Equine Welfare Network Guardian
AWARDED ANNUALLY
Effective Date
May 31, 2021


The Equus Effect
37 Drum Road
SHARON, CT 06069
Phone: 203-803-9507

EIN: 45-2632601
Founded: 2011
Last Updated 2021-07-27

View our WEBSITE

The Equus Effect
EQUINE WELFARE NETWORK GUARDIAN PROFILE
Effective Date: May 31, 2021 Last Updated: July 27, 2021

We are proud to be an EQUUS Foundation Guardian and share our horse care & use practices with the public.

MISSION & PROGRAMS

Mission:
OUR MISSION:
     To provide veterans, first responders, frontline health workers and others in high-stress situations with essential tools to build renewal and resilience into their lives through purposeful engagement with horses.
     
     OUR VISION:
     Our aim is to help the populations we serve move beyond self-limiting patterns in their attitudes and behaviors in order to enjoy productive, successful and satisfying lives at home, work and school.
     
     All of our programs entail groundwork with horses, resilience tools and didactic material we call Emotional Agility.

Our organization conducts Equine Assisted Services which are in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS).
Our organization provides community outreach and/or public education programs involving horses.
Our organization is directly responsible for the care and shelter of some of the equines involved in our programs and some of the equines in our programs are cared for and sheltered by other organization(s).
100% of our total programs and services are horse-related.
Our organization does not use foster, overflow and/or satellite facilities
Number of facilities/locations where horses used in our programs are HOUSED AND CARED FOR or were HOUSED AND CARED FOR during 2020: 1
     1. The Equus Effect (Main)  * Operational in 2020

Summary of organization's goals, strategies to achieve the goals, accomplishments, and capabilities to meet the goals, including its long-term plans to sustain its programs:
Our aim is to offer this program on a national basis - at military bases and at therapeutic riding centers where veterans and others in high stress environments will be able to 'reboot' for life at home and in their communities. We are currently using research instruments under the auspices of the VA in CT to measure the impact of our program. A $200,000 research grant has been approved by the VA for a senior team at the VA and Yale to undertake a pilot research program in 2022. We hope that findings will prove our model as one that has a significant impact on veterans' ability to become thriving members of their families and communities.
     
     We have grown substantially in the past five years: from serving 21 vets in 2013 to over 600 as of November 2020. We have also graduated over 1,000 men and women in recovery from substance abuse, depression, anxiety and other traumas. We have expanded our training of facilitators from one location in 2013 to six locations, including Pegasus, Brewster, NY, High Hopes, Old Lyme, CT, Emerald Hollow, Brewster, MA, Freedom Hills, Port Deposit, MD, Spring Reins of Hope, Chapel Hill, NC and Free Rein, Spokane, WA.
     
     We have strong relationships with Veterans Administration Healthcare Systems and Veterans Centers in Connecticut, Maryland, North Carolina, New York and Massachusetts. We work with the VA as well as with two national Veteran Service Organizations - Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America and Team Red, White and Blue. We have also been teaching the principles and tools of this program to veteran students at the Entrepreneurship Bootcamp for Veterans with Disabilities (EBV) at UConn Business School in Hartford, CT. We also started a program this year with veteran students at Western Connecticut State University. Three years ago, we presented our work to at the 29th Annual International Trauma Conference in Boston, MA
     
     This year, due to Covid-19, our research project with the VA/Yale was postponed until 2022. In response to this situation, we applied for and were granted status as an essential business and have since launched a program in Sharon, CT with front line workers who benefit from our resilience tools as well the opportunity to do hands-on work with our horses. We also plan to serve clinicians and healthcare workers in Fairfield County through the Yale Polo Club. We expect support for these programs from our current donors, have already been awarded a grant for the program in Sharon, CT from the Foundation for Community Health and a private donor who is sponsoring our work with the Nuvance Healthcare System in CT.
     
      We have five instructors/horse handlers and administrative staff at our main facility in Sharon who serve our current populations and who assist at facilitator trainings.
     
     In 2020, we initiated a capital campaign and were able to build a covered space to work so that our facility will be open year-round. We can now train new facilitators here at our location, double our capacity to serve veterans and first responders in CT and provide revenue-generating programs year round to clinicians and people in recovery. This will add at least $20,000 to our tuition fund for veterans and save at least $10,000 per year for space we now rent in order to train new instructors.
     
     We also earn partial support for veterans' tuition by offering fee-based programs to people in the recovery community. We would like support in the form of monetary contributions as well as insight and ideas from veterans in leadership positions in the 'Sea of Goodwill (non-government organizations that offer support and services to veterans)

Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
Our organization provides the following equine assisted services (EAS):
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Personal and/or Professional Development
Not Checked:
    Therapeutic Mounted Services
    Therapeutic Driving Services
    Therapeutic Vaulting Services
    Therapeutic Unmounted Services
    Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)
    Equine-Assisted Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy/Speech-Language Pathology
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Academic Learning


Overview of our programs involved with providing EAS to individuals with special needs:
     We provide Equine-Assisted Learning to men and women who have suffered and survived trauma in one form or another. Our program is trauma-sensitive in that we understand and respect both the external and internal manifestations of trauma in the minds, emotions and bodies of those whose nervous systems have been flooded with too much adrenaline, cortisol or pain at once. We use body-based practices along with experiential learning with horses and didactic material to empower veterans and other adults move beyond the limitations in thought and behavior that keep them from enjoying success and fulfillment in their lives.
     
