Equine Welfare Network Guardian
2019

Bridle Paths
EQUINE WELFARE NETWORK GUARDIAN PROFILE
Last Updated: 06/12/2019

We are proud to be an EQUUS Foundation 2019 Guardian and share our horse care & use practices with the public.

MISSION & PROGRAMS

Our organization provides equine-assisted activities and/or therapies (EAAT) for individuals with special needs using instructors, specialists, therapists, counselors, trainers and/or facilitators (full-time, part-time, independent contractors, and/or service providers) who have certified training applicable for people with special needs and specific to the program offerings - either on staff or accompanying clients when participating in our programs.
Our organization does not provide community outreach and/or public education programs involving horses.

100% of our total programs and services are horse-related.

Number of facilities/locations where horses used in our programs are HOUSED AND CARED for:
     1. Bridle Paths

Our organization does not use foster facilities

Mission:
The mission of Bridle Paths is to offer strength, support, and healing to individuals and families through safe, effective, and high-quality equine-assisted activities and therapies. We provide therapeutic horseback riding instruction, equine-assisted learning, and equine-assisted psychotherapy services to individuals and families faced with physical, cognitive, psychological, and emotional needs.

Summary of organization's goals, strategies to achieve the goals, accomplishments, and capabilities to meet the goals, including its long-term plans to sustain its programs:
Bridle Paths' three primary short-term goals include the following: (1) Expanding our equine-assisted learning programs to include more vocational and skills training opportunities in areas related to the operations and activities of Bridle Paths, including those in the technology, administration and fundraising, and barn management aspects of the program. We have received a grant award from Autism Speaks to support this initiative. (2) Developing sustainable programs for veterans, service members, and their families, to satisfy a growing demand in our area for trauma-informed and relationship-focused services that build community and connection. We are in discussions with military medical centers to build upon the pilot program conducted in 2018. (3) Increasing revenues by at least 20 percent over 2018, for two primary purposes: to build our operating revenues to care for our horses and meet ongoing expenses; and to identify grant, corporate, and community resources to support specific program initiatives. Over the next 3-5 years, Bridle Paths seeks to strengthen the sustainability and accessibility of our programs.
     
     Bridle Paths aims to become a preeminent center for the provision of emotionally-attuned and relationship-focused equine-assisted activities and therapies by continuing to enhance our unique range of therapeutic riding, equine-assisted learning, and equine-assisted psychotherapy services. We will pursue this goal in the following ways: (1) We will continue to partner with organizations such as Brain Injury Services, Hire Autism, military medical centers, and other comparable local organizations to design and deliver programs that meet client needs. Additionally, we plan to improve our ability to deliver high-quality services by working toward center accreditation by PATH, Intl. and designation as an EAGALA Military Services Provider, which will afford access to national member organization resources to support our work with military families. (2) We will build and enhance our technology resources, donor relations, and marketing and communications capabilities to streamline our outreach to and engagement with potential clients, volunteers, and donors, and to better document the impact and efficacy of our programs.
     
     Bridle Paths provided more than 700 mounted and unmounted client sessions in 2018, supported by nine program horses. We continued our collaboration with the nonprofit Brain Injury Services to provide eight-week sessions in which participants engaged in unmounted and mounted activities to mitigate the physical, cognitive, and emotional challenges associated with traumatic brain injuries. We presented this program at the 2018 PATH, Intl. conference, and that presentation was recorded for future educational purposes. This project was adapted for a military population with a pilot program for VAMC Martinsburg in 2018, and for clients from other military medical facilities as well. The verbal and written feedback that we've received from group participants highlighted the community, confidence, and freedom they experienced while working with the horses, and reported significant amelioration of anxiety levels. The veterans reported: (1) cognitive improvements in memory and recall, attention and focus, and safety awareness; (2) improvements in relationships (including effects on communication and trust); and (3) relevance to activities of daily living. We provided more than 50 sessions for veterans, service members and their families, including weekly sessions, visits arranged through veteran service organizations, and series for military medical facilities. We continued to provide these services free of charge with donor support. Total volunteer hours contributed during 2018 increased to more than 6,500.
     
     For the past two years, Bridle Paths has partnered with Brain Injury Services to provide equine-assisted learning groups to survivors of traumatic brain injury. This project has received support from the J. Field Foundation (2018) and the Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation (2019). Bridle Paths was the first program in the country to host a Psychodynamic Equine-Assisted Trauma Therapy workshop with Ilka Parent of Germany, with participants attending from all over the country and Australia, Canada, and Germany. Bridle Paths was recognized by BENEFIT Live with a $1,000 grant in 2018, and president Kathleen Fallon was selected for a profile in the Loudoun 100 initiative. Bridle Paths was recognized by the Organization for Autism Research for our support as a business partner of Hire Autism and its mission to employ individuals with autism. Program horse Admiral received the Klinger Award for Honor and Service, presented at the Washington International Horse Show in 2017, for his work with military families. Program horse Elmo received an Honorable Mention in the 2018 Platinum Performance Horse Welfare Awards.
     
     Our client testimonials speak the loudest regarding the impact and importance of the services that we provide:
     
      I cannot thank you and Bridle Paths enough…. working with you and your horses has changed [my family's] life!...I will never forget you telling me that I have to be myself around the horses and I cannot hide my emotions… that was such a great thing to experience for my grief, to be accepted by [my horse] the way I am, sometimes broken, sometimes sad, sometimes defeated, excited, happy, strong…. thank you for giving me a place to be me and honestly learn to be comfortable with the new me and all the emotions that come with my PTSD... (Veteran and family, November 2018)
     
     I am so grateful to [Bridle Paths] for giving me this piece of my confidence back...that helped me trust the process to make it back to where I needed to be. (Traumatic brain injury survivor, June 2018)
     
     Bridle Paths has been instrumental in reducing anxiety for my 21-yr old son with autism...His success [there] carries over to the rest of his life...We remind him that he had a welcoming and compassionate place where he belongs. (Parent, December 2018)

Equine Assisted Activities and Therapies (EAAT):
Our organization provides the following equine-assisted activities and/or therapies (EAAT):
    Equine Experiential Learning
    Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)
    Therapeutic Riding (Adaptive Riding)
Not Checked:
    Occupational Therapy, Physical Therapy, Speech-Language Pathology
    Interactive Vaulting
    Therapeutic Driving

Our organization provides services for the following specific populations:
Children (10 & Under)
Tweens (11-12)
Teens (13-18)
Young Adults (19-21)
Adults (Over 21)
Seniors (65-79)
Elderly (80 & Over)
Veterans
At-Risk Youth

Our organization provides services to individuals with:
Alzheimers/Dementia, Arthritis, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Autism, Behavioral disorders, Cerebral palsy, Chronic illness, Cognitive disabilities, Development delay or disability, Down Syndrome, Emotional disabilities, Epilepsy, Genetic conditions/disorders, Grief, Head Trauma/Brain Injury, Intellectual disability, Learning disabilities, Mental health disabilities, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), Physical disabilities, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Speech impairment, Stroke, Substance abuse/addiction, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Overview of our programs involved with providing EAAT to individuals with special needs:
     THERAPEUTIC RIDING programs at Bridle Paths offer adapted riding instruction to children and adults with physical, cognitive, behavioral, and emotional needs. In addition to mounted instruction, lessons incorporate groundwork in horse care and horsemanship. Our therapeutic equines are carefully chosen for their temperament, training, and quality of movement, and each lesson is staffed with a certified instructor and trained and committed volunteers to conduct lessons safely. Most of our therapeutic riding clients participate in weekly private lessons that are an hour in length and include both unmounted and mounted components.
     
