Equine Welfare Network Guardian
AWARDED ANNUALLY
Effective Date
May 05, 2020


Red Barn Foundation AKA The Red Barn
2722 Bailey Road
Leeds, AL 35094
Phone: 205-223-1362

EIN: 45-2593191
Founded: 2012
Last Updated 2020-08-21

View our WEBSITE

Red Barn Foundation AKA The Red Barn
EQUINE WELFARE NETWORK GUARDIAN PROFILE
Effective Date: May 05, 2020 Last Updated: August 21, 2020

We are proud to be an EQUUS Foundation Guardian and share our horse care & use practices with the public.

MISSION & PROGRAMS

Our organization conducts Equine Assisted Services which are in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS).
Our organization provides community outreach and/or public education programs involving horses.
Our organization is directly responsible for the care and shelter of equines involved in our programs.
95% of our total programs and services are horse-related.
Number of facilities/locations where horses used in our programs are HOUSED AND CARED FOR or were HOUSED AND CARED FOR during 2019: 1
     1. The Red Barn  * Operational in 2019


Mission:
The mission of The Red Barn is to promote and support equine assisted activities to individuals of all abilities and circumstances, especially children.

Summary of organization's goals, strategies to achieve the goals, accomplishments, and capabilities to meet the goals, including its long-term plans to sustain its programs:
The Red Barn Board and Directors and Strategic Planning Committee have set the following goals:
     
     1) Offer excellent equine-assisted activities and therapies to meet the needs of those who would not be able to receive services elsewhere. Question: What do we want to do?
     
     DETERMINE NEEDS OF CURRENT AND WAIT LIST STUDENTS AND THEIR FAMILIES
     Evaluate the benefits of current programs to ensure excellently meeting student needs.
     Evaluate needs of waitlist students for future planning and best program participation placement.
     Create needs assessment and/or case statement.
     
     
     OFFER EXCELLENT PROGRAMS TO STUDENTS AND THEIR FAMILIES
     Continue offering our current equine assisted activities such as adapted Horseback Riding Lessons (formerly called therapeutic horseback riding lessons), unmounted weekly individual lessons, weekly equine and animal-assisted learning classes, one-time equine assisted learning day camps, and field trips.
     Offer adapted riding lessons offside.
     Continue offering our current equine assisted therapies, such as hippotherapy and equine assisted therapeutic play groups.
     Add additional equine assisted therapies, such as equine-assisted family therapy.
     
     PROVIDE TRAINING FOR CURRENT STAFF, VOLUNTEERS, AND THE COMMUNITY.
     Host clinics and seminars to provide professional certifications.
     Host continuing education for professionals and the community.
     
     
     2) Determine the necessary resources to provide excellent programs. Question: What resources do we need?
     
     VOLUNTEERS
     Use volunteers more effectively.
     
     INTERNS
     Create a more formalized internship program.
     
     STAFF
     Create best organizational structure.
     Offer a benefits package to recruit and retain the best and brightest.
     Offer competitive pay with incentives to work at most needed times.
     
     HORSES
     Maintain a full capacity of horses to serve multiple programs.
     Have instructors that can work with a wide variety of horses.
     Have a pipeline of horses.
     
     PROPERTY
     Have adequate staffing to care for the property.
     Make property as accessible as possible.
     Design property to be as efficient as possible and as much used as possible.
     
     BOARD
     Formalize the advisory board.
     Expand the Governing Board.
     
     
     3) Have abundant resources. Question: How are we going to get the resources we need?
     
     Decide and document our organization’s brand, voice, and story.
     Understand how other similar agencies are funded and how their expenses are categorized.
     Create a Development Plan.
     Evaluate the use of auxiliary groups.
     Determine charges for each program, especially programs serving other agencies.
     Emphasize subsidy to all parents, but especially those that do not receive a scholarship.
     Pursue more in-kind donations.
     Have six months operating reserves.
     Emphasize transparency.
     
     4) Become known as experts in our industry. Question: What’s going to happen after we provide excellent programs and have abundant resources?
     
     Create our own certification model.
     Create “how to” packages that allow others to duplicate our methods and model.
     Seek out projects that will bring national attention.
     
     The Red Barn’s capabilities in meeting these goals include an active and dedicated Board of Directors, Advisory Board, Junior Board, as well as a dedicated and professional staff that is highly involved in decision making and problem solving within the organization. The Red Barn is proud to be a Guidestar Platinum Participant, a PATH Premier Accredited Center, and also home to the largest hippotherapy program in the state of Alabama.

Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
Our organization provides the following equine assisted services (EAS):
    Therapeutic Mounted Services
    Therapeutic Unmounted Services
    Equine-Assisted Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy/Speech-Language Pathology
Not Checked:
    Therapeutic Driving Services
    Therapeutic Vaulting Services
    Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Academic Learning
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Personal and/or Professional Development

Our organization provides services for the following specific populations:
Children (10 & Under)
Tweens (11-12)
Teens (13-18)
Young Adults (19-21)
Adults (Over 21)
Seniors (65-79)
Elderly (80 & Over)
Veterans
Socioeconomically Disadvantaged
At-Risk Youth

Our organization provides services to individuals with:
Alzheimers/Dementia, Amputation, Arthritis, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Autism, Behavioral disorders, Cerebral palsy, Chronic illness, Cognitive disabilities, Cystic Fibrosis, Development delay or disability, Down Syndrome, Economic disadvantages, Emotional disabilities, Epilepsy, Genetic conditions/disorders, Grief, Head Trauma/Brain Injury, Hearing impairment, Intellectual disability, Joint abnormalities, Language impairment, Learning disabilities, Life-threatening illness, Mental health disabilities, Multiple sclerosis, Muscular dystrophy, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Orthopedic issues, Paralysis, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), Physical disabilities, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Speech impairment, Spina bifida, Stroke, Terminal illness, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Visual impairment, Weight Control disorders

Overview of our programs involved with providing EAS to individuals with special needs:
     Our certified riding instructors provide weekly riding lessons for children with physical, cognitive, or emotional disabilities and special circumstances, such as foster care, adoption, social delays, and grief. These hour-long private lessons are adapted to the student's specific needs and challenges to learn riding and horsemanship skills.
     