     We also provide a certification program to men and women in the coaching and healing arts at other organizations who wish to become professional facilitators of The Equus Effect curriculum.
     
     We believe that healthy relationships are foundational in terms of providing meaning and satisfaction in life and our primary purpose is to give men and women the tools they need to return to their lives with a renewed sense of capacity for self management, energy and focus.
     
     We also believe that horses accelerate this process by helping participants see the ways in which hyper-arousal, inability to understand and handle emotions, anger and anxiety hinder their movement forward in life. Gaining the trust and willingness to collaborate from a horse is not easy and we feel very strongly that the process of doing so gives clients a renewed sense of competence, confidence and optimism. They frequently report feeling that they have built the capacity to bring out the best in themselves.
     
     Trauma takes people out of the present and into the world of fight or flight reactions to non-threatening situations. Their world is one of memories, reactivity, aggression or isolation. Trauma sufferers often put up barriers instead of healthy boundaries. They also lack the capacity to respond appropriately to others in their lives...at home, work or school. So, while they may live with others, have jobs or go to school, but have a very difficult time maintaining these aspects that give meaning and purpose to life.
     
     Horses are amazing teachers of almost all of what is needed for an individual to build and maintain healthy relationships. Since how they feel is what they do, their trust is transparent and their willingness to cooperate (given the choice) is based on their honest assessment of any given person or situation. As is the case with most people, horses prefer honesty, fairness and finesse over force.


At a time when equestrian sports are under pressure to protect horses while making those sports more accessible, so too must all equine organizations ensure that horses are treated humanely when interacting with people with and without special needs. Our organization takes the following steps to ensure that horses are benefiting from their interactions with people:
     Prior to working with veterans and other populations, we assess prospective facilitators for their interest in and affinity for working with clients who are not skilled horse people and who may have cognitive and emotional issues. Our main concern is safety for them, the horses and for those we serve. In order to ensure client safety and since our program involved ground-based activities, our primary concern for our horses is that they are introduced properly to clients, that they are asked, not told what to do and that they are respected when they seem to be tired of an activity.
     
     We know that horses are amazing teachers of almost all of what is needed for healthy relationships, but are also aware that they can become bored or frustrated when asked to work with novices for too long. To that end, we give our horses plenty of time to play, graze and socialize with each other. Since how they feel is what they do, their willingness to cooperate (given the choice) is based on their honest assessment of any given person or situation. We trust their feedback and take our roles as advocates for their mental, emotional and physical well being very seriously. We also teach our clients how to work with horses using natural horsemanships according to highly respected professionals like Buck Brannaman, Jim Masterson and others who advocate for a horse's physical, emotional and mental wel-being above all else.
     
     During our sessions clients and horses are always supervised by certified facilitators and skilled horse handlers.



Community Outreach and/or Public Education:
Overview of our programs involved with providing community outreach and/or public education programs involving horses:
     Covid-19 has raised the stress levels among many members of our community. We have offered afternoon workshops for these people as well as to parents of students whose lives have been put on hold for this past year. We understand that mental health and well-being has become an issue among many this past year, so we have responded by offering our work to these people as well as to frontline health workers who have been and continue to serve our communities.
     
     Veterans of Color - This past year has made it painfully clear to all of us that people of color experience the world much differently than others in this country. Therefore, we are initiating two programs - one for male and one for female veterans of color.
     
     Clinicians and others in the healing arts - We offer programs to men and women in the healing arts in order to mitigate the compassion fatigue that accompanies 'serving those who have served'.
     
     FIRST RESPONDERS - Our program in Fairfield, CT is going to serve first responders in that community who need to gain new skills and tools to return to life at home every day of the week no matter what they have faced during their time at work.
     
     CANCER SURVIVORS - We are also planning to offer programs for cancer survivors in CT and New York State as the need and interest arises.
     
     OTHER APPLICATIONS - While our curriculum is consistent and repeatable, we know that there are many applications and have used our approach with those who are grieving and those who are in transition from one phase of life to another for any number of reasons.

EQUINE ASSISTED SERVICES CENSUS

The Equus Effect
Equine Assisted Services (EAS)
         
2020 EAS Operations - EAS Providers: 1 Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Horses/Equines participating in EAS programs at this facility        
Number of horses/equines aged 3-8 0 0 0 0
Number of horses/equines aged 9-14 0 1 0 1
Number of horses/equines aged 15-20 0 1 0 1
Number of horses/equines Over 20 0 2 0 2
Total number of horses/equines participating in EAS programs at this facility 0 4 0 4
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of hours per day each horse works 0 3  
Number of days per week each horse works 0 2  
         
Clients participating in EAS programs at this facility Mounted Only Unmounted Only Both Mounted & Unmounted Total
Total number of individual clients (not lessons) served annually 0 150 0 150
Average number of clients (not lessons) participating in activities per week 0 12 0 12
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Number of days per week programs are conducted at this facility 0 2  
Number of weeks per year programs are conducted at this facility 0 30  
         
  Mounted Unmounted    
Average wait list time for a client  
         



EQUINE ASSISTED SERVICE PROVIDERS


Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
Our organization provides the following Equine Assisted Services (EAS):
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Personal and/or Professional Development
Not Checked:
    Therapeutic Mounted Services
    Therapeutic Driving Services
    Therapeutic Vaulting Services
    Therapeutic Unmounted Services
    Equine-Assisted Psychotherapy/Counseling (Mental Health)
    Equine-Assisted Occupational Therapy/Physical Therapy/Speech-Language Pathology
    Equine-Assisted Learning involving Academic Learning

1: Total number of Equine Assisted Service Providers at The Equus Effect
     1. David Sonatore, LCSW

         FACILITY PARTICIPATION:

         The Equus Effect

         RELATIONSHIP: Other

         SERVICES PROVIDED:

         Equine-Assisted Learning involving Personal and/or Professional Development

         DEGREES, LICENSES AND/OR CERTIFICATIONS

         David is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker, is an Eponaquest Equine Experiential Learning instructor, a Somatic Experiencing┬« advanced training graduate and a certified Martha Beck Coach. David combines the academic and experiential training necessary to empower clients with what they need to move beyond trauma. He combines this with his keen intuition around horses and helps veterans and others in transition realize that they can become whole again.


GOVERNANCE, MANAGEMENT & FINANCIAL REPORTING

Staff & Volunteers:
Chief Staff Officer (CSO):  Jane Strong, Co-founder, Executive Director
Employees/Independent Contractors:   Full-Time:  2  Part-Time:  3  Volunteers:  10
Staff Recruitment, Screening and Training processes including employees and independent contractors:
    Prospective staff/independent contractors complete a written application
    Staff and/or contractors are required to complete a Liability Release/Hold Harmless Agreement
    Staff and/or contractors are required to provide Emergency Medical Information
    Staff and/or contractors are required to sign a Photo Release
    Staff and/or contractors provide parent/guardian information if applicable
    Staff and/or contractors are evaluated on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in their job description
    Staff and/or contractors are updated on all the organization's policies and procedures on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in policy or procedure
    Staff and/or contractors receive training that includes safety guidelines, confidentiality, horse handling, horse identification, and emergency procedures; additional training is job specific
    One or more staff members or contractors are trained in CPR and human first aid
    One or more staff members or contractors are trained in equine first aid
Not Checked:
    Prospective staff/independent contractors must provide in writing if they have ever been convicted of a felony, convicted of a sexual offense, or convicted for animal cruelty or neglect
    Staff and/or contractors are required to undergo a Background Check
    Staff and/or contractors are carry current health insurance
    Staff and/or contractors have a written job description
    Staff and/or contractors have a supervisor and is responsible for keeping their supervisor up to date on work related activities
    The organization provides a handbook to every member of the staff, including employees and/or independent contractors serving in staff positions;
    The handbook includes information, such as hours of work, vacation, sick leave, dress code, cell phone usage, and the protocol for dismissal
    The handbook is reviewed annually and updated
    Staff and/or contractors are subject to Random Drug Screening

Volunteer Recruitment, Screening and Training processes:
    Every volunteer is required to complete a Liability Release/Hold Harmless Agreement
    Every volunteer is required to provide Emergency Medical Information
    Every volunteer is required to sign a Photo Release
    Every volunteer provides parent/guardian information if applicable
    Every volunteer is evaluated on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in their job description
    Every volunteer is updated on all the organization's policies and procedures on an annual and as needed basis or with any change in policy or procedure
    Every volunteer receives training that includes safety guidelines, confidentiality, horse handling, horse identification, and emergency procedures; additional training is job specific
    Every volunteer is assigned a supervisor (staff member and/or senior volunteer) and is responsible for keeping their supervisor up to date on work related activities
    The supervisor assesses the volunteer's abilities and assigns specific duties to the volunteer based on their skills
    The organization records and maintains written attendance information and hours on every volunteer
    The organization holds regular orientation sessions for volunteers and prospective volunteers that includes an overview of the organization, its mission, activities, volunteer responsibilities and expectations, safety guidelines, and a tour of the facility
Not Checked:
    Prospective volunteers complete a written application
    Prospective volunteers must provide in writing if they have ever been convicted of a felony, convicted of a sexual offense, or convicted for animal cruelty or neglect
    Every volunteer is required to undergo a Background Check
    Every volunteer carries current health insurance
    Every volunteer has a written job description
    The organization provides a Volunteer Handbook to every volunteer
    The Volunteer Handbook includes volunteer-related information, such as hours of work, dress code, cell phone usage, and the protocol for dismissal
    The Volunteer Handbook is reviewed annually and updated
    Every volunteer is subject to Random Drug Screening

Governing Body:
Board meetings per year:  9
Number of Board Members:  13  Number of Voting Board Members:  10

Board Compensation:
Is Board Chair compensated?  No  Is Treasurer compensated?  No
Are there any other Voting Board Members that are compensated?  No

Board/Staff Relationships:
Are any members of the Board or Staff related to each other through family or business relationships? No

Board Affiliations:
Are any Board members or Staff associated with and/or compensated by another organization with a relationship or business affiliation to your organization? No

Conflict of Interest:
Does your organization have a written conflict of interest policy and regularly and consistently monitor and enforce compliance with the policy, including requiring officers, directors or trustees, and key employees to disclose annually interests that could give rise to conflicts?  Yes


Organization documents available on our website:
    None

Organization documents available on request:
    Most recent Financials
    Most recent IRS Form 990
    Volunteer Handbook
    Staff Handbook
    Bylaws

Additional explanation regarding governance, staffing and volunteer practices or further explanation of the answers above.
The Equus Effect, Inc. purchased the property in September, 2020 from the partner of the co-founder, Jane Strong.
     