     EQUINE ASSISTED PSYCHOTHERAPY (EAP) is an experiential therapeutic approach that addresses treatment goals using collaborative efforts among a horse professional, licensed therapist, the horse, and the client. Each client-driven session includes hands-on activities with the horses, as well as processing (discussion) of feelings, behaviors, and patterns designed to enable clients to learn about themselves and others. Clients interact with the horses on the ground and use nonverbal communication, problem solving, and creative thinking to address a variety of mental health and developmental issues. The EAP process is solution-focused and is considered a short-term or "brief" approach designed to activate the client's own healing resources. EAP sessions with private clients are scheduled primarily on Wednesday of each week; precise schedules are determined by client needs and availability and the schedules of referring mental health providers. We are proud to partner with the Gil Institute for Trauma Recovery and Education (GITRE) to offer the HEARTS (Hope Through Equine Assisted Recovery and Therapy Services) program, and with Beth Ratchford, LCSW, and other well-qualified local professionals in providing equine-assisted psychotherapy services to children and adults facing experiences of trauma.
     
     EQUINE ASSISTED LEARNING offers opportunities for clients to engage in hands-on learning opportunities with our horses, and to explore the connections that can be made between horses and humans. These sessions include both unmounted and mounted aspects, and focus on communication, relationship, boundaries, and trust. These sessions are especially appropriate and effective for clients with emotional, social, or behavioral challenges; working with horses can help clients to improve their attention and focus, reduce anxiety, increase self-esteem, and improve social skills. Through herd observations, hands-on grooming, and horse care activities, group participants address challenges related to sensory integration, planning, sequencing, and attention. A consistent framework and progression of skills, reinforced through directed individual and group activities on the ground each week, helps participants to enhance self-awareness, communication, and emotional regulation. The series culminates in mounted sessions during which participants draw upon the abilities and strengths that they cultivated in the program to prepare their horses and support one another in engaging in mounted activities.
     
     MILITARY SERVICES are provided to veterans, service members, and their families at no cost to them. We recognize that the population of military families in this area is large and growing, and that trauma-informed mental health and related services and family support are underserved needs at this time. Through mounted and unmounted programs, we offer a safe and supportive environment in which clients can be honest and authentic, think clearly about their challenges, and achieve growth, learning, and healing. Horses are uniquely suited to helping individuals and families address challenges. Horses are prey animals, acutely attuned to their environments and to nonverbal communication, and they live and engage in a herd environment that offers safety and community. Although difficult emotions (such as anxiety, distrust, and perhaps even fear) can arise when working with horses, those emotions can be processed in a safe way, working with the horses and with trained professional staff. Families can employ problem-solving skills to address issues relating to boundaries, relationships, leadership, and communication, and then can proceed to learning new skills, finding trust, and taking responsible risks with the horses. These skills translate directly to experiences outside the barn environment, and enable families to reconnect and relate in a different way. Military services currently are scheduled upon referral by a public or private organization or through self-referral by a veteran or service member.

At a time when equestrian sports are under pressure to protect horses while making those sports more accessible, so too must all equine organizations ensure that horses are treated humanely when interacting with people with and without special needs. Our organization takes the following steps to ensure that horses are benefiting from their interactions with people:
     It is our premise at Bridle Paths that our program is only as safe and effective as our horses are happy, healthy, and comfortable. For that reason, we are vigilant to ensure that each horse receives the care, training, and support that he or she needs to participate willingly in the programs that Bridle Paths offers.
     
     We recognize that equine-assisted activities and therapies can be extremely stressful for horses, insofar as the horses regularly interact with clients who can be unpredictable and unbalanced. Further, we know that many of our horses come to us as a second or even a third career, and that they may have physical limitations such as arthritis, visual impairments, ulcers, and dentition issues. For these reasons, we maintain each horse on a regular program of veterinary and farrier care (including medications, supplements, and alternative therapies when necessary), as well as dental care and regular evaluations of tack fit, to ensure that each horse can engage in mounted work as comfortably as possible. We are hosting two Masterson Method Equine Specialist bodywork sessions, and have received training in this method to help our horses to release tension in their bodies in a relaxed way. We support our clients in sharing this work with the horses. Our feeding program takes account of tooth wear, ulcers, and possible endocrine issues.
     
     Program staff and volunteers participate in twice-weekly lessons with a former advanced level eventer who has designed a schooling and conditioning program that is specific to each horse's physical condition and limitations, training, and enrichment. The horses take hacks around the property, jump, do dressage, long line, and longe with experienced riders and horse handlers to maintain their strength, balance, and flexibility, and to provide a counterpoint to the work they do with our special needs clients.
     
     We also recognize that horses may struggle to engage with our clients, volunteers, and visitors, because many people are unaware of the nature of horses as sentient beings. People often think of doing "to" horses, rather than doing "with" them as partners, particularly in the competition venues from which our horses often come. Therefore, we are diligent in sensitizing and educating clients, volunteers, and visitors alike to the nature of horses as prey animals and herd animals, and in training everyone to work with the horses in an attuned, quiet, and respectful manner. Safety is enhanced as people become proficient in reading the horses' subtle cues, thereby precluding the need for the horses to communicate more "loudly" by kicking, biting, bucking, rearing, etc. Each of our weekly clients spends time on the ground with his or her horse, grooming and tacking and noticing how the horses is doing on that particular day; in some cases, clients may opt not to ride at all, rather engaging in some sort of groundwork with the horses.
     
     In training volunteers and working with clients, we emphasize the fact that each horse is an individual, with his or her unique temperament and experiences. Not every horse is required to do every job in the program. Certain horses can move easily among the therapeutic riding, equine-assisted learning, and equine-assisted psychotherapy aspects of the program (and in fact, they sometimes seem to enjoy this "cross training.") However, a few of our horses find the under saddle work to be difficult, because of previous bad experiences with riders or heightened reactivity to outside stimuli. These horses work almost exclusively in the groundwork parts of the program, such as equine-assisted psychotherapy; two of our horses work particularly well with clients with experiences of trauma and substance use disorders because of their reactivity and sensitivity. We know that this emotional "heavy lifting" can be challenging for a horse to handle, so we are scrupulous about debriefing our equine partners with a good scratch or groom, an opportunity to roll or run in the arena, or a return to the stall for some quiet time. Some horses have indicated clearly that they cannot work in two psychotherapy sessions in one day, and we honor that request.
     
