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PA Racehorse Rehoming, Rehabilitation & Rescue

GUARDIAN PROFILE - Last Updated: 07/26/2018



Chief Staff Officer:  Kathryn Papp, DVM

Employees:   Full-Time:  0  Part-Time:  0  Volunteers:  10

Does your organization utilize a management company for management and administration? No

Describe your training process for employees and volunteers and the types of human resource documents used in your organization including job descriptions, evaluations, etc. Our farm manager will initially meet and work a few hours with all pre-approved job applicants, as well as all volunteers, in order to help assess their comfort and experience level around the horses, farm and other animals, as well as general work ethic.

This happens after potential employees respond to our initial request for help, and provide information about themselves and have usually been recommended or vouched for by mutual trusted contacts.

Local state background checks are run. All new employees work with current manager or other employees multiple days before being allowed to work on their own at all. Volunteers are only allowed while permanent help or a board member is on site with them.

All people on the property must complete hold harmless agreements and have current health insurance.

If any dangerous or careless behavior is noted, the volunteer, potential employee or new employee on trial period will be asked to leave and not hired on permanently.

Volunteers and other employees are asked for open private feedback on their experiences and regarding other workers. President and other board members are often on site and observing at least parts of daily chores and handling.

At this time, we do not have any human resource documents in use. It has been difficult to obtain and keep and pay experienced, reliable and compassionate help, due to the status of non-profit and lack of income. We will gladly update this standard as it becomes necessary and more possible.

Governing Body:

Board meetings per year:  12

Number of Board Members:  8  Number of Voting Board Members:  8

Board Compensation:

Is Board Chair compensated?  No  Is Treasurer compensated?  No

Are there any other Voting Board Members that are compensated?  No

Board Relationships:

Are any members of the Board or Staff related to each other through family or business relationships? Yes

If yes, provide the name, title, responsibility and family/business relationship of each Board and/or Staff member. treasurer and a voting board member

Board Affiliations:

Are any Board members or Staff associated with and/or compensated by another organization with a relationship or business affiliation to your organization? Yes

If yes, provide the name, title, responsibility and family/business relationship of each Board and/or Staff member, and the name of the related organization. President/Founder is also the Vet. Farm manager (not a board member) is also employed by individual leaser of property to care for additional horses on the property that are not associated with the non-profit program, and also to farm/house sit when owners must be away.

Conflict of Interest:

Does your organization have a written conflict of interest policy and regularly and consistently monitor and enforce compliance with the policy, including requiring officers, directors or trustees, and key employees to disclose annually interests that could give rise to conflicts?  Yes


1. What percent of your total programs and services are horse-related? 100

2. Describe your specific horse-related programs services or activities:
     Rehabilitating injured Thoroughbred ex-racehorses, Thoroughbreds that have been in race training, as well as other rescue horses of different breeds:

We take in mostly Thoroughbreds that have previously raced or been in race training (and occasionally other breeds that have not been involved in racing) who have experienced career-limiting or career-ending injuries or conditions and rehabilitate them so that they may be valuable for other careers and uses. Medical procedures, appropriate resting facilities, diagnostics and treatments are provided as necessary.

We have accomplished long-term success with at least 25 previously injured, ill or neglected horses over the past 2 years. We follow up on all adopted PARR horses every month for the first year since adoption and then every other year for at least a total of 3 years.

We are successful in treating and rehabilitating at least 80% of our injured, ill or neglected horses back to useful, sound and healthy adoptable statuses. A special few become comfortable life-long special needs or special care "lifers" at our sanctuary as necessary.

Program success is monitored by the number of successful adoptions, adopter satisfaction and long-term usefulness and healthfulness of our adoptees.

An example of our success with this program is Phil Dancer. Phil Dancer, is a stakes-winning TB racehorse who was listed on Facebook for free or was going to have to be euthanized. When we became aware of his plight Phil had already passed through one other equine rescue, but due to a fractured sesamoid bone in his front ankle and his bully attitude in the group herd, he was deemed to likely not be adoptable and permanently disabled.

We rehabilitated, monitored and medically treated Phil's injuries and even rode him at the PA World Horse Expo in OTTB demonstrations and clinics. We trained him to jump and he was eventually adopted by his previous race jockey's wife as a competition showjumping horse.

Rehabilitating neglected and unwanted slaughter-bound horses:

PARR occasionally takes in auction or kill buyer owned horses, bound for sale at slaughter in Canada or Mexico. Their illnesses and conditions are identified, treated and/or managed until they are healthy and trained enough to be useful equine companions for adopters.

All auction/kill buyer rescue horses that PARR has taken in have been successfully re-homed and followed up with, except for two. One appendix mare, who was pregnant at the time of rescue, remains at the main PARR farm at this point in time. She is showing difficulties with training, but we are working through those. The other kill pen rescue was a young filly who lived with us and was the riding companion of one of our volunteers for over two years. She even competed in some local horse shows. She suddenly passed away in front of our President and veterinarian, as well as farm workers, and despite our greatest and most immediate response and attempts at treatment, she died in our arms. A necropsy was performed and cause of death was diagnosed as due to renal failure and systemic uremia due to rare numerous very large and damaging kidney stones.

All other rescue horse injuries, illnesses and conditions have turned out to be completely resolved or successfully managed.

An example of a success story from this program is a young, very large TB gelding named Popcorn. Popcorn was rescued from a kill buyer and was extremely underweight and made a loud noise when exercising. Once he was nutritionally and systemically healthy an upper airway endoscopic exam was performed and his condition was diagnoses as complete left vocal fold paralysis. His prognosis was determined to be excellent for low to mid-level athletic endeavors and he was adopted by a woman who wanted a horse for light riding and to do some occasional fun jumping with. He is currently very healthy and loved by his adopter and now his adopter, Jen, is even a volunteer at our organization besides!