     We are small and are very thorough in our orientation and training with volunteers here at our own facility. We also assess and recommend people who we believe will be a good fit for our program at other facilities. We are very clear about this and insist that all volunteers have a level of emotional maturity...not age specific...that we believe will be a good fit for veterans and people in recovery.

Budget:  $100K to $500K
Equine Budget:   $25K to $35K
Month Fiscal Year Ends: 12
Type of Financial Reporting (Audit, Review, Compilation): Compilation
Type of IRS Filing (990, 990-EZ, 990-N): 990
Does the uploaded Pro Forma 990/990 represent 2020? No
View The IRS Form 990/Pro Forma 990

POLICIES: ACQUISITION


Our organization acquires horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Donation  

Our organization does not acquire horses/equines from the following source(s):
    Lease  
    Purchase/Adoption from Owner  
    Auction  
    Kill pen/Feedlot  
    Return  
    Surrender  
    Seizure  
    Abandonment  

Our organization will accept the following:
    Geldings
    Mares

Not Checked:
    Pregnant Mares
    Foals
    Stallions
    Only Stallions to be castrated

POLICIES: INTAKE, ASSESSMENT & TRAININING

Prior to a horse being accepted and/or arriving at the facility, the organization requires the following with respect to the health status of the horse:
    A current Coggins
    Vaccination records that have been administered within the last 12 months
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, the owner is responsible for having vaccinations administered.
    If health records are not available or are out-of-date, our veterinarian will administer appropriate vaccinations
Not Checked:

Prior to a horse being accepted and/or arriving at the facility, the organization has the following policies in place:
    The owner of a potential horse is interviewed over the phone or in person prior to seeing the horse
    The horse is evaluated at its place of residence
    The owner completes an application/contract which constitutes the agreement between the owner and our organization
    The owner is financially responsible for the shipping of the horse to and from the organization
    Horses are not taken on trial
Not Checked:

Upon intake, the organization has the following quarantine policy in place:
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine at the facility for a prescribed period of time
Not Checked:
    The horse is confined to a designated and separate area for isolation and quarantine off-site for a prescribed period of time
    The horse is not quarantined

The typical length of quarantine is:   Up to 10 days

Following arrival of the equine at the facility, the following is performed:
    Physical examination by a veterinarian
    Physical examination by trained barn staff
    A Henneke Body Conditioning Score is assigned
    Physical examination by a farrier
    Physical examination by a dentist
    Coggins test
    Vaccinations
    De-worming
Not Checked:
    Photographs are taken
    Blood work other than Coggins
    Fecal test
    The horse is scanned to check for a microchip
    The horse is microchipped if the scan indicates that there is no microchip

Horses are assessed for following skills and behaviors:
    Retrieval from a pasture/paddock
    Leading with a halter and lead rope
    Temperament, disposition and attitude, such as rated from very calm to very high spirited
    Lunging
    Loading onto and unloading off a trailer
    Mounting and dismounting
    Riding at the walk
    Riding at the trot
    Riding at the canter
    Tolerance to unusual objects and loud noises
    Known vices, i.e., cribbing, biting, kicking, weaving, stall walking, etc
    Grooming
    Bathing
Not Checked:
    Saddling
    Bridling
    Riding by a beginner and/or unbalanced rider
    Jumping
    Driving (Pulling a carriage)
    Clipping
    Tolerance to multiple handlers at the same time

Horses provided formal training (groundwork or riding):   2-3 times per week

Additional information about our intake, assessment & training policies and practices:
Since our program is based on groundwork, our primary concern is social in nature. Our horses have to be safe to work with for staff, volunteers and for the participants, most of whom are beginners.
     
     We would hope that horses are sold with an honest assessment of their abilities and limitations. We are not averse to most, but would want to know up front what we are facing.
     
     Were we to take in a new horse, we have two places to quarantine for 10 or more days: the open and covered round pen - depending upon the weather and the covered pen is 25' from the nearest pasture and the open round pen is at least 150' from the nearest pasture.
     
     We always have a vet examine horses before they arrive and check them after quarantine. While we have not acquired any new horses for the past 2 years, we would require a signed report from the vet before arrival and a veterinarian visit after quarantine.



POLICIES: BREEDING

The organization has the following policies related to breeding and stallions:
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, does NOT breed horses.
Not Checked:
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, breeds horses
    The facility or facilities where our organization conducts its programs, including foster facilities, are permitted to house stallions


POLICIES: EUTHANASIA

The organization has the following policies related to euthanasia:
    Our organization will never have a horse euthanized for space
    Our organization will never have a healthy horse euthanized under any circumstances
    Our organization may have a horse euthanized after all reasonable treatment options have been explored
    Euthanasia is done on site when possible to decrease trauma from transport
    Disposal of the carcass is handled within 24 hours
Not Checked:
    Our organization may have a healthy horse euthanized if it is a threat to itself, other horses, or people
    Euthanasia is done at the veterinarian's facility

The following are authorized to administer the procedure for your organization in accordance with state laws:
    Veterinarian
Not Checked:
    A certified euthanasia technician
    Senior staff with appropriate training
    Employee of animal control shelter or humane society with appropriate training
    Veterinary student under the supervision of a licensed veterinarian
    Not applicable. Our organization prohibits euthanasia under any circumstances


POLICIES: RE-HOMING

Our organization has the following re-homing (adoption/purchase) policies and procedures in place:
    Our organization does not re-home horses under any circumstances; our organization retains custody of our horses and ensures care of the horses for their lifetimes.

Our organization has the following policies and procedures related to horses that need to be retired, are no longer useful, or are no longer manageable:
    Horses remain at our organization for their lifetimes
    In the case a horse is unmanageable and demonstrates repeated dangerous behaviors, the horse may be euthanized
    In the case a horse is unsound and/or unhealthy and cannot be treated to relieve suffering, the horse may be euthanized
Not Checked:
    Horses may be found suitable homes by our organization
    Horses may be returned to their owners
    Horses may be sent to auction
    If a suitable home cannot be located within 12 months, the horse may be euthanized

Re-homing Agreement not applicable.

EQUINE CARE & SHELTER/FACILITY INFORMATION

Total facilities at which our organization cares for and shelters horses used in our programs: 1
Our organization does not use foster, overflow and/or satellite facilities

MANAGEMENT: The Equus Effect: Main

Does your organization own, lease or use a part of this facility? Own

Please list all local, state and federal licenses held by the organization, including the expiration dates, or indicate that no licenses are required at the local, state or federal level. Please also list if this facility is accredited and recognized as compliant with the published standards of an accrediting organization, including the name of the organization and the date of the accreditation.
     We are compliant and current with the state, registered with the IRS and the town of Sharon, CT as a non-profit.

Provide the contact information for the individual or organization responsible for investigating abuse in the county where the facility is located, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Sharon Animal Control 57 Main Street Sharon, CT 860-364-0504

Does your organization conduct Equine Assisted Services (EAS) at this facility in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS)? Yes

Total number of Equine Assisted Service Providers AT THIS FACILITY, including instructors, specialists, therapists, counselors, coaches and/or facilitators (full-time, part-time, volunteer, independent contractors, and/or providers accompanying clients) that conduct Equine Assisted Services (EAS) in accordance with the EQUUS Foundation Guidelines on Qualifications of Organizations Conducting Equine Assisted Services (EAS) AT THIS FACILITY:  1

Equine Assisted Service Providers Assigned to this Facility: (see Equine Assisted Service Provider Section below for details)

     1. David Sonatore, LCSW

VETERINARIAN: The Equus Effect: Main
Veterinarian Assessment conducted on 06/11/2021

Veterinarian: Dr. Angell
Clinic Name: Bentley Veterinary Practice
2826 Church Street Ste. A
Pine Plains   NY   12567
Phone: 518-398-0888

GROUNDS: The Equus Effect: Main
Total number of horses involved with your programs at this facility: 4
Total number of horses at this facility INCLUDING those not involved with your programs: 4
Maximum capacity of horses at this facility: 5
Total acreage dedicated specifically to the horses: 8
Our organization has use of the following at this facility:
Structures/Barns: 1  Run-in sheds: 2
Pastures: 2  Paddocks/Pens: 1
Uncovered Outdoor Rings: 1  Covered Outdoor Rings: 0  Indoor Rings: 0
















Regarding structures at this facility where horses are stalled:
Do horses have assigned stalls in the structure(s)?    Yes    
Do all stalls/enclosures allow horses to lie down, stand up and turn around?    Yes    
Is there adequate ceiling & beam height (a minimum of 12 inches above the tip of the horse's ear) when standing in all stalls/enclosures?    Yes    
How often are the stalls/enclosures cleaned? 6-7 Days a Week
Are floors constructed and maintained for both good drainage and traction?    Yes    
Is there a ventilation and circulation system in place to control temperature and prevent buildup of toxic gases?    Yes    
Is wiring inaccessible to horses and maintained for safety?    Yes    
Are fire prevention/protection measures (fire alarms, extinguishers and sprinkler systems) maintained and in good working order?     Yes    
Is there adequate lighting to ensure safety in all areas of facility?     Yes    
Are emergency contacts, including veterinarian contact information, conspicuously posted in easily accessible locations?    Yes    
Are human and equine first aid kits easily accessible?     Yes    

How many hours per day, on average, are horses stalled? 4-8
How many hours per day, on average, are horses turned out:
    Horses are out 9 to 15 hours per day

The following describes the pastures at this facility:
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for pasture management
    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
    Pastures are rotated
    Pastures have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have pastures where horses can graze on pasture grass
    This facility has a written plan in place for pasture management, which includes guidelines for seeding, fertilizing, irrigation, mowing, dragging, harrowing, manure removal, removal of debris, the control of poisonous plants, and a schedule for cleaning
    All pastures are fenced to prevent escape or injury
    Barbed wire is used for fencing
    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked
    Pastures have natural protection for horses (i.e., trees)