     As noted elsewhere in this document, the Bridle Paths program provides emotionally-attuned services with a focus on relationship, communication, connection, and trust. The relationship with the horse provides clients with a rare opportunity to come as they are, and to be who they are, without judgment or expectation. On occasion, horses that enter the program demonstrate challenges other than the physical; for example, they may be highly sensitive and reactive on the ground or under saddle, or they might be shut down and wary of engaging with people. Especially for our clients who have experienced trauma, interacting with these types of horses can externalize and normalize some of their personal challenges. We encourage our clients to be curious about the information the horse shares, and we teach techniques and skills that can help to settle and soothe these more fractious horses. As these clients feel more grounded and stabilized, they can begin to engage with their horses and with their environments in a more authentic and empowered way.


DEFINITIONS:
Equine Assisted Activities and Therapies (EAAT): Any activity that incorporates equine interactions and/or the equine environment, mounted or ground-based, including horsemanship instruction aimed at contributing positively to the cognitive, physical, emotional and social well-being of individuals with special needs, psychotherapy and/or mental health counseling aimed at achieving goals set forth by the mental health professional and the client, occupational therapy, physical therapy, and speech-language pathology treatment strategies that utilize equine movement, and experiential learning approaches that promote the development of life skills for educational, professional and personal goals.

Special Needs: Any difficulty or difficulties (such as a physical, emotional, behavioral, or learning disability or impairment) that require or benefit from assistance and support from certified specialists, therapists, counselors, instructors, trainers and/or facilitators. The difficulty may not be limited to a health issue but may result from the interaction between the individual and the society in which he or she lives arising from an abusive or unhealthy environment and a lack of resources, including economic resources, which can impact an individual's ability to successfully transition into adulthood and being at-risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes.

At-Risk: Refers to being at-risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes. Youth are considered at-risk for a number of reasons, such as if they are homeless or transient, involved in drugs or alcohol, abused sexually, physically or emotionally, mentally ill, neglected at home or live in stressful family environments, lacking social or emotional supports, and involved with delinquent peers. At-Risk youth are likely to be involved in a number of risky behaviors, such as running away, skipping school, drinking under age, engaging in sexual behavior, displaying disruptive behavior, bullying/harassment, fighting, and committing acts of vandalism.


GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT & CONFLICT OF INTEREST

Staff & Volunteers:
Chief Staff Officer (CSO):  Kathleen Fallon
Employees:   Full-Time:  0  Part-Time:  0  Volunteers:  40

Staff Recruitment, Screening and Training processes:
    Not applicable; We do not have paid staff
    One or more staff members are trained in CPR and human first aid
    One or more staff members are trained in equine first aid

Volunteer Recruitment, Screening and Training processes:
    Prospective volunteers complete a written application
    Prospective volunteers must provide in writing if they have ever been convicted of a felony, convicted of a sexual offense, or convicted for animal cruelty or neglect
    Every volunteer is required to complete a Liability Release/Hold Harmless Agreement
    Every volunteer is required to provide Emergency Medical Information
    Every volunteer is required to sign a Photo Release
    Every volunteer provides parent/guardian information if applicable
    Every volunteer has a written job description
    Every volunteer is evaluated on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in their job description
    Every volunteer is updated on all the organization's policies and procedures on a annual and as needed basis or with any change in policy or procedure
    Every volunteer receives training that includes safety guidelines, confidentiality, horse handling, horse identification, and emergency procedures; additional training is job specific
    Every volunteer is assigned a supervisor (staff member and/or senior volunteer) and is responsible for keeping their supervisor up to date on work related activities
    The supervisor assesses the volunteer's abilities and assigns specific duties to the volunteer based on their skills
    The organization records and maintains written attendance information and hours on every volunteer
    The organization provides a Volunteer Handbook to every volunteer
    The Volunteer Handbook includes volunteer-related information, such as hours of work, dress code, cell phone usage, and the protocol for dismissal
    The Volunteer Handbook is reviewed annually and updated
    The organization holds regular orientation sessions for volunteers and prospective volunteers that includes an overview of the organization, its mission, activities, volunteer responsibilities and expectations, safety guidelines, and a tour of the facility
Not Checked:
    Every volunteer is required to undergo a Background Check and Random Drug Screening
    Every volunteer carries current health insurance

Governing Body:
Board meetings per year:  6
Number of Board Members:  7  Number of Voting Board Members:  7

Board Compensation:
Is Board Chair compensated?  No  Is Treasurer compensated?  No
Are there any other Voting Board Members that are compensated?  No

Board/Staff Relationships:
Are any members of the Board or Staff related to each other through family or business relationships? No

Board Affiliations:
Are any Board members or Staff associated with and/or compensated by another organization with a relationship or business affiliation to your organization? No

Conflict of Interest:
Does your organization have a written conflict of interest policy and regularly and consistently monitor and enforce compliance with the policy, including requiring officers, directors or trustees, and key employees to disclose annually interests that could give rise to conflicts?  Yes

Organization documents available on our website:
    Volunteer Handbook

Organization documents available on request:
    Most recent Financials
    Most recent IRS Form 990
    Most recent Annual Report
    Equine Intake Guidelines
    Volunteer Handbook
    Bylaws

Financial Reporting:
Month Fiscal Year Ends: 12
Type of Financial Reporting (Audit, Review, Compilation): Review
Type of IRS Filing (990, 990-EZ, 990-N): 990-EZ
Does the uploaded Pro Forma 990/990 represent 2018? No
View The IRS Form 990/Pro Forma 990

POLICIES

Acquisition
Our organization acquires horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Donation  
    Free Lease  
    Purchase/Adoption from Owner  

Our organization does not acquire horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Purchase from auction, kill pen or feedlot  
    Return  
    Surrender  
    Seizure  
    Abandonment  

Our organization will accept the following:
    Geldings
    Mares

Not Checked:
    Pregnant Mares
    Foals
    Stallions
    Only Stallions to be castrated
Definitions:
Donated: The ownership and custody of the horse is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a donation document.
Free Lease: The ownership of the horse is maintained by the owner/trainer/responsible agent; the custody and responsibility for the shelter and care of the horse is transferred to the organization utilizing a free lease document.
Purchased: The ownership and custody of the horse is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a purchase document.
Surrendered: The ownership and custody of the horse is relinquished to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent without the use of a donation document.
Seized: The ownership and custody of the horse is transferred to the organization as a result of the horse being seized by law enforcement or another agency and removed from the owner.
Abandoned: The ownership and custody of the horse is transferred to the organization as a result of the horse being abandoned by the owner or the owner was unable to be located.
Returned: The horse was previously a part of the organization, was adopted, and ownership and custody of the horse has been transferred back to the organization.

Feral/Wild Horse: Free-roaming horses that are descendants of the domesticated horse and have no or limited human contact.

Foal: An equine up to one year old; a colt is a male foal and a filly is a female foal.
Mare: A female equine.
Stallion: A male equine that has not been castrated.
Gelding: A castrated male equine.


Our organization will accept the following breeds:
    American Saddlebred
    Appaloosa
    Arabian
    Draft
    Friesian
    Hackney
    Morgan
    National Show Horse
    Paint
    Quarter Horse
    Standardbred
    Tennessee Walking Horse
    Thoroughbred
    Warm Blood
    Mixed Breed
    Other
    Andalusian/Lusitano
    Icelandic Horse
    Haflinger
    Norwegian Fjord
    Gypsy Vanner
    Paso Fino
    Pinto
    Appendix Quarter Horse
    Rocky Mountain Horse
    Missouri Fox Trotter

Not Checked
    Donkey/Mule/Burro
    Mustang
    Miniature Horse
    Feral/Wild

Additional information about our acquisition policies and practices:
Each equine that is considered for placement in the Bridle Paths program undergoes a trial period of at least 30 days, during which time program staff evaluates the equine's suitability for engagement in activities germane to equine-assisted activities and therapies. If Bridle Paths determines at the conclusion of this trial period that the equine is unsuitable for program activities, the equine is returned to the prospective lessor or donor.
     
     Bridle Paths requires information regarding a prospective equine's vaccine and health history (including proof current vaccinations and a negative Coggins test), and obtains all necessary information regarding illnesses, infirmities, or unsoundnesses, temperament, training, and farrier care of a prospective equine. Bridle Paths executes free lease and donation contracts with the lessors and donors of program equines. Each equine that is accepted into the Bridle Paths program receives the best of care, including all necessary vaccination, deworming, hoof care, and schooling and conditioning needs.
     
     Equines that are free leased to the program are subject to a stated veterinary expense limit; any costs for veterinary care in excess of this expense limit are the responsibility of the lessor of the equine. Lessors of program equines are added to Bridle Paths' insurance liability policy as an additional insured.
     
     In the event that a donated equine is determined by Bridle Paths to become unsuitable for use in the program, the donor is notified of the determination in writing. Within thirty days of written notification to the donor of the unsuitability of the horse, the donor may designate another charitable organization to take the horse and assume full responsibility for its care. Otherwise, Bridle Paths will attempt to find a suitable retirement arrangement for the animal, or have the animal humanely euthanized at its expense.


Intake, Assessment & Training
Following arrival of the equine at the facility, the following is performed:
    Physical examination by a veterinarian
    Physical examination by trained barn staff
    Photographs are taken
    Physical examination by a farrier
    Physical examination by a dentist
    Fecal test
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine at the facility for a prescribed period of time
Not Checked:
    A Henneke Body Conditioning Score is assigned
    Coggins test
    Blood work other than Coggins
    Vaccinations
    De-worming
    The horse is scanned to check for a microchip
    The horse is microchipped if the scan indicates that there is no microchip
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine off-site for a prescribed period of time

The organization requires the following with respect to the health status of the horse prior to acceptance and arrival at the organization:
    A current Coggins
    Vaccination records that have been administered within the last 12 months
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, the owner is responsible for having vaccinations administered.
Not Checked:
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, our veterinarian will administer appropriate vaccinations

The organization has the following policies in place prior to a horse being accepted and/or arriving at the facility:
    The owner of a potential horse is interviewed over the phone or in person prior to seeing the horse
    The horse is evaluated at its place of residence
    The owner completes an application/contract which constitutes the agreement between the owner and our organization
    The owner is financially responsible for the shipping of the horse to and from the organization
    Horses are on trial for up to 30 days
    Horses are on trial up to 60 days
    During the trial period, the organization accepts total financial responsibility for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care
    The trial period may be terminated by either the organization or the owner for any reason
Not Checked:
    Horses are not taken on trial
    Horses are on trial for 60 or more days
    The trial period may be reduced based on the horse's progress
    During the trial period, the organization accepts financial responsibility for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care, up to a fixed amount agreed upon by the organization and the owner
    During the trial period, the owner/donor is financially responsible for the care of the horse, including board, feed, shoeing and any necessary veterinary care

Horses are assessed for following skills and behaviors:
    Retrieval from a pasture/paddock
    Leading with a halter and lead rope
    Temperament, disposition and attitude, such as rated from very calm to very high spirited
    Saddling
    Bridling
    Lunging
    Loading onto and unloading off a trailer
    Mounting and dismounting
    Riding at the walk
    Riding at the trot
    Riding at the canter
    Riding by a beginner and/or unbalanced rider
    Tolerance to unusual objects and loud noises
    Known vices, i.e., cribbing, biting, kicking, weaving, stall walking, etc
    Grooming
    Bathing
    Tolerance to multiple handlers at the same time
Not Checked:
    Jumping
    Driving (Pulling a carriage)
    Clipping

The typical length of quarantine is:   Up to 10 days

Horses provided formal training (groundwork or riding):   Weekly

Additional information about our intake, assessment & training policies and practices:
We also obtain information about a prospective equine's behavior in the herd, and we evaluate that behavior at the conclusion of the quarantine period.


Breeding
The organization has the following policies related to breeding and stallions:
    Our organization does NOT breed horses.
Not Checked:
    Our organization breeds horses
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, are permitted to house stallions
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, breeds horses
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, does NOT breed horses


Euthanasia
The organization has the following policies related to euthanasia:
    Our organization will never have a horse euthanized for space
    Our organization may have a healthy horse euthanized if it is a threat to itself, other horses, or people
    Our organization may have a horse euthanized after all reasonable treatment options have been explored
    Euthanasia is done on site when possible to decrease trauma from transport
    Disposal of the carcass is handled within 24 hours
Not Checked:
    Our organization does not euthanize horses under any circumstances.
    Our organization will never have a healthy horse euthanized under any circumstances
    Euthanasia is done at the veterinarian's facility

Horses will be euthanized upon the recommendation of:
    Veterinarian
Not Checked:
    Senior staff member without a veterinarian's recommendation
    The Board of Directors, or a member of the Board of Directors, without a veterinarian's recommendation
    Not applicable. The organization does not euthanize horses

The following are authorized to administer the procedure for your organization in accordance with state laws:
    Veterinarian
Not Checked:
    A certified euthanasia technician
    Senior staff with appropriate training
    Employee of animal control shelter or humane society with appropriate training
    Veterinary student under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian
    Not applicable. The organization does not euthanize horses

The organization utilizes the following methods of euthanasia:
    Intravenous administration of an overdose of barbiturates

Rehoming
Our organization has the following re-homing (adoption/purchase) policies and procedures in place:
    Our organization does not re-home horses under any circumstances; our organization retains custody of our horses and ensures care of the horses for their lifetimes.

Our organization has the following policies and procedures related to horses that need to be retired, are no longer useful, or are no longer manageable:
    Horses may remain at our organization for their lifetimes
    Horses may be returned to their owners
    In the case a horse is unmanageable and demonstrates repeated dangerous behaviors, the horse may be euthanized
    In the case a horse is unsound and/or unhealthy and cannot be treated to relieve suffering, the horse may be euthanized
Not Checked:
    Horses may be found suitable homes by our organization
    Horses may be sent to auction
    If a suitable home cannot be located within 12 months, the horse may be euthanized

Does your organization provide horses to any facility to use in research or medical training? 
     No

Does your organization sell, donate or give a horse to an auction? 
     No

Additional information about our rehoming policies and practices:
Our Horse Donation Agreement provides that in the event that the animal shall become unsuitable for use in the BRIDLE PATHS program as determined in the sole discretion of BRIDLE PATHS, then and in such event, the Donor shall be notified of the determination in writing. Within thirty days of written notification to the Donor of the unsuitability of the horse, the Donor may designate another charitable organization to take the horse and assume full responsibility for its care. Otherwise, BRIDLE PATHS will attempt to find a suitable retirement arrangement for the animal, relieving BRIDLE PATHS from any further responsibility for the care of the animal, or have the animal humanely euthanized at its expense. Our horse donation form provides us with a trial period within which we evaluate a horse's suitability for inclusion in the program. However, as a practical matter, we have not had to take that action for an equine. Our thorough trial period evaluation, close coordination and relationships with horse donors, availability of both mounted and unmounted programs, and close and collaborative relationship with our program veterinarian, have enabled us to pursue appropriate actions for program horses without the need to identify third-party retirement homes. At such time that there is a situation where a horse needs rehoming, we will upload the Rehoming Application/Agreement.
Rehoming Application/Agreement not applicable.

FACILITY INFORMATION

Total facilities at which our organization cares for and shelters horses used in our programs: 1
Bridle Paths
Bridle Paths
43247 Spinks Ferry Road Leesburg VA 20176
Contact: Kathleen Fallon
Contact's Phone: 571-216-9089
Contact's Email: bridlepaths@gmail.com

Does your organization own, lease or use a part of this facility? Lease

If not owned, provide the name, address, phone, email and contact person of the organization(s) and/or individual(s) who owns the facility:
Robert and Patricia Meurer
Stone-Horse Farm, LLC
43247 Spinks Ferry Road
Leesburg, VA 20176
703-470-8768
thebarn@stone-horse.com

If not owned, does your organization have a written agreement with the owner? Enter Yes or No.   Yes

If not owned, please provide the following information below: Start date and end date of current written agreement (term) and what is the organization's plan for the end of the written agreement? 
     Bridle Paths' lease at Stone-Horse Farm commenced on March 13, 2014, and renews automatically for an additional fixed term of one year unless terminated by one of the parties to the lease, or upon Bridle Paths' abandonment of the facility. If either party to the lease agreement does not intend to renew the lease agreement, that party is required to provide written notice of that intent at least 60 days in advance of the date on which the program would expect or be expected to leave the premises. Bridle Paths has adhered to all terms and conditions of its current written lease agreement for the past five years, and the program's board of directors intends to continue to comply fully with these requirements to ensure our longevity at Stone-Horse Farm.

If not owned, please provide the details as to what services are provided by the owner and if and how the owner is compensated. 
     Our lease agreement permits Bridle Paths to stable up to 14 horses in our care, custody, and control at this facility, and to have use of 14 stalls and 12 paddocks for that purpose. Program clients, volunteers, and invitees have access to the facility's exercise areas, tack rooms, and wash stalls in a manner consistent with applicable barn rules set forth by Stone-Horse Farm and by Bridle Paths. Bridle Paths remits a monthly fee in the amount of $3,900 to Stone-Horse Farm for use of these facilities. Included in this monthly lease rate are the use of a portable toilet (cleaned weekly), dumpster access, and an allowance of up to $100 per month for electricity. The lease agreement stipulates that Stone-Horse Farm is responsible for maintaining the facilities rented to Bridle Paths, including periodically mowing paddocks, dragging riding areas, snow removal from access roads, and manure and trash removal. The owners may, from time to time and at Bridle Paths' request, provide basic livery services to the horses in the program's care, custody, and control, at a rate to be set by Stone-Horse Farm. Bridle Paths is responsible for promptly repairing any damage caused to the premises by the program's clients, volunteers, invitees, or horses. Consistent with the requirements of this lease agreement, Bridle Paths maintains commercial general liability insurance with per occurrence and aggregate limits of $1 million and $2 million, respectively, as well as a $2 million umbrella liability policy and accident medical coverage for program participants and volunteers.

Is the facility in compliance with the Care Guidelines for Rescue and Retirement Facilities prepared by the American Association of Equine Practitioners (whether or not your organization is directly involved with rescue and retirement)? Yes
If no, please explain and specifically describe the areas in which the facility is not compliant. Not Applicable

If this facility is recognized as compliant with the published standards of another applicable organization, and/or accredited by another applicable organization, including any state licensure or registration process, please provide the details.
     Bridle Paths is a member of the Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship (PATH) International, and adheres to PATH standards for facility, administration, and programming. Bridle Paths also is a member of the Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association, and follows the precepts of EAGALA as well.

Provide the contact information for the individual or organization responsible for investigating abuse in the county where the facility is located, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Loudoun County Animal Sevices 39820 Charles Town Pike Mailstop #66 Waterford, VA 20197 703-777-0406 animals@loudoun.gov

Other than the animal control authority noted above, provide the contact information for all local, state and/or national authorities with whom your organization engages to address issues impacting horse welfare, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Equine Rescue League P.O. Box 4366 Leesburg, VA 20177 540-822-4577 bubbasays2@aol.com Virginia Veterinary Medical Association 3801 Westerre Parkway Suite D Henrico, VA 23233 800-937-8862 robin@vvma.org Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services P.O. Box 1163 Richmond, VA 23218 804-786-3501 www.vdacs.virginia.gov American Association of Equine Practitioners 4033 Iron Works Parkway Lexington, KY 40511 800-443-0177 aaepoffice@aaep.org PATH International P.O. Box 33150 Denver, CO 80233 pathintl@pathintl.org 800-369-7433 EAGALA P.O. Box 993 Santaquin, UT 84655 877-858-4600 www.eagala.org

Does your organization operate programs involving horses AT THIS FACILITY that serve individuals with special needs, including but not limited to equine assisted activities and therapies? Yes

Enter the total number of instructors/trainers (full-time and part-time) involved with your organization's horse-related programs at this facility: 1

Instructors Assigned to this Facility: (see Instructor Section below for details)
     1. Instructor: Kathleen Fallon

Bridle Paths

Grounds
Total acreage dedicated specifically to the horses: 20
Our organization has use of the following at this facility:
Structures/Barns: 1  Run-in sheds: 0
Pastures: 1  Paddocks/Pens: 12
Uncovered Outdoor Rings: 1  Covered Outdoor Rings: 0  Indoor Rings: 1







Regarding structures at this facility where horses are stalled:
Do horses have assigned stalls in the structure(s)?    Yes    
Do all stalls/enclosures allow horses to lie down, stand up and turn around?    Yes    
Is there adequate ceiling & beam height (a minimum of 12 feet above the tip of the horse's ear) when standing in all stalls/encosures?    Yes    
How often are the stalls/enclosures cleaned? 6-7 Days a Week
Are floors constructed and maintained for both good drainage and traction?    Yes    
Is there a ventilation and circulation system in place to control temperature and prevent buildup of toxic gases?    Yes    
Is wiring inaccessible to horses and maintained for safety?    Yes    
Are fire prevention/protection measures (fire alarms, extinguishers and sprinkler systems) maintained and in good working order?     Yes    
Is there adequate lighting to insure safety in all areas of facility?     Yes    
Are emergency contacts, including veterinarian contact information, conspicuously posted in easily accessible locations?    Yes    
Are human and equine first aid kits easily accessible?     Yes    

How many hours per day, on average, are horses stalled? 9-12
How many hours per day, on average, are horses turned out:
    Horses are out 9 to 15 hours per day

The following describes the pastures at this facility:
✔    All pastures are fenced to prevent escape or injury
✔    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked
✔    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
✔    Pastures are rotated
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have pastures where horses can graze on pasture grass
    This facility has a written plan in place for pasture management, which includes guidelines for seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, mowing, dragging, harrowing, manure removal, removal of debris, the control of poisonous plants, and a schedule for cleaning
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for pasture management
    Barbed wire is used for fencing
    Pastures have natural protection for horses (i.e., trees)
    Pastures have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)

The following describes the turnout areas other than pastures at this facility:
✔    All turnout areas are fenced to prevent escape or injury
✔    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked
✔    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have turnout areas
    This facility has a written plan in place for the maintenance of turnout areas, which includes a schedule for cleaning, manure removal, and dragging
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for the maintenance of turnout areas
    Barbed wire is used for fencing
    Turnout areas have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)

The following policies and procedures are in place at the facility to restrict public access and to keep horses safe:
✔    The property owner, staff member or caretaker lives on the premises and ensures that public access is restricted and is responsible for the security of the facility and horses
✔    No Trespassing signs are posted
✔    Hold Harmless signs are posted
✔    Visitors are only permitted at specific times
✔    Visitors are only permitted in specific areas
Not Checked:
    A security guard is present at night
    Horses are checked overnight
    By Appointment Only signs are posted.
    Authorized Personnel Only signs are posted
    Entrance gates are locked at night
    The property is fitted with motion lights
    The property is fitted with a security system monitored by police or a professional service
    The property is fitted with a security system that is monitored internally by staff (or the property owner)
    The perimeter of the property is fully fenced

Bridle Paths

Veterinarian Information
Vet Assessment  conducted on 06/05/2019
Veterinarian: Dr. Elizabeth Gard
    Street: 18910 Beallsville Road    City: Beallsville  State: MD    Zip: 20839
Phone: 301-407-0417  
Equine Care
Horse Health Care/Barn Management Records: What system is used to collect and store health/horse care records?
    Notebook or equivalent (technology not utilized)

The following items are consistent with our feed management plan and practices:
✔    Horses are provided with individualized feeding plans, including supplements, according to age and any health issues
✔    Feed plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
✔    Supplement plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
✔    Horses are fed in individual stalls
✔    Staff and volunteers are trained in proper feed measurements and protocols and observed periodically to ensure they are feeding correctly
✔    The feed chart is centrally located and updated as needed
✔    The area(s) where hay, feed, grain, and supplements are stored are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals in rodent-proof and mold-proof containers and grain bins
✔    Feed, supplements and hay types are clearly labeled
✔    Water sources, i.e., buckets, troughs, automatic waterers, etc. are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals
Not Checked:
    Horses are fed in groups
    Medications are kept in a locked, climate-controlled area

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to the ongoing assessment of horses in its care:
✔    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated with each visit by the veterinarian
✔    Photographs are taken of each horse upon arrival at the facility and kept with the horse's health records
✔    A weight limit of no more than 20% of the horse’s weight is established for each horse and is kept with the horse’s records and updated when needed
✔    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine chiropractor
✔    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine acupuncturist
✔    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine massage therapist
✔    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine nutritionist
Not Checked:
    Horses are assigned a Henneke Body Condition score upon arrival at the facility
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated monthly
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated annually
    Photographs are taken of each horse monthly and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse annually and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse with each visit by the veterinarian and kept with the horse's health records

Do horses have access to clean drinking water at all times?     Yes    

Hoof Care: How often is hoof care provided for each horse? Every 4-8 weeks and when an issue arises

Dental Care: How often is dental care provided for each horse? Annually and when an issue arises

Physical Examinations: How often is each horse given a physical exam by a veterinarian? Annually and when an issue arises

Horse checks: How often are horses visually and physically checked by personnel at the facility? Every day or 6 days a week

Parasite Control: Our organization has the following worming protocols in place: (Check all that apply
    The protocol for each horse is determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Fecal testing is performed prior to the use of a de-wormer.

Fly/Insect Control: What remedies are used to control flies and insects?
    Fly Spray Repellent
    Fly Masks
    Fans

The following represent the biosecurity practices in place at facility:
✔    Our organization follows the AAEP's Biosecurity Guidelines and/or the UC Davis Biosecurity Guidelines
✔    A specific individual is assigned to care for sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
✔    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cared for last if the caretaker must also care for healthy horses
✔    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses do not have contact with other horses or other animals
✔    Hand sanitizers and footbaths are available at all primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
✔    Stalls, aisle ways, and common areas are disinfected after conclusion of the quarantine
✔    Horse trailers/vans used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cleaned and disinfected after each use and cleaning takes place away from where horses are sheltered
✔    Horse-specific equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is not shared and is clearly labeled
✔    Latex gloves are worn when working with sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
✔    Personnel are required to leave the facility (or shower and change clothing) after working with quarantined horses
Not Checked:
    The organization has a written biosecurity plan
    All staff are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    All volunteers are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    Restricted access signs are posted at primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Manure and bedding from sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is disposed of in specific areas designated for infectious materials - not put in open air piles, and not spread on pastures
    Shared equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is cleaned of organic debris and disinfected after each use

The following represent the manure removal practices in place at facility:
✔    Manure is piled in an area where horses are not located
✔    Manure is hauled, sold or given away
✔    Manure piles are composted or spread on pastures
Not Checked:
    Manure is stored in dumpster(s)
    Manure piles are covered
    Our organization adheres to the manure management guidelines set by state and/or local authorities

The following steps are taken to help staff and volunteers readily identify each horse on the property::
✔    Horses are assigned the same stall/location each day
✔    Name plates are located on the stall
✔    Photos are located on the stall
✔    Horses wear halters with nametags
✔    A notebook or binder with photos and information on each horse is easily accessible
✔    A map/diagram is posted showing the location of each horse with horse names and photos
✔    Horse photos and profiles are available on the website
✔    Staff/volunteers are provided training on confirmation, markings, colors, and breeds
✔    Team leaders work with new staff/volunteers until they are able to identify the horses
Not Checked:
    Staff and volunteers are provided with an information packet with horse profiles, including photos and detailed descriptions