     Occupational therapists along with a certified horse professional use evidence-based practice and clinical reasoning in the purposeful manipulation of equine movement as a therapy tool to engage sensory, neuromotor and cognitive systems to promote functional outcomes in the hippotherapy program. This therapy is different from the riding lesson program in that it must be prescribed by a doctor, and the benefit for the participant is received from the effect the motion of the horse has on their body, not the rider's effect to the horse's body.
     
     We also provide equine assisted learning day camps and classes that include art, music, nature, and horse activities. Activities with the horses may include grooming, painting, herd observations, approach and retreat exercises, and learning about the care and anatomy of the horse. Camps are inclusive for children with or without disabilities or special circumstances.
     
     In addition to serving those with a disability, funds are specifically raised to allow active and inactive military personnel and their families the opportunity to participate in riding lessons as well as half or full day experiences at the barn in a group setting at no cost to them.

At a time when equestrian sports are under pressure to protect horses while making those sports more accessible, so too must all equine organizations ensure that horses are treated humanely when interacting with people with and without special needs. Our organization takes the following steps to ensure that horses are benefiting from their interactions with people:
     We keep track of each time a horse is ridden and used in any program during the week to ensure that the horse is not being overworked.
     
     We have a strict rule that no student or volunteer should touch a horse's face.
     
     When learning to ride, all students start out with their reins clipped to the top ring of the horse's halter to minimize pressure on the horse until they have demonstrated the ability to perform correct and controlled rein aids before riding the horse with a sidepull or bridle.
     
     If at any point during an interaction with the horse the student's behavior becomes unsafe, they will be removed from the horse until the situation is controlled.
     
     Horses are not brought from their stall or pasture until the student is present to minimize time standing in the cross-ties.
     
     Staff routinely perform stretching and massage techniques to the horses to help maintain physical condition and balance.


Community Outreach and/or Public Education:

Overview of our programs involved with providing community outreach and/or public education programs involving horses:
     We are dedicated to improving the greater therapeutic riding community. One of our programs is focused exclusively on instructor training. In this program, we provide training to become an instructor or start a similar agency, and we give individuals the opportunity to improve the skills necessary for working in the equine-assisted therapy field.

Our Programs/Activities that are not equine-related and/or involving animals other than equines:
 While the vast majority of our programs are centred around horses, we do have small farm animals (goats and bunnies) on site. These animals are used frequently in our programs in whatever capacity will be most beneficial to the client. Students may pet the animals, as well as perform general cleaning or care duties with the assistance of a staff member.

GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT & FINANCIAL REPORTING

Staff & Volunteers:
Chief Staff Officer (CSO):  Joy O'Neal
Employees:   Full-Time:  14  Part-Time:  4  Volunteers:  117
Staff Recruitment, Screening and Training processes:
    Prospective staff complete a written application
    Prospective staff must provide in writing if they have ever been convicted of a felony, convicted of a sexual offense, or convicted for animal cruelty or neglect
    Every member of the staff is required to complete a Liability Release/Hold Harmless Agreement
    Every member of the staff is required to provide Emergency Medical Information
    Every member of the staff is required to sign a Photo Release
    Every member of the staff is required to undergo a Background Check
    Every member of the staff provides parent/guardian information if applicable
    Every member of the staff carries current health insurance
    Every member of the staff has a written job description
    Every member of the staff is evaluated on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in their job description
    Every member of the staff is updated on all the organization's policies and procedures on a annual and as needed basis or with any change in policy or procedure
    Every member of the staff receives training that includes safety guidelines, confidentiality, horse handling, horse identification, and emergency procedures; additional training is job specific
    Every member of the staff has a supervisor and is responsible for keeping their supervisor up to date on work related activities
    The organization provides an Employee Handbook to every member of the staff
    The Employee Handbook includes employee-related information, such as hours of work, vacation, sick leave, dress code, cell phone usage, and the protocol for dismissal
    The Employee Handbook is reviewed annually and updated
    One or more staff members are trained in CPR and human first aid
    One or more staff members are trained in equine first aid
Not Checked:
    Every member of the staff is subject to Random Drug Screening

Volunteer Recruitment, Screening and Training processes:
    Prospective volunteers complete a written application
    Prospective volunteers must provide in writing if they have ever been convicted of a felony, convicted of a sexual offense, or convicted for animal cruelty or neglect
    Every volunteer is required to complete a Liability Release/Hold Harmless Agreement
    Every volunteer is required to provide Emergency Medical Information
    Every volunteer is required to sign a Photo Release
    Every volunteer is required to undergo a Background Check
    Every volunteer provides parent/guardian information if applicable
    Every volunteer has a written job description
    Every volunteer is evaluated on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in their job description
    Every volunteer is updated on all the organization's policies and procedures on a annual and as needed basis or with any change in policy or procedure
    Every volunteer receives training that includes safety guidelines, confidentiality, horse handling, horse identification, and emergency procedures; additional training is job specific
    Every volunteer is assigned a supervisor (staff member and/or senior volunteer) and is responsible for keeping their supervisor up to date on work related activities
    The supervisor assesses the volunteer's abilities and assigns specific duties to the volunteer based on their skills
    The organization records and maintains written attendance information and hours on every volunteer
    The organization provides a Volunteer Handbook to every volunteer
    The Volunteer Handbook includes volunteer-related information, such as hours of work, dress code, cell phone usage, and the protocol for dismissal
    The Volunteer Handbook is reviewed annually and updated
    The organization holds regular orientation sessions for volunteers and prospective volunteers that includes an overview of the organization, its mission, activities, volunteer responsibilities and expectations, safety guidelines, and a tour of the facility
Not Checked:
    Every volunteer carries current health insurance
    Every volunteer is subject to Random Drug Screening