The following describes the turnout areas other than pastures at this facility:
    This facility has a written plan in place for the maintenance of turnout areas, which includes a schedule for cleaning, manure removal, and dragging
    A dedicated staff person(s) is responsible for the maintenance of turnout areas
    All turnout areas are fenced to prevent escape or injury
    Turnout areas have man-made protection for horses (i.e., shelters)
    Fencing checks, such as broken or missing planks, loose fence posts, exposed or loose nails, detached wires, etc., are done regularly
Not Checked:
    This facility does not have turnout areas
    Barbed wire is used for fencing
    Electric fencing is used; electric wires or tape fence are visibly marked

The following policies and procedures are in place at the facility to restrict public access and to keep horses safe:
    The property owner, staff member or caretaker lives on the premises and ensures that public access is restricted and is responsible for the security of the facility and horses
    Horses are checked overnight
    By Appointment Only signs are posted.
    Visitors are only permitted at specific times
    Visitors are only permitted in specific areas
Not Checked:
    A security guard is present at night
    No Trespassing signs are posted
    Hold Harmless signs are posted
    Authorized Personnel Only signs are posted
    Entrance gates are locked at night
    The property is fitted with motion lights
    The property is fitted with a security system monitored by police or a professional service
    The property is fitted with a security system that is monitored internally by staff (or the property owner)
    The perimeter of the property is fully fenced


Additional information about our grounds:
All of our fences are wood with three slats of white oak with 6" posts.


EQUINE CARE: The Equus Effect: Main
Horse Health Care/Barn Management Records: What system is used to collect and store health/horse care records?
    Notebook or equivalent (technology not utilized)
    The organization utilizes its own system to maintain records

The following items are consistent with our feed management plan and practices:
    Horses are provided with individualized feeding plans, including supplements, according to age and any health issues
    Feed plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Supplement plans are determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    Horses are fed in individual stalls
    Staff and volunteers are trained in proper feed measurements and protocols and observed periodically to ensure they are feeding correctly
    The feed chart is centrally located and updated as needed
    The area(s) where hay, feed, grain, and supplements are stored are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals in rodent-proof and mold-proof containers and grain bins
    Feed, supplements and hay types are clearly labeled
    Water sources, i.e., buckets, troughs, automatic waterers, etc. are kept clean, free of debris and chemicals, and protected from weather and other animals
    Medications are kept in a locked, climate-controlled area
Not Checked:
    Horses are fed in groups

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to the ongoing assessment of horses in its care:
    Horses are assigned a Henneke Body Condition score upon arrival at the facility
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated with each visit by the veterinarian
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine chiropractor
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine acupuncturist
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine massage therapist
    Horses at our facility may be treated by an equine nutritionist
Not Checked:
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated at least monthly
    The Henneke Body Condition score is updated at least annually
    Photographs are taken of each horse upon arrival at the facility and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse monthly and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse annually and kept with the horse's health records
    Photographs are taken of each horse with each visit by the veterinarian and kept with the horse's health records

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to the weight-carrying or workload capabilities of horses/equines in our care:
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable
Not Checked:
    Our organization evaluates the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine at least annually
    Our organization maintains a written record for each equine that documents the results of each evaluation of weight-carrying and workload limitations
    Our organization does not evaluate the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine

The following variables are considered in determining the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine:
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable
Not Checked:
    Equine age, weight, breed, body condition, fitness, balance, health and soundness
    Equine conformation to include the top line, length of back, strength and width of loin, bone density (measured by the circumference of the cannon bone just below the knee)
    Size, shape, condition and angle of the hooves
    Participant weight, height, body proportions, balance, fitness and riding skills as well as behavioral issues and safety concerns
    Weight and proper fit of the saddle and other equipment
    Terrain and footing in the working environment
    Duration and frequency of working sessions, as the frequency with which an equine is subjected to maximum weight carrying and/or workload
    Nature and pace of work, repetitive or varied, radius of turns, degree of incline and regularity of footing when equine is subject to maximum weight-carrying capacity
    Temperature and/or weather conditions
    Seasonal impact on the equines' workload and weight-carrying capabilities and limitations
    Our organization does not evaluate the weight-carrying and workload limitations for each equine

Do horses have access to clean drinking water at all times?     Yes    

Hoof Care: How often is hoof care provided for each horse? Every 4-8 weeks and when an issue arises

Dental Care: How often is dental care provided for each horse? Annually and when an issue arises

Physical Examinations: How often is each horse given a physical exam by a veterinarian? Annually and when an issue arises

Horse checks: How often are horses visually and physically checked by personnel at the facility? Every day or 6 days a week

Parasite Control: Our organization has the following worming protocols in place: (Check all that apply
    The protocol for each horse is determined in consultation with a veterinarian
    A de-wormer is used without fecal testing
Not Checked:
    Fecal testing is performed prior to the use of a de-wormer.