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to tack, apparel and equipment:
✔     All horses have specifically assigned tack, apparel and equipment that is not shared
✔    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are fitted and utilized for each horse appropriate to the horse's needs and the weather conditions
✔    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are cleaned regularly as needed
✔    Tack is cleaned only when needed
✔    Tack is inspected for overall working condition before each use by trained personnel
✔    Tack is assessed for fit before each use by trained personnel
✔    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's body condition changes
✔    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's disposition changes
✔    This facility enlists the services of a professional saddle fitter at least once a year
✔    Assigned tack is clearly labeled
✔    Tack is stored in a climate-controlled location
✔    Helmets are shared
✔    Helmets are cleaned/disinfected after each use
✔    Helmets are replaced after a fall
✔    Helmets are replaced at least every five years.
Not Checked:
    Saddles are shared
    Saddle pads are shared
    Bridles are shared
    Bits are shared
    Blankets are shared
    Sheets are shared
    Turnout apparel is shared
     Halters are shared
    Tack is cleaned after each use
    Tack is cleaned weekly


Emergency Preparedness
The following plans, policies, and procedures are in place at the facility to handle emergencies and address weather related issues, fire safety procedures, and/or any additional hazardous scenarios the facility could potentially experience:
✔    Emergency phone numbers are posted prominently
✔    The facility owns or has access to a generator
✔    The facility maintains at least two weeks of hay, feed, shavings and medications
✔    The facility collects and maintains medical information from staff, volunteers, and clients
✔    The facility maintains appropriate liability and/or workers' compensation insurance
✔    All staff/volunteers are briefed regularly on emergency preparedness/safety procedures
✔    The organization has a written emergency preparedness/safety plan (EPP)
Not Checked:
    Emergency procedures are posted prominently

The written EPP addresses the following areas:
✔    Medical emergencies for clients, staff, and volunteers
✔    Medical emergencies for horses
✔    Power outages
✔    Fire
✔    Natural Disasters - thunderstorm, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornados, etc
✔    Protocols to notify emergency personnel
Not Checked:
    Local fire department and/or the state's emergency planning department procedures
    Evacuation plans
    Terrorist attacks
    Building/facility exit plans

The facility follows the specific procedures to help PREVENT emergency situations:
✔    Smoking is strictly prohibited
✔    NO SMOKING signs are posted prominently
✔    Permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled are kept free of dust, cobwebs, trash, cleaning rags, and other flammable items
✔    Aisles and doorways are kept clear
Not Checked:
    Hay is stored away from permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled
    Heaters with automatic shutoff settings are used

How often are the following checked or performed?
Fire Extinguishers are checked: Semi-annually
Smoke detectors are checked: Annually
Electrical Systems are checked: Quarterly
Fencelines are checked: Weekly
Turnout Areas are checked: Weekly
Sprinkler systems are checked: Not at all/NA
Fire drills are conducted: Annually
Review of safety protocols with staff are conducted: Semi-annually
Review of safety protocols with volunteers are conducted: Semi-annually
The Emergency Preparedness Plan is reviewed and updated: Annually

Horse Transportion
2-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  1 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
3-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  1 Access offsite;
4-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
6-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
8-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
10-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;


Equine Assisted Activities & Therapies (EAAT)
Total number of individual clients (not lessons) served annually: 60
Total number of individual clients participating in unmounted activities per week: 5
Total number of individual clients participating in mounted activities per week: 20
Total number of horses participating in EAAT programs at this facility: 9
Number of horses aged 3-8: 0
Number of horses aged 9-14: 2
Number of horses aged 15-20: 5
Number of horses aged over 20: 2
Average number of mounted hours per day each horse works: 1
Average number of unmounted hours per day each horse works: 1
Total number: 2
Total number of mounted horse hours per week: 20
Total number of unmounted horse hours per week: 5
Number of days per week that mounted programs are conducted at this facility: 4
Number of weeks per year that mounted programs are conducted at this facility: 48
Number of days per week that unmounted programs are conducted at this facility: 2
Number of weeks per year that unmounted programs are conducted at this facility: 48
Additional explanation: Bridle Paths offers therapeutic horseback riding, equine-assisted learning, and equine-assisted psychotherapy services. The vast majority of the program's regular clients participate in therapeutic riding activities. In addition to riding, however, each regular client spends at least half an hour engaged in unmounted activities involving instruction in horsemanship and equine communication and opportunities for relationship building. Additionally, Bridle Paths occasionally hosts school groups who engage in unmounted activities such as herd observations, grooming, and leading to address social and communication challenges. More recently, Bridle Paths has begun offering both mounted and unmounted activities to veterans and military families, and to survivors of traumatic brain injury. Finally, the program offers equine-assisted psychotherapy services to a small number of clients each week.

Bridle Paths

Equine Costs and Inventory

2018 Operations: This facility was operational during 2018.

2018 Horse Care Costs
Actual Horse Care Costs
$4021     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$1875     Bedding
$4882     Veterinarian
$5460     Farrier
$1500     Dentist
$0     Other Therapies
$0     Manure Removal
$450     Medications & Supplements
$0     Horse Transportation
$0     Maintenance
$605     Horse/Barn Supplies
$23350     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$47526     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$89669     2018 Total Horse Care Costs
Donated Horse Care Costs
$3500     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$0     Bedding
$0     Veterinarian
$0     Farrier
$0     Dentist
$135     Other Therapies
$0     Manure Removal
$1000     Medications & Supplements
$0     Horse Transportation
$0     Maintenance
$0     Horse/Barn Supplies
$0     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$0     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$4635     2018 Total Donated Costs


Additional Explanation:
One boarded horse left the property at the end of January 2018, and therefore was with the program for only 31 days in 2018. A new program horse entered the program on September 28, 2018, and thus was with the program for 124 days in 2018. Eight other horses were with the program for 365 days in 2018, for a total of 2,920 days. Facility lease and utility overages totaled $46,876 in 2018. Miscellaneous services, including blanket cleaning and saddle fitting for nine horses, totaled $650. We make hay on the property and are the grateful recipients of donations from our property owners to reduce the cost of the hay. In 2018, we paid $2 per bale for 700 bales of hay. If we had had to purchase those 700 bales from another supplier, our cost would likely have been approximately $7 per bale. Boehringer-Ingelheim Animal Health donated spring and fall vaccines for eight and nine horses, respectively, in 2018, at an approximate value of $1,000. A local veterinary chiropractor donated a chiropractic session for one of our program horses valued at $135 in December 2018.

Average cost per day per horse: $29
Average length of stay for an equine: 342 days
Based on a total of 3075 days equines were in the care of this facility during 2018

Bridle Paths

Equine Inventory

2018 Operations: This facility was operational during 2018.

2018 Horse Care Costs

2018 Bridle Paths Horse Inventory
8 Total number of horses involved with your programs on January 1, 2018
PLUS: Horse Intake during 2018
1 Donated
0 Free Lease
0 Purchase/Adoption from Owner
0 Purchased from Auction/Kill Pen/Feedlot
0 Surrendered
0 Seized
0 Abandoned
0 Returned
1 Total intakes
LESS: Horse Departure during 2018
0 Horses adopted/sold:
0 Horses transferred/returned
0 Horses deceased
0 Total departures
9 Number of horses involved with your programs on December 31, 2018
9 Total number of active horses (not retired) including
horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.
0 Total number of horses permanently retired.