Governing Body:
Board meetings per year:  12
Number of Board Members:  3  Number of Voting Board Members:  3

Board Compensation:
Is Board Chair compensated?  No  Is Treasurer compensated?  No
Are there any other Voting Board Members that are compensated?  Yes
If yes, provide the name, title and responsibility of each VOTING Board member who is compensated:
Alexis Braswell - daughter of Executive Director/Board Chair, works at organization (does receive salary)

Board/Staff Relationships:
Are any members of the Board or Staff related to each other through family or business relationships? Yes
If yes, provide the name, title, responsibility and family/business relationship of each Board and/or Staff member.
Joy and Emmett O'Neal are married. Alexis is Joy's daughter.

Board Affiliations:
Are any Board members or Staff associated with and/or compensated by another organization with a relationship or business affiliation to your organization? Yes
If yes, provide the name, title, responsibility and family/business relationship of each Board and/or Staff member, and the name of the related organization.
The Executive Director owns the property at which the organization conducts its programs, but does not receive any personal compensation for use of the property.

Conflict of Interest:
Does your organization have a written conflict of interest policy and regularly and consistently monitor and enforce compliance with the policy, including requiring officers, directors or trustees, and key employees to disclose annually interests that could give rise to conflicts?  Yes

Disclosure:


Organization documents available on our website:
    Most recent Financials
    Most recent IRS Form 990
    Most recent Annual Report
    Volunteer Handbook

Organization documents available on request:
    Most recent Financials
    Most recent IRS Form 990
    Most recent Annual Report
    Equine Intake Guidelines
    Adoption/Foster Agreement
    Volunteer Handbook
    Employee Handbook
    Bylaws

Financial Reporting:
Month Fiscal Year Ends: 12
Type of Financial Reporting (Audit, Review, Compilation): Audit
Type of IRS Filing (990, 990-EZ, 990-N): 990
Does the uploaded Pro Forma 990/990 represent 2019? No
View The IRS Form 990/Pro Forma 990


EQUINE COSTS

Total Facilities: 1
The Red Barn: 2019 - Yes

Actual Horse Care Costs
$15070     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$18776     Bedding
$23378     Veterinarian
$8325     Farrier
$2489     Dentist
$0     Other Therapies
$6617     Manure Removal
$0     Medications & Supplements
$2550     Horse Transportation
$13740     Maintenance
$0     Horse/Barn Supplies
$0     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$1110     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$92055     2019 Total Horse Care Costs
Donated Horse Care Costs
$0     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$0     Bedding
$0     Veterinarian
$0     Farrier
$0     Dentist
$0     Other Therapies
$0     Manure Removal
$0     Medications & Supplements
$0     Horse Transportation
$0     Maintenance
$0     Horse/Barn Supplies
$0     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$0     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$0     2019 Total Donated Costs

/ The Red Barn: Other costs is the cost of burial for the horses deceased in 2019.

Average direct cost per day per horse: $15
Average total cost per day per horse: $15
Average length of stay for an equine: 265 days (6097/23)


POLICIES

Acquisition
Our organization acquires horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Donation  
    Free Lease  
    Purchase/Adoption from Owner  
    Return  

Our organization does not acquire horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Purchase from auction  
    Purchase kill pen or feedlot  
    Surrender  
    Seizure  
    Abandonment  

Our organization will accept the following:
    Geldings
    Mares

Not Checked:
    Pregnant Mares
    Foals
    Stallions
    Only Stallions to be castrated
Intake, Assessment & Training
Prior to a horse being accepted and/or arriving at the facility, the organization requires the following with respect to the health status of the horse:
    A current Coggins
    Vaccination records that have been administered within the last 12 months
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, the owner is responsible for having vaccinations administered.
Not Checked:
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, our veterinarian will administer appropriate vaccinations

Prior to a horse being accepted and/or arriving at the facility, the organization has the following policies in place:
    The owner of a potential horse is interviewed over the phone or in person prior to seeing the horse
    The horse is evaluated at its place of residence
    The owner completes an application/contract which constitutes the agreement between the owner and our organization
    The owner is financially responsible for the shipping of the horse to and from the organization
    Horses are on trial for 60 or more days
    The trial period may be reduced based on the horse's progress
    During the trial period, the organization accepts total financial responsibility for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care
    The trial period may be terminated by either the organization or the owner for any reason
Not Checked:
    Horses are not taken on trial
    Horses are on trial for up to 30 days
    Horses are on trial up to 60 days
    During the trial period, the organization accepts financial responsibility for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care, up to a fixed amount agreed upon by the organization and the owner
    During the trial period, the owner/donor is financially responsible for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care

Upon intake, the organization has the following quarantine policy in place:
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine at the facility for a prescribed period of time
Not Checked:
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine off-site for a prescribed period of time
    The horse is not quarantined

The typical length of quarantine is:   Up to 10 days

Following arrival of the equine at the facility, the following is performed:
    Physical examination by a veterinarian
    Physical examination by trained barn staff
    Photographs are taken
    A Henneke Body Conditioning Score is assigned
    Physical examination by a farrier
    Physical examination by a dentist
    Coggins test
    Vaccinations
    De-worming
Not Checked:
    Blood work other than Coggins
    Fecal test
    The horse is scanned to check for a microchip
    The horse is microchipped if the scan indicates that there is no microchip

Following arrival at the facility, the horse is assessed for following skills and behaviors:
    Retrieval from a pasture/paddock
    Leading with a halter and lead rope
    Temperament, disposition and attitude, such as rated from very calm to very high spirited
    Saddling
    Bridling
    Lunging
    Mounting and dismounting
    Riding at the walk
    Riding at the trot
    Riding at the canter
    Riding by a beginner and/or unbalanced rider
    Tolerance to unusual objects and loud noises
    Known vices, i.e., cribbing, biting, kicking, weaving, stall walking, etc
    Grooming
    Bathing
    Clipping
    Tolerance to multiple handlers at the same time
Not Checked:
    Loading onto and unloading off a trailer
    Jumping
    Driving (Pulling a carriage)

Horses provided formal training (groundwork or riding):   Daily

Additional information about our intake, assessment & training policies and practices:
While we generally cover all horse expenses during the trial period, exceptions have been made if the previous owner wants to contribute to their care during this time. This is established in the contract prior to accepting the horse on trial.
     
     The owner is typically financially responsible for the shipping of the horse to and from the organization. However, we will occasionally pay for transport depending on the situation.
     
     The veterinarian examination is done prior to signing all appropriate paperwork.


Breeding
The organization has the following policies related to breeding and stallions:
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, does NOT breed horses.
Not Checked:
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, breeds horses
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, are permitted to house stallions
    Our organization prohibits the breeding of horses/equines when re-homed or this statement is not applicable as all horses/equines remain at our organization for their lifetimes and are not re-homed under any circumstances.

Euthanasia
The organization has the following policies related to euthanasia:
    Our organization will never have a horse euthanized for space
    Our organization will never have a healthy horse euthanized under any circumstances
    Our organization may have a horse euthanized after all reasonable treatment options have been explored
    Euthanasia is done on site when possible to decrease trauma from transport
    Disposal of the carcass is handled within 24 hours
Not Checked:
    Our organization may have a healthy horse euthanized if it is a threat to itself, other horses, or people
    Euthanasia is done at the veterinarian's facility

Horses will be euthanized upon the recommendation of:
    Veterinarian
Not Checked:
    Senior staff member without a veterinarian's recommendation
    The Board of Directors, or a member of the Board of Directors, without a veterinarian's recommendation
    Not applicable. The organization does not euthanize horses

The following are authorized to administer the procedure for your organization in accordance with state laws:
    Veterinarian
Not Checked:
    A certified euthanasia technician
    Senior staff with appropriate training
    Employee of animal control shelter or humane society with appropriate training
    Veterinary student under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian
    Not applicable. The organization does not euthanize horses

The organization utilizes the following methods of euthanasia:
    Intravenous administration of an overdose of barbiturates

Rehoming
Our organization has the following re-homing (adoption/purchase) policies and procedures in place:
    All potential adopters/purchasers complete a contract which constitutes the agreement between our organization and the new owner
    Our organization conducts a site visit of the adopter/purchaser's facility before the transfer of the horse to the adopter/purchaser's facility
    Adopters/purchasers are NOT required to provide updates
Not Checked:
    Our organization does NOT re-home a horse to first time horse owners
    Our organization will only re-home a horse to a location where another horse resides
    Potential adopters/purchasers must visit our organization and be observed with the horse on site
    The distance of a potential adopter/purchaser's home from our facility is a consideration for when re-homing a horse
    Potential adopters/purchasers are encouraged to do a short-term, on-site foster with the horse
    Our organization does not re-home horses under any circumstances; our organization retains custody of our horses and ensures care of the horses for their lifetimes.

The uploaded Re-homing agreement includes the following re-homing (adoption/purchase) statements:
*Missing
Our organization requires references from the following:
    Veterinarian
    Farrier
    Personal/Other
Not Checked:
    Not applicable or no references required.

Transfer of ownership occurs:   Immediately (at the time of adoption/purchase)

The average equine re-homing (adoption/purchase) fee received by your organization:
Not applicable; None received

Our organization has the following policies and procedures related to horses that need to be retired, are no longer useful, or are no longer manageable:
    Horses remain at our organization for their lifetimes
    Horses may be found suitable homes by our organization
    Horses may be returned to their owners
    In the case a horse is unsound and/or unhealthy and cannot be treated to relieve suffering, the horse may be euthanized
Not Checked:
    Horses may be sent to auction
    In the case a horse is unmanageable and demonstrates repeated dangerous behaviors, the horse may be euthanized
    If a suitable home cannot be located within 12 months, the horse may be euthanized


Additional information about our rehoming policies and practices:
While we occasionally rehome horses, some of our horses remain at our organization for the duration of their lifetime. Because every horse and situation is unique, our rehoming policies vary to meet the specific needs of that horse. We remain in contact and maintain a positive relationship with all adopters/purchasers to ensure that the horse is happy, healthy, and safe.
View Re-homing Agreement

EQUINE CARE & SHELTER/FACILITY INFORMATION

Total facilities at which our organization cares for and shelters horses used in our programs: 1

The Red Barn
The Red Barn
2700 Bailey Road Leeds AL 35094
Contact: Joy O'Neal
Contact's Phone: 2056998204
Contact's Email: joy@theredbarn.org

Please list all local, state and federal licenses held by the organization, including the expiration dates, or indicate that no licenses are required at the local, state or federal level. Please also list if this facility is accredited and recognized as compliant with the published standards of an accrediting organization, including the name of the organization and the date of the accreditation.
     Yes, we are a PATH Premier Accredited Center.

Does your organization own, lease or use a part of this facility? Lease

Provide the contact information for the individual or organization responsible for investigating abuse in the county where the facility is located, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Greater Birmingham Humane Society 300 Snow Drive Birmingham, AL 35209 Tel: 205-942-1211 Fax: 205-942-1213 Email: contactus@gbhs.org

Other than the animal control authority noted above, provide the contact information for all local, state and/or national authorities with whom your organization engages to address issues impacting horse welfare, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Alabama Horse Council
     P. O. Box 553
     Columbiana, AL 35051
     info@alabamahorsecouncil.org

Does your organization conduct Equine Assisted Services (EAS) at this facility in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS)? Yes

Total number of Equine Assisted Service Providers AT THIS FACILITY, including instructors, specialists, therapists, counselors, coaches and/or facilitators (full-time, part-time, volunteer, independent contractors, and/or providers accompanying clients) that conduct Equine Assisted Services (EAS) in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS) AT THIS FACILITY:  6

Equine Assisted Service Providers Assigned to this Facility: (see Equine Assisted Service Provider Section below for details)

     1. Anne Alan Jemison
     2. Ellen Davis
     3. Jodi Aumann
     4. Lily Caradine
     5. Mary Beth Vaughn
     6. Sylvie Daggett

The Red Barn

Grounds
Total number of horses involved with your programs at this facility: 17
Of the total number of horses involved with your programs at this facility, the number of horses that are microchipped: 0
Total number of horses at this facility INCLUDING those not involved with your programs: 17
Maximum capacity of horses at this facility: 18
Total acreage dedicated specifically to the horses: 15
Our organization has use of the following at this facility:
Structures/Barns: 3  Run-in sheds: 2
Pastures: 10  Paddocks/Pens: 3
Uncovered Outdoor Rings: 2  Covered Outdoor Rings: 0  Indoor Rings: 1







Regarding structures at this facility where horses are stalled:
Do horses have assigned stalls in the structure(s)?    Yes    
Do all stalls/enclosures allow horses to lie down, stand up and turn around?    Yes    
Is there adequate ceiling & beam height (a minimum of 12 feet above the tip of the horse's ear) when standing in all stalls/enclosures?    Yes    
How often are the stalls/enclosures cleaned? 6-7 Days a Week
Are floors constructed and maintained for both good drainage and traction?    Yes    
Is there a ventilation and circulation system in place to control temperature and prevent buildup of toxic gases?    Yes    
Is wiring inaccessible to horses and maintained for safety?    Yes    
Are fire prevention/protection measures (fire alarms, extinguishers and sprinkler systems) maintained and in good working order?     Yes    
Is there adequate lighting to ensure safety in all areas of facility?     Yes    
Are emergency contacts, including veterinarian contact information, conspicuously posted in easily accessible locations?    Yes    
Are human and equine first aid kits easily accessible?     Yes    

How many hours per day, on average, are horses stalled? 9-12
How many hours per day, on average, are horses turned out:
    Horses are out 9 to 15 hours per day

The following describes the pastures at this facility:
    This facility has a written plan in place for pasture management, which includes guidelines for seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, mowing, dragging, harrowing, manure removal, removal of debris, the control of poisonous plants, and a schedule for cleaning
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for pasture management
    All pastures are fenced to prevent escape or injury
    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
    Pastures are rotated
    Pastures have natural protection for horses (i.e., trees)
    Pastures have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have pastures where horses can graze on pasture grass
    Barbed wire is used for fencing
    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked

The following describes the turnout areas other than pastures at this facility:
    This facility has a written plan in place for the maintenance of turnout areas, which includes a schedule for cleaning, manure removal, and dragging
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for the maintenance of turnout areas
    All turnout areas are fenced to prevent escape or injury
    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have turnout areas
    Barbed wire is used for fencing
    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked
    Turnout areas have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)

The following policies and procedures are in place at the facility to restrict public access and to keep horses safe:
    The property owner, staff member or caretaker lives on the premises and ensures that public access is restricted and is responsible for the security of the facility and horses
    No Trespassing signs are posted
    Hold Harmless signs are posted
    Authorized Personnel Only signs are posted
    Entrance gates are locked at night
    Visitors are only permitted at specific times
    Visitors are only permitted in specific areas
    The property is fitted with motion lights
    The property is fitted with a security system that is monitored internally by staff (or the property owner)
Not Checked:
    A security guard is present at night
    Horses are checked overnight
    By Appointment Only signs are posted.
    The property is fitted with a security system monitored by police or a professional service
    The perimeter of the property is fully fenced

The Red Barn

Veterinarian Information
Vet Assessment  conducted on 04/08/2020
Veterinarian: Dr. Kristin Varga
Clinic Name: Southern Equine Services, PC
2202 County Road 61
Columbiana   AL   35051
Phone: 2056699118

Equine Care
Horse Health Care/Barn Management Records: What system is used to collect and store health/horse care records?
    Notebook or equivalent (technology not utilized)
    Onsite computer with onsite backup storage system
    Onsite computer with cloud-based backup storage system

The following items are consistent with our feed management plan and practices:
    Horses are provided with individualized feeding plans, including supplements, according to age and any health issues
    Feed plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Supplement plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Horses are fed in individual stalls
    Staff and volunteers are trained in proper feed measurements and protocols and observed periodically to ensure they are feeding correctly
    The feed chart is centrally located and updated as needed
    The area(s) where hay, feed, grain, and supplements are stored are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals in rodent-proof and mold-proof containers and grain bins
    Feed, supplements and hay types are clearly labeled
    Water sources, i.e., buckets, troughs, automatic waterers, etc. are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals
    Medications are kept in a locked, climate-controlled area
Not Checked:
    Horses are fed in groups

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to the ongoing assessment of horses in its care:
    Horses are assigned a Henneke Body Condition score upon arrival at the facility
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated annually
    Photographs are taken of each horse upon arrival at the facility and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse annually and kept with the horse's health records
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine chiropractor
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine acupuncturist
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine massage therapist
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine nutritionist
Not Checked:
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated monthly
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated with each visit by the veterinarian
    Photographs are taken of each horse monthly and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse with each visit by the veterinarian and kept with the horse's health records

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to the weight-carrying or workload capabilities of horses/equines in our care:
    Our organization evaluates the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine at least annually
    Our organization maintains a written record for each equine that documents the results of each evaluation of weight-carrying and workload limitations
Not Checked:
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable

The following variables are considered in determining the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine:
    Equine age, weight, breed, body condition, fitness, balance, health and soundness
    Equine conformation to include the top line, length of back, strength and width of loin, bone density (measured by the circumference of the cannon bone just below the knee)
    Size, shape, condition and angle of the hooves
    Participant weight, height, body proportions, balance, fitness and riding skills as well as behavioral issues and safety concerns
    Weight and proper fit of the saddle and other equipment
    Terrain and footing in the working environment
    Duration and frequency of working sessions, as the frequency with which an equine is subjected to maximum weight carrying and/or workload
    Nature and pace of work, repetitive or varied, radius of turns, degree of incline and regularity of footing when equine is subject to maximum weight-carrying capacity
Not Checked:
    Temperature and/or weather conditions
    Seasonal impact on the equines' workload and weight-carrying capabilities and limitations
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable

Do horses have access to clean drinking water at all times?     Yes    

Hoof Care: How often is hoof care provided for each horse? Every 4-8 weeks and when an issue arises

Dental Care: How often is dental care provided for each horse? Annually and when an issue arises

Physical Examinations: How often is each horse given a physical exam by a veterinarian? Annually and when an issue arises

Horse checks: How often are horses visually and physically checked by personnel at the facility? Every day or 6 days a week

Parasite Control: Our organization has the following worming protocols in place: (Check all that apply
    The protocol for each horse is determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    A de-wormer is used without fecal testing

Fly/Insect Control: What remedies are used to control flies and insects?
    Fly Traps and Tapes
    Premise Sprays/Insecticides
    Fly Spray Repellent
    Fly Masks
    Fly Sheets
    Fans

The following represent the biosecurity practices in place at facility:
    All staff are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    A specific individual is assigned to care for sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cared for last if the caretaker must also care for healthy horses
    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses do not have contact with other horses or other animals
    Restricted access signs are posted at primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Hand sanitizers and footbaths are available at all primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Manure and bedding from sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is disposed of in specific areas designated for infectious materials - not put in open air piles, and not spread on pastures
    Stalls, aisle ways, and common areas are disinfected after conclusion of the quarantine
    Horse trailers/vans used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cleaned and disinfected after each use and cleaning takes place away from where horses are sheltered
    Horse-specific equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is not shared and is clearly labeled
    Shared equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is cleaned of organic debris and disinfected after each use
    Latex gloves are worn when working with sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Personnel are required to leave the facility (or shower and change clothing) after working with quarantined horses
Not Checked:
    Our organization follows the AAEP's Biosecurity Guidelines and/or the UC Davis Biosecurity Guidelines
    The organization has a written biosecurity plan
    All volunteers are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    Horses/equines are not quarantined.

The following represent the manure removal practices in place at facility:
    Manure is stored in dumpster(s)
    Manure piles are covered
    Manure is hauled, sold or given away
    Our organization adheres to the manure management guidelines set by state and/or local authorities
Not Checked:
    Manure is piled in an area where horses are not located
    Manure piles are composted or spread on pastures

The following steps are taken to help staff and volunteers readily identify each horse on the property::
    Horses are assigned the same stall/location each day
    Name plates are located on the stall
    Photos are located on the stall
    Horses wear halters with nametags
    A notebook or binder with photos and information on each horse is easily accessible
    A map/diagram is posted showing the location of each horse with horse names and photos
    Horse photos and profiles are available on the website
    Staff/volunteers are provided training on confirmation, markings, colors, and breeds
    Team leaders work with new staff/volunteers until they are able to identify the horses
Not Checked:
    Staff and volunteers are provided with an information packet with horse profiles, including photos and detailed descriptions

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to tack, apparel and equipment:
     All horses have specifically assigned tack, apparel and equipment that is not shared
    Saddle pads are shared
    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are fitted and utilized for each horse appropriate to the horse's needs and the weather conditions
    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are cleaned regularly as needed
    Tack is cleaned weekly
    Tack is inspected for overall working condition before each use by trained personnel
    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's body condition changes
    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's disposition changes
    Assigned tack is clearly labeled
    Tack is stored in a climate-controlled location
    Helmets are shared
    Helmets are cleaned/disinfected after each use
    Helmets are replaced after a fall
    Helmets are replaced at least every five years.
Not Checked:
    Saddles are shared
    Bridles are shared
    Bits are shared
    Blankets are shared
    Sheets are shared
    Turnout apparel is shared
     Halters are shared
    Tack is cleaned after each use
    Tack is cleaned only when needed
    Tack is assessed for fit before each use by trained personnel
    This facility enlists the services of a professional saddle fitter at least once a year
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable.


Emergency Preparedness
The following plans, policies, and procedures are in place at the facility to handle emergencies and address weather related issues, fire safety procedures, and/or any additional hazardous scenarios the facility could potentially experience:
    Emergency procedures are posted prominently
    Emergency phone numbers are posted prominently
    The facility owns or has access to a generator
    The facility maintains at least two weeks of hay, feed, shavings and medications
    The facility collects and maintains medical information from staff, volunteers, and clients
    The facility maintains appropriate liability and/or workers' compensation insurance
    All staff/volunteers are briefed regularly on emergency preparedness/safety procedures
    The organization has a written emergency preparedness/safety plan (EPP)
Not Checked:

The written EPP addresses the following areas:
    Local fire department and/or the state's emergency planning department procedures
    Medical emergencies for clients, staff, and volunteers
    Medical emergencies for horses
    Evacuation plans
    Power outages
    Fire
    Natural Disasters - thunderstorm, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornados, etc
    Protocols to notify emergency personnel
    Building/facility exit plans
Not Checked:
    Terrorist attacks

The facility follows the specific procedures to help PREVENT emergency situations:
    Smoking is strictly prohibited
    NO SMOKING signs are posted prominently
    Hay is stored away from permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled
    Permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled are kept free of dust, cobwebs, trash, cleaning rags, and other flammable items
    Aisles and doorways are kept clear
    Heaters with automatic shutoff settings are used
Not Checked:

How often are the following checked or performed?
Fire Extinguishers are checked: Monthly
Smoke detectors are checked: Monthly
Electrical Systems are checked: Monthly
Fence lines are checked: Weekly
Turnout Areas are checked: Weekly
Sprinkler systems are checked: Monthly
Fire drills are conducted: Semi-annually
Review of safety protocols with staff are conducted: Quarterly
Review of safety protocols with volunteers are conducted: Semi-annually
The Emergency Preparedness Plan is reviewed and updated: Annually

Equine Transportation
2-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  1 Access offsite;
3-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
4-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  1 Access offsite;
6-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
8-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  1 Access offsite;
10-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;


Equine Assisted Services (EAS)
         
2019 EAS Operations Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Horses/Equines participating in EAS programs at this facility        
Number of horses/equines aged 3-8 0 0 0 0
Number of horses/equines aged 9-14 0 0 5 5
Number of horses/equines aged 15-20 0 0 8 8
Number of horses/equines Over 20 0 0 5 5
Total number of horses/equines participating in EAS programs at this facility 0 0 18 18
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of hours per day each horse works 1 1  
Number of days per week each horse works 4 4  
         
Clients participating in EAS programs at this facility Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Total number of individual clients (not lessons) served annually 30 716 75 821
Average number of clients (not lessons) participating in activities per week 15 60 25 100
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of days per week programs are conducted at this facility 6 0  
Number of weeks per year programs are conducted at this facility 34 3  
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Average wait list time for a client 12 Months 12 Months  
         

Additional explanation: The weather in south Alabama is not conducive to year-round activities - however, we are open 7 days a week, 52 weeks a year, because of caring for the horses. We usually pick one day a week to not offer programs so that we can get caught up. This day can vary from term to term. We run our riding programs in four terms (usually around 8-9 weeks). We have a winter term, a spring term, a summer term, and a fall term. In between these terms, inclusive camps are offered for wait list students as well as our regular riding program students. The unmounted programs vary and tend to be offered more in the summer and over school holidays than when we are in riding terms. The weeks of "down-time" are used to complete necessary administrative tasks, instructor training clinics, and property maintenance tasks. During 2019, we conducted 4,134 lessons consisting of: Mounted: Occupational Therapy–178, Riding-Private -763; and Riding–Group –158; and Unmounted: Job Skills (formal)-197, Chores-102, Educational Class-929, Horsemanship-114, One Time-1602, Other-33, Evaluation-59.



EQUINE ASSISTED SERVICE PROVIDERS


Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
Our organization provides the following Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
    Therapeutic Mounted Services
    Therapeutic Unmounted Services
    Equine-Assisted Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy/Speech-Language Pathology
Not Checked:
    Therapeutic Driving Services
    Therapeutic Vaulting Services
    Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Academic Learning
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Personal and/or Professional Development

6: Total number of Equine Assisted Service Providers at The Red Barn
     1. Anne Alan Jemison

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         The Red Barn

         RELATIONSHIP: Independent Contractor

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Mounted Services

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Anne Alan is a PATH certified riding instructor.


     2. Ellen Davis

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         The Red Barn

         RELATIONSHIP: Employee

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Mounted Services

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         Equine-Assisted Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy/Speech-Language Pathology

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Ellen is an occupational therapist, as well as a hippotherapy clinical specialist. In 2019, she completed training in EFL with the HERD Institute. HERD training included philosophical, theoretical, and experiential process of incorporating equines into family and group relationships.


     3. Jodi Aumann

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         The Red Barn

         RELATIONSHIP: Employee

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Jodi has EFMHL from PATH.


     4. Lily Caradine

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         The Red Barn

         RELATIONSHIP: Employee

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Mounted Services

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship certification in 2018


     5. Mary Beth Vaughn

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         The Red Barn

         RELATIONSHIP: Employee

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Mounted Services

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         MaryBeth has a degree in Animal Science and a focus in Equine science. She is continuing to work towards becoming a PATH certified instructor.


     6. Sylvie Daggett

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         The Red Barn

         RELATIONSHIP: Employee

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Therapeutic Mounted Services

         Therapeutic Unmounted Services

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         Sylvie is a PATH certified riding instructor.