Fly/Insect Control: What remedies are used to control flies and insects?
    Fly Spray Repellent
    Fly Masks
    Fans

The following represent the biosecurity practices in place at facility:
    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses do not have contact with other horses or other animals
Not Checked:
    Our organization follows the AAEP's Biosecurity Guidelines and/or the UC Davis Biosecurity Guidelines
    The organization has a written biosecurity plan
    All staff are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    All volunteers are trained in best practices related to biosecurity
    A specific individual is assigned to care for sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cared for last if the caretaker must also care for healthy horses
    Restricted access signs are posted at primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Hand sanitizers and footbaths are available at all primary points of access to sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Manure and bedding from sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is disposed of in specific areas designated for infectious materials - not put in open air piles, and not spread on pastures
    Stalls, aisle ways, and common areas are disinfected after conclusion of the quarantine
    Horse trailers/vans used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses are cleaned and disinfected after each use and cleaning takes place away from where horses are sheltered
    Horse-specific equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is not shared and is clearly labeled
    Shared equipment used by sick, affected and/or quarantined horses is cleaned of organic debris and disinfected after each use
    Latex gloves are worn when working with sick, affected and/or quarantined horses
    Personnel are required to leave the facility (or shower and change clothing) after working with quarantined horses
    Horses/equines are not quarantined on arrival.

The following represent the manure removal practices in place at facility:
    Manure piles are composted or spread on pastures
    Our organization adheres to the manure management guidelines set by state and/or local authorities
Not Checked:
    Manure is stored in dumpster(s)
    Manure is piled in an area where horses are not located
    Manure piles are covered
    Manure is hauled, sold or given away

The following steps are taken to help staff and volunteers readily identify each horse on the property:
    Horses are assigned the same stall/location each day
    Name plates are located on the stall
    Staff/volunteers are provided training on conformation, markings, colors, and breeds
    Team leaders work with new staff/volunteers until they are able to identify the horses
Not Checked:
    Photos are located on the stall
    Horses wear halters with nametags
    A notebook or binder with photos and information on each horse is easily accessible
    A map/diagram is posted showing the location of each horse with horse names and photos
    Horse photos and profiles are available on the website
    Staff and volunteers are provided with an information packet with horse profiles, including photos and detailed descriptions

Our organization has the following policies and procedures in place pertaining to tack, apparel and equipment:
     All horses have specifically assigned tack, apparel and equipment that is not shared
    Saddles are shared
    Saddle pads are shared
    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are fitted and utilized for each horse appropriate to the horse's needs and the weather conditions
    Blankets, sheets and turn out apparel are cleaned regularly as needed
    Tack is cleaned weekly
    Tack is assessed for fit before each use by trained personnel
    Assigned tack is clearly labeled
    Tack is stored in a climate-controlled location
    Helmets are replaced after a fall
    Equines are not ridden; not applicable.
Not Checked:
    Bridles are shared
    Bits are shared
    Blankets are shared
    Sheets are shared
    Turnout apparel is shared
     Halters are shared
    Tack is cleaned after each use
    Tack is cleaned only when needed
    Tack is inspected for overall working condition before each use by trained personnel
    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's body condition changes
    Tack is assessed for fit by trained personnel when a horse's disposition changes
    This facility enlists the services of a professional saddle fitter at least once a year
    Helmets are shared
    Helmets are cleaned/disinfected after each use
    Helmets are replaced at least every five years.


EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS: The Equus Effect: Main
The following plans, policies, and procedures are in place at the facility to handle emergencies and address weather related issues, fire safety procedures, and/or any additional hazardous scenarios the facility could potentially experience:
    Emergency procedures are posted prominently
    Emergency phone numbers are posted prominently
    The facility owns or has access to a generator
    The facility maintains at least two weeks of hay, feed, shavings and medications
    The facility maintains appropriate liability and/or workers' compensation insurance
    All staff/volunteers are briefed regularly on emergency preparedness/safety procedures
    The organization has a written emergency preparedness/safety plan (EPP)
Not Checked:
    The facility collects and maintains medical information from staff, volunteers, and clients
The written EPP addresses the following areas:
    Local fire department and/or the state's emergency planning department procedures
    Medical emergencies for clients, staff, and volunteers
    Medical emergencies for horses
    Protocols to notify emergency personnel
    Building/facility exit plans
Not Checked:
    Evacuation plans
    Power outages
    Fire
    Natural Disasters - thunderstorm, hurricanes, earthquakes, tornados, etc
    Terrorist attacks


The facility follows the specific procedures to help PREVENT emergency situations:
    Smoking is strictly prohibited
    Hay is stored away from permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled
    Permanent or temporary structures where horses are stalled are kept free of dust, cobwebs, trash, cleaning rags, and other flammable items
    Aisles and doorways are kept clear
    Heaters with automatic shutoff settings are used
Not Checked:
    NO SMOKING signs are posted prominently

How often are the following checked or performed?
Fire Extinguishers are checked: Monthly
Smoke detectors are checked: Annually
Electrical Systems are checked: Semi-annually
Fence lines are checked: Weekly
Turnout Areas are checked: Weekly
Sprinkler systems are checked: Not at all/NA
Fire drills are conducted: Not at all/NA
Review of safety protocols with staff are conducted: Semi-annually
Review of safety protocols with volunteers are conducted: Quarterly
The Emergency Preparedness Plan is reviewed and updated: Annually

Equine Transportation
2-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  1 Access offsite;
3-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
4-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  1 Access offsite;
6-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;
8-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  1 Access offsite;
10-horse trailer with truck or van:
    0 Owned onsite  0 Access onsite but not owned  0 Access offsite;


EQUINE CENSUS SUMMARY

Total Facilities: 1
The Equus Effect: 2020 - Yes

4 Total number of horses involved with your programs on January 1, 2020
PLUS: Horse Intake during 2020
0 Donated
0 Lease
0 Purchase from Owner
0 Auction
0 Kill Pen/Feedlot
0 Surrendered
0 Seized
0 Abandoned
0 Returned
0 Transfer
0 Born at facility
0 Adoption from Rescue
0 Total intakes
LESS: Horse Departure during 2020
0 Horses adopted/sold:
0 Horses transferred/returned
0 Horses deceased
0 Horses euthanized
0 Total departures
4 Number of horses involved with your programs on December 31, 2020
4 Total number of active horses (not retired) including
horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.
0 Total number of horses permanently retired.