Summary: 8 on 1/1/2018+ 1 Intakes - 0 Departures = 9 on 12/31/2018

9 Total number of all horses at this facility on December 31, 2018
10 Maximum capacity of horses at this facility on December 31, 2018


1 Detail Horse Intake during 2018
1 Donated
1Paso Fino
1 Aged 15-20
1 Geldings

0 Free Leased
0 Purchased from Owner
0 Purchased from Auction/Kill Pen/Feedlot
0 Surrendered
0 Seized
0 Abandoned
0 Returned








FACILITY INVENTORY SUMMARY

Total Facilities: 1
Bridle Paths

8 Total number of horses involved with your programs on January 1, 2018
PLUS: Horse Intake during 2018
1 Donated
0 Free Lease
0 Purchase/Adoption from Owner
0 Purchased from Auction/Kill Pen/Feedlot
0 Surrendered
0 Seized
0 Abandoned
0 Returned
1 Total intakes
LESS: Horse Departure during 2018
0 Horses adopted/sold:
0 Horses transferred/returned
0 Horses deceased
0 Total departures
9 Number of horses involved with your programs on December 31, 2018
9 Total number of active horses (not retired) including
horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.
0 Total number of horses permanently retired.

Summary: 8 on 1/1/2018+ 1 Intakes - 0 Departures = 9 on 12/31/2018

9 Total number of all horses on December 31, 2018
10 Maximum capacity of horses on December 31, 2018




FACILITY COST SUMMARY

Total Facilities: 1
Bridle Paths

Actual Horse Care Costs
$4021     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$1875     Bedding
$4882     Veterinarian
$5460     Farrier
$1500     Dentist
$0     Other Therapies
$0     Manure Removal
$450     Medications & Supplements
$0     Horse Transportation
$0     Maintenance
$605     Horse/Barn Supplies
$23350     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$47526     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$89669     2018 Total Horse Care Costs
Donated Horse Care Costs
$3500     Feed (Grain/Hay)
$0     Bedding
$0     Veterinarian
$0     Farrier
$0     Dentist
$135     Other Therapies
$0     Manure Removal
$1000     Medications & Supplements
$0     Horse Transportation
$0     Maintenance
$0     Horse/Barn Supplies
$0     Horse Care Staff
$0     Horse Training
$0     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.
$4635     2018 Total Donated Costs

Average cost per day per horse: $29




INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION

V. INSTRUCTORS

     1. Kathleen Fallon

         Facility Participation:

         Bridle Paths

Is the instructor certified by an organization that provides training in the programs, activities and/or services conducted by the organization? Yes
Certification 1:
Provide the name of the certifying organization: Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship (PATH) International
Enter the year that the certification was awarded: 2004
Is the instructor's certification considered 'Active' by the certifying organization? Yes
Briefly describe the nature/level of the certification: Kathleen Fallon is certified as an Advanced level therapeutic riding instructor by PATH Intl. The PATH Intl. Advanced Level Therapeutic Riding Instructor demonstrates sophisticated levels of knowledge in the competencies of Equine Management, Horsemanship, Riding, Instruction, Teaching Methodologies and Disabilities. The Advanced Instructor is expected to apply this knowledge as demonstrated through effective analysis and problem solving in response to the given situation. Also, the Advanced Instructor is expected to provide accurate reflection, as well as safe and effective demonstration of all PATH Intl. Advanced level criteria. PATH certified instructors are required to maintain their certification through compliance with a Code of Ethics and completion of 20 hours of continuing education each year.
Certification 2:
Provide the name of the certifying organization: Equine Assisted Growth and Learning Association (EAGALA)
Enter the year that the certification was awarded: 2010
Is the instructor's certification considered 'Active' by the certifying organization? Yes
Briefly describe the nature/level of the certification: Kathleen Fallon is an EAGALA certified Equine Specialist. In order to achieve this level of certification, candidates must: (1) Complete the 3-day Fundamentals of EAGALA model Practice Part 1 Training. (2) Submit a Professional Development Portfolio (consisting of 6,000 hours - or approximately three years full-time work - experience of hands-on work with horses, completion of at least 100 hours of continuing education in the horse profession and equine science - including ground work experience, horse psychology knowledge, and ability to read horse body language/nonverbal communication - and 40 of the above continuing education hours must have been completed in the last two years. (3) Complete the 3-day Fundamentals of EAGALA model Practice Part 2 Training. Completion of these trainings will provide the necessary tools to effectively incorporate horses experientially in mental health treatment and other human development and learning areas.
Certification 3:
Provide the name of the certifying organization.Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship (PATH), Intl.
Enter the year that the certification was awarded: 2017
Is the instructor's certification considered 'Active' by the certifying organization? Yes
Briefly describe the nature/level of the certification: A PATH Intl. Equine Specialist in Mental Health and Learning (ESMHL) ensures the safety and well-being of the equine participating in equine-facilitated mental health and learning sessions. She/he serves as the equine expert during equine/human interactions. The ESMHL works with mental health or education providers delivering services, incorporating equines in their practice, within the scope of their profession. An ESMHL must be knowledgeable in horsemanship and understands how to collaborate with a mental health therapist and/or educator to best meet the client’s needs and keep the lesson safe. ESMHLs also have a general knowledge of mental health and education processes. ESMHLs have a thorough understanding of the ways equine behavior affect human responses and evaluate the role of the equine during the mental health or education sessions they supervise. The ESMHL maintains responsibility for the equine, assesses the equine’s response to any interactions, and prohibits or stops any activity that compromises the well-being of the equine. She/he ensures that equine interactions within the session are safe.
Additional information about this instructor: Kathleen Fallon has more than 15 years of experience in all aspects of equine assisted activities and therapies, including service as volunteer coordinator, program director, executive director, and instructor for an established therapeutic horseback riding program before founding Bridle Paths. She received her PATH International Registered Therapeutic Riding Instructor certification in September 2004 and and her Advanced Instructor certification in October 2008, and she has experience teaching children and adults with a wide range of physical, cognitive, behavioral, and other disabilities. As noted above, she received her EAGALA Equine Specialist certification in August 2010. She received her certification as a PATH, Intl. Equine Specialist in Mental Health and Learning in early 2017. Kathleen also has more than 20 years of horseback riding lessons and other riding experience, including experience with evaluating and selecting potential horses for equine assisted activities and managing the schooling and training of these horses. Finally, she holds current certification in CPR and First Aid for adults, children, and infants. Kathleen Fallon holds undergraduate and graduate degrees in International Relations from Georgetown University and Columbia University, respectively, both conferred with highest honors.