauled, sold or given away
    Manure piles are composted or spread on pastures
    Our organization adheres to the manure management guidelines set by state and/or local authorities
Not Checked:
    Manure is stored in dumpster(s)
    Manure piles are covered

The following steps are taken to help staff and volunteers readily identify each horse on the property::
    Horses are assigned the same stall/location each day
    Name plates are located on the stall
    A notebook or binder with photos and information on each horse is easily accessible
    Horse photos and profiles are available on the website
    Staff/volunteers are provided training on confirmation, markings, colors, and breeds
    Team leaders work with new staff/volunteers until they are able to identify the horses
Not Checked:
    Photos are located on the stall
    Horses wear halters with nametags
    A map/diagram is posted showing the location of each horse with horse names and photos
    Staff and volunteers are provided with an information packet with horse profiles, including photos and detailed descriptions

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to tack, apparel and equipment:
    Saddles are shared
    Saddle pads are shared
    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are fitted and utilized for each horse appropriate to the horse's needs and the weather conditions
    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are cleaned regularly as needed
     Halters are shared
    Tack is cleaned weekly
    Tack is inspected for overall working condition before each use by trained personnel
    Tack is assessed for fit before each use by trained personnel
    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's body condition changes
    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's disposition changes
    Assigned tack is clearly labeled
    Helmets are shared
    Helmets are cleaned/disinfected after each use
    Helmets are replaced after a fall
    Helmets are replaced at least every five years.
Not Checked:
     All horses have specifically assigned tack, apparel and equipment that is not shared
    Bridles are shared
    Bits are shared
    Blankets are shared
    Sheets are shared
    Turnout apparel is shared
    Tack is cleaned after each use
    Tack is cleaned only when needed
    This facility enlists the services of a professional saddle fitter at least once a year
    Tack is stored in a climate-controlled location
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable.


Emergency Preparedness
The following plans, policies, and procedures are in place at the facility to handle emergencies and address weather related issues, fire safety procedures, and/or any additional hazardous scenarios the facility could potentially experience:
    Emergency procedures are posted prominently
    Emergency phone numbers are posted prominently
    The facility owns or has access to a generator
    The facility maintains at least two weeks of hay, feed, shavings and medications
    The facility collects and maintains medical information from staff, volunteers, and clients
    The facility maintains appropriate liability and/or workers' compensation insurance
    All staff/volunteers are briefed regularly on emergency preparedness/safety procedures
    The organization has a written emergency preparedness/safety plan (EPP)
Not Checked:

The written EPP addresses the following areas:
    Local fire department and/or the state's emergency planning department procedures
    Medical emergencies for clients, staff, and volunteers
    Medical emergencies for horses
    Evacuation plans
    Power outages
    Fire
    Natural Disasters - thunderstorm, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornados, etc
    Protocols to notify emergency personnel
    Building/facility exit plans
Not Checked:
    Terrorist attacks

The facility follows the specific procedures to help PREVENT emergency situations:
    Smoking is strictly prohibited
    NO SMOKING signs are posted prominently
    Hay is stored away from permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled
    Permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled are kept free of dust, cobwebs, trash, cleaning rags, and other flammable items
    Aisles and doorways are kept clear
Not Checked:
    Heaters with automatic shutoff settings are used

How often are the following checked or performed?
Fire Extinguishers are checked: Monthly
Smoke detectors are checked: Monthly
Electrical Systems are checked: Annually
Fence lines are checked: Daily
Turnout Areas are checked: Daily
Sprinkler systems are checked: Not at all/NA
Fire drills are conducted: Quarterly
Review of safety protocols with staff are conducted: Annually
Review of safety protocols with volunteers are conducted: Quarterly
The Emergency Preparedness Plan is reviewed and updated: Annually

Equine Transportation
2-horse trailer with truck or van:
     Owned onsite   Access onsite but not owned   Access offsite;
3-horse trailer with truck or van:
     Owned onsite  1 Access onsite but not owned   Access offsite;
4-horse trailer with truck or van:
     Owned onsite   Access onsite but not owned   Access offsite;
6-horse trailer with truck or van:
     Owned onsite   Access onsite but not owned   Access offsite;
8-horse trailer with truck or van:
     Owned onsite   Access onsite but not owned   Access offsite;
10-horse trailer with truck or van:
     Owned onsite   Access onsite but not owned   Access offsite;


Equine Assisted Services (EAS)
         
2020 EAS Operations Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Horses/Equines participating in EAS programs at this facility        
Number of horses/equines aged 3-8 0 0 0 0
Number of horses/equines aged 9-14 0 0 0 0
Number of horses/equines aged 15-20 0 0 0 0
Number of horses/equines Over 20 0 0 0 0
Total number of horses/equines participating in EAS programs at this facility 0 0 0 0
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of hours per day each horse works 0 0  
Number of days per week each horse works 0 0  
         
Clients participating in EAS programs at this facility Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Total number of individual clients (not lessons) served annually
Average number of clients (not lessons) participating in activities per week
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of days per week programs are conducted at this facility 0 0  
Number of weeks per year programs are conducted at this facility 0 0  
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Average wait list time for a client 0  
         



EQUINE CENSUS SUMMARY

Total Facilities: 1

Total number of horses involved with your programs on January 1, 2019
PLUS: Horse Intake during 2019
Donated
Free Lease
Purchase/Adoption from Owner
Purchased from Auction
Purchased from Kill Pen/Feedlot
Surrendered
Seized
Abandoned
Returned
Transfer
Born at facility
Total intakes
LESS: Horse Departure during 2019
Horses adopted/sold:
Horses transferred/returned
Horses deceased
Horses euthanized
0 Total departures
 Number of horses involved with your programs on December 31, 2019
 Total number of active horses (not retired) including
horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.
 Total number of horses permanently retired.

Summary: on 1/1/2019+ Intakes - 0 Departures = on 12/31/2019

Total days that equines were in the care of The Shane Center for Therapeutic Horsemanship, Inc during 2019: 2920

Willow Farm Prior Year information not updated.





Definitions:
Donated: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a donation document.
Free Lease: The ownership of the equine is maintained by the owner/trainer/responsible agent; the custody and responsibility for the shelter and care of the equine is transferred to the organization utilizing a free lease document.
Purchased from Owner: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a purchase document.
Purchased from Auction: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by purchasing the equine at an auction.
Purchased from Kill Pen: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by purchasing the equine from a kill pen.
Surrendered (Hardship): The ownership and custody of the equine is relinquished to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent with or without the use of an intake document.
Seized: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization as a result of the equine being seized by law enforcement or another agency and removed from the owner.
Abandoned: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization as a result of the equine being abandoned by the owner or the owner was unable to be located.
Returned: The equine was previously a part of the organization, was adopted, and ownership and custody of the equine has been transferred back to the organization.
Transferred: The custody of the equine is transferred within an organization or from one organization to another non-profit or foster organization to provide retirement, retraining, rehabilitation and/or adoption services with no change in ownership.
Born: The equine was born at the facility.

Foal: An equine up to one year old; a colt is a male foal and a filly is a female foal.
Mare: A female equine.
Stallion: A male equine that has not been castrated.
Gelding: A castrated male equine.

Equine Assisted Services (EAS): Any activity that incorporates equine interactions and/or the equine environment, mounted or unmounted, to include 1) psychotherapy and/or mental health counseling aimed at achieving goals set forth by the licensed mental health professional and the client, 2) occupational therapy, physical therapy, and speech-language pathology treatment strategies utilizing equine movement set forth by the licensed therapist and the client, 3) horsemanship instruction adapted to the ability/disability of those receiving services, for the purpose of contributing positively to their cognitive, physical, emotional and social well-being conducted by a certified professional, and 4) experiential learning approaches that promote the development of life skills to achieve educational, professional and personal goals conducted by a licensed educator, mental health professional or coach. Please refer to our Guidelines for Conducting EAS for additional information.

Special Needs: Any difficulty or difficulties (such as a physical, emotional, behavioral, or cognitive disability or impairment) that require or benefit from instructors, specialists, counselors, trainers and/or facilitators who have certified training for their scope of practice applicable to the people participating in the programs and specific to the program offerings. The difficulty may not be limited to a health issue but may result from the interaction between the individual and the society in which he or she lives arising from an abusive or unhealthy environment or situation and/or a lack of resources, including economic resources, placing them at risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes.

At-Risk: Refers to being at-risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes. Youth are considered at-risk for a number of reasons, such as if they are homeless or transient, involved in drugs or alcohol, abused sexually, physically or emotionally, mentally ill, neglected at home or live in stressful family environments, lacking social or emotional supports, and involved with delinquent peers. At-Risk youth are likely to be involved in a number of risky behaviors, such as running away, skipping school, drinking underage, engaging in sexual behavior, displaying disruptive behavior, bullying/harassment, fighting, and committing acts of vandalism.

Community Outreach: Refers to public education programs aimed at educating the public about the horse-human bond, issues impacting the welfare of horses, and how horses change lives and activities that include, but are not limited to, any activity OTHER THAN Equine Assisted Services (EAS) that require a credentialed service provider, such as off site visits with horses at hospitals, nursing homes, and schools, crisis response, workplace well-being, on site tours, seminars and clinics, camps, community service hours, able-bodied mounted and unmounted lessons, etc.