EQUINE CENSUS SUMMARY

Total Facilities: 1
The Red Barn: 2019 - Yes

17 Total number of horses involved with your programs on January 1, 2019
PLUS: Horse Intake during 2019
3 Donated
2 Free Lease
1 Purchase/Adoption from Owner
0 Purchased from Auction
0 Purchased from Kill Pen/Feedlot
0 Surrendered
0 Seized
0 Abandoned
0 Returned
0 Transfer
0 Born at facility
6 Total intakes
LESS: Horse Departure during 2019
0 Horses adopted/sold:
1 Horses transferred/returned
0 Horses deceased
4 Horses euthanized
5 Total departures
18 Number of horses involved with your programs on December 31, 2019
18 Total number of active horses (not retired) including
horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.
0 Total number of horses permanently retired.

Summary: 17 on 1/1/2019+ 6 Intakes - 5 Departures = 18 on 12/31/2019

Total days that equines were in the care of Red Barn Foundation AKA The Red Barn during 2019: 6097


2019 The Red Barn Equine Census
17 Total number of horses involved with your programs on January 1, 2019
PLUS: Horse Intake during 2019
3 Donated
2 Free Lease
1 Purchase/Adoption from Owner
0 Purchased from Auction
0 Purchased from Kill Pen/Feedlot
0 Surrendered
0 Seized
0 Abandoned
0 Returned
0 Transfer
0 Born at facility
6 Total intakes
LESS: Horse Departure during 2019
0 Horses adopted/sold:
1 Horses transferred/returned
0 Horses deceased
4 Horses euthanized
5 Total departures
18 Number of horses involved with your programs on December 31, 2019
18 Total number of active horses (not retired) including
horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.
0 Total number of horses permanently retired.

Summary: 17 on 1/1/2019+ 6 Intakes - 5 Departures = 18 on 12/31/2019



6 Horse Intake Detail during 2019 0
3 Donated 0
1Quarter Horse1 Aged 10-14  1 Geldings
1Thoroughbred1 Aged 15-20  1 Geldings
1Warm Blood1 Aged 15-20  1 Geldings
2 Free Leased 0
1Appaloosa 1 Aged 15-20  1 Mares
1Quarter Horse 1 Aged 10-14  1 Mares
1 Purchased from Owner 0
1Grade/Mixed Breed/Unknown1 Aged 15-20  1 Geldings
0 Purchased from Auction 0
0 Purchased from Kill Pen/Feedlot 0
0 Surrendered 0
0 Seized 0
0 Abandoned 0
0 Returned 0
0 Transferred 0
0 Born at facility 0







Definitions:
Donated: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a donation document.
Free Lease: The ownership of the equine is maintained by the owner/trainer/responsible agent; the custody and responsibility for the shelter and care of the equine is transferred to the organization utilizing a free lease document.
Purchased from Owner: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a purchase document.
Purchased from Auction: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by purchasing the equine at an auction.
Purchased from Kill Pen: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by purchasing the equine from a kill pen.
Surrendered (Hardship): The ownership and custody of the equine is relinquished to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent with or without the use of an intake document.
Seized: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization as a result of the equine being seized by law enforcement or another agency and removed from the owner.
Abandoned: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization as a result of the equine being abandoned by the owner or the owner was unable to be located.
Returned: The equine was previously a part of the organization, was adopted, and ownership and custody of the equine has been transferred back to the organization.
Transferred: The custody of the equine is transferred within an organization or from one organization to another non-profit or foster organization to provide retirement, retraining, rehabilitation and/or adoption services with no change in ownership.
Born: The equine was born at the facility.

Foal: An equine up to one year old; a colt is a male foal and a filly is a female foal.
Mare: A female equine.
Stallion: A male equine that has not been castrated.
Gelding: A castrated male equine.

Equine Assisted Services (EAS): Any activity that incorporates equine interactions and/or the equine environment, mounted or unmounted, to include 1) psychotherapy and/or mental health counseling aimed at achieving goals set forth by the licensed mental health professional and the client, 2) occupational therapy, physical therapy, and speech-language pathology treatment strategies utilizing equine movement set forth by the licensed therapist and the client, 3) horsemanship instruction adapted to the ability/disability of those receiving services, for the puropse of contributing positively to their cognitive, physical, emotional and social well-being conducted by a certified professional, and 4) experiential learning approaches that promote the development of life skills to achieve educational, professional and personal goals conducted by a licensed educator, mental health professional or coach. Please refer to our Guidelines for Conducting EAS for additional information.

Special Needs: Any difficulty or difficulties (such as a physical, emotional, behavioral, or cognitive disability or impairment) that require or benefit from instructors, specialists, counselors, trainers and/or facilitators who have certified training for their scope of practice applicable to the people participating in the programs and specific to the program offerings. The difficulty may not be limited to a health issue but may result from the interaction between the individual and the society in which he or she lives arising from an abusive or unhealthy environment or situation and/or a lack of resources, including economic resources, placing them at risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes.

At-Risk: Refers to being at-risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes. Youth are considered at-risk for a number of reasons, such as if they are homeless or transient, involved in drugs or alcohol, abused sexually, physically or emotionally, mentally ill, neglected at home or live in stressful family environments, lacking social or emotional supports, and involved with delinquent peers. At-Risk youth are likely to be involved in a number of risky behaviors, such as running away, skipping school, drinking underage, engaging in sexual behavior, displaying disruptive behavior, bullying/harassment, fighting, and committing acts of vandalism.

Community Outreach: Refers to activities and public education programs aimed at educating the public about the horse-human bond, issues impacting the welfare of horses, and how horses change lives. This could include, but is not limited to, any activity OTHER THAN Equine Assisted Services (EAS) that require a credentialed service provider, such as off site visits from horses, on site tours, seminars and clinics, camps, community service hours, able-bodied mounted and unmounted lessons, etc.