Summary: 4 on 1/1/2020+ 0 Intakes - 0 Departures = 4 on 12/31/2020

Total days that equines were in the care of The Equus Effect during 2020: 1460

2020 The Equus Effect Equine Census
4 Total number of horses involved with your programs on January 1, 2020
PLUS: Horse Intake during 2020
0 Donated
0 Lease
0 Purchase from Owner
0 Auction
0 Kill Pen/Feedlot
0 Surrendered
0 Seized
0 Abandoned
0 Returned
0 Transfer
0 Born at facility
0 Adoption from rescue
0 Total intakes
LESS: Horse Departure during 2020
0 Horses adopted/sold:
0 Horses transferred/returned
0 Horses deceased
0 Horses euthanized
0 Total departures
4 Number of horses involved with your programs on December 31, 2020
4 Total number of active horses (not retired) including
horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.
0 Total number of horses permanently retired.

Summary: 4 on 1/1/2020+ 0 Intakes - 0 Departures = 4 on 12/31/2020




Definitions:
Donation: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a donation document.
Lease: The ownership of the equine is maintained by the owner/trainer/responsible agent; the custody and responsibility for the shelter and care of the equine is transferred to the organization utilizing a lease document.
Owner Purchase: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent utilizing a purchase or adoption document.
Auction: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by acquiring the equine at an auction.
Kill Pen: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by acquiring the equine from a kill pen.
Surrender (Hardship): The ownership and custody of the equine is relinquished to the organization by its owner/trainer/responsible agent with or without the use of an intake document.
Seizure: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization as a result of the equine being seized by law enforcement or another agency and removed from the owner.
Abandonment: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization as a result of the equine being abandoned by the owner or the owner was unable to be located.
Return: The equine was previously a part of the organization, was adopted, and ownership and custody of the equine has been transferred back to the organization.
Transfer: The custody of the equine is transferred within an organization or from one organization to another non-profit or foster organization to provide retirement, retraining, rehabilitation and/or adoption services with no change in ownership.
Born: The equine was born at the facility.
Adoption: The ownership and custody of the equine is transferred to the organization by an organization specializing in the re-homing of equines in transition utilizing a purchase or adoption document.

Foal: An equine up to one year old; a colt is a male foal and a filly is a female foal.
Mare: A female equine.
Stallion: A male equine that has not been castrated.
Gelding: A castrated male equine.

Equine Assisted Services (EAS): Any activity that incorporates equine interactions and/or the equine environment, mounted or unmounted, to include 1) psychotherapy and/or mental health counseling aimed at achieving goals set forth by the licensed mental health professional and the client, 2) occupational therapy, physical therapy, and speech-language pathology treatment strategies utilizing equine movement set forth by the licensed therapist and the client, 3) horsemanship instruction adapted to the ability/disability of those receiving services, for the purpose of contributing positively to their cognitive, physical, emotional and social well-being conducted by a certified professional, and 4) experiential learning approaches that promote the development of life skills to achieve educational, professional and personal goals conducted by a licensed educator, mental health professional or coach. Please refer to our Guidelines for Conducting EAS for additional information.

Special Needs: Any difficulty or difficulties (such as a physical, emotional, behavioral, or cognitive disability or impairment) that require or benefit from instructors, specialists, counselors, trainers and/or facilitators who have certified training for their scope of practice applicable to the people participating in the programs and specific to the program offerings. The difficulty may not be limited to a health issue but may result from the interaction between the individual and the society in which he or she lives arising from an abusive or unhealthy environment or situation and/or a lack of resources, including economic resources, placing them at risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes.

At-Risk: Refers to being at-risk of a future with less than optimal outcomes. Youth are considered at-risk for a number of reasons, such as if they are homeless or transient, involved in drugs or alcohol, abused sexually, physically or emotionally, mentally ill, neglected at home or live in stressful family environments, lacking social or emotional supports, and involved with delinquent peers. At-Risk youth are likely to be involved in a number of risky behaviors, such as running away, skipping school, drinking underage, engaging in sexual behavior, displaying disruptive behavior, bullying/harassment, fighting, and committing acts of vandalism.

Community Outreach: Refers to public education programs aimed at educating the public about the horse-human bond, issues impacting the welfare of horses, and how horses change lives and activities that include, but are not limited to, any activity OTHER THAN Equine Assisted Services (EAS) that require a credentialed service provider, such as off site visits with horses at hospitals, nursing homes, and schools, crisis response, workplace well-being, on site tours, seminars and clinics, camps, community service hours, able-bodied mounted and unmounted lessons, etc.