Re-training and re-homing Thoroughbred ex-racehorses and other program horses:

PARR takes in Thoroughbreds that have raced or been in race training (OTTBs), but who are no longer valuable to their owners in this manner. Owners are more likely to send their OTTBs to public auction or slaughter if there are not programs and rescues, such as PARR, in place to keep them safe and to transition and make them suitable for other equestrian disciplines.

The majority of OTTBs that we have taken in have then been adopted out to excellent homes and have gone on to become show horses, trail horses, pleasure riding horses and companions. Over the past few years, only a handful of adopted PARR horses have been returned or taken back.

An example success story for this program is Max. Max was never raced but trained to the point where he was almost ready to make his first race start when he bowed his tendon. PARR managed and repaired his tendon injury over time and taught him how to ride as a hunter/jumper. Based on his amazing natural movement and quick learning ability, as well as his overall health and soundness, he was adopted out as a show horse to a wonderful family.

3. Enter the total number of facilities/locations where the horses used in the conduct of your horse-related programs are housed and cared for: 1

4. Describe your non-horse-related programs, services or activities you provide, including those involving other animals. We will provide presentations at birthday parties and other functions and speak about canine safety as well as talk about the basic husbandry and interesting facts about dogs, cats, horses, goats, cows and more.

5. Does your organization operate programs involved with animals other than horses?  No


1. Describe your equine management philosophies, practices, policies and operations with respect to the use of the horses in your program, including the rehabilitation and retraining (if applicable), ongoing training, schooling and exercising plan for each horse and your policy as to the number and condition of the horses accepted by your organization. 
     Each horse is addressed, monitored and consistently re-evaluated as an individual.

Many horses that we accept directly off the racetrack have been known by our veterinarian/President throughout their racing careers previously and a pretty extensive history accompanies the horse.

The majority of horses are donated to our program, because they are no longer "useful" to their owners, unwanted or they can no longer properly care for them. Often the donated horses may have undiagnosed lameness, health issues or surgical needs that the owner can not afford to pursue further.

Once horses are taken into our program they are comprehensively assessed for health and soundness status, as well as for behavior and temperment. They are categorized according to where and what kind of turnout situation they can be placed in to, as well as what type of shoeing will be necessary to maintain their soundness.

We try to keep hind shoes off of all horses turned out in groups. We have found that many TBs require front shoes, in our experience, to maintain soundness and hoof integrity.

Most program horses spend 12 hours inside and 12 hours outside each day. Some, especially if they have stall vices, live outside 24 hours a day with constant access to shelter, water and hay.

Our two largest fields are broken into groups of geldings and mares that do well with group turnout.

All horses are brought in twice daily by hand to be fed, checked over, observed and have their hooves picked. Some horses in different stages of training or rehabbing are given access to smaller turnout pens for certain amounts of time per day based on their condition and situation.

Most of the time only one or two adoptable horses are worked with for retraining at one time, based on trainers' limited availability. Luckily, a lot of program horses have a history of cross-training during their racing careers and do not require major changes or re-starting.

Horses are observed closely to determine their mannerisms and personalities before being ridden for the first time by one of our trainers in an indoor arena.

We will not adopt out dangerous or unpredictable horses under any circumstances.

We allow the horses to tell us how much work they are comfortable with and what their strengths and weaknesses may be. We work a lot on balance and self-carriage with our horses, as well as hind-end strengthening.

Most PARR horses are offered for adoption knowing at least basic ring and trail riding skills, as well as having experience jumping at least a basic crossrail, if their condition permits it. Many are placed with training even further along than that.

Occasionally, horses who we are very familiar with, will be offered for adoption soon after their exit from the track, but the majority are given significant let down time with turnout and rest before resuming under tack exercise.

In the rare case that we have an unbroke or very young horse we start with basic training from the ground up, developing manners and ground driving skills and response to voice commands. In-stall mounting and eventual round pen work will follow along with gradual increase in under tack training.

We accept horses in all kinds of condition, however, will never adopt out a horse in bad body or health condition. Any health or soundness issues, once managed to the best of our ability, are fully disclosed to any potential adopters and those conditions are included in print in our adoption contract.

Currently PARR has 21 program horses, 7 of whom are lifers or sanctuary animals. The rest are either rehabbing, in the process of being assessed for long-term use, are in the let-down stage or are listed for adoption.

We have 16 permanent stalls with the ability to quickly erect 4-5 additional temporary stalls as needed. We are in the process of renovating and will hopefully be able to add additional stalls to increase our ability to help more unwanted horses.

2. Describe how your horses are acquired (adoption, seizure, surrender, donation, purchase, auction sale, retirement). 
     The majority of our horses are donated to the PARR program.

In the past we have taken in horses from a kill buyer situation at the request of other rescues, once purchased by a public fundraising effort, not initiated by our organization.

We also agree to take back any program horses that adopters can no longer, for any reason, care for properly.

We have the ability to repossess program horses after adopted if they are found not to be being cared for up to the standards described in our adoption contract, which are based off the of AAEP standard of care guidelines.

3. Describe under what circumstances horses leave your organization. Please describe in detail your horse adoption/fostering practices and procedures including any recruitment initiatives you have to attract potential adopters. Please include your policies and practices with respect to horses that are no longer useful or manageable and horses that need to be retired. 
     Horses are adopted out from our program to adopters who meet our criteria and are deemed to be a likely good match with the horse they are applying for. They must first fill out our adoption application, which is reviewed by our board members and voted upon, and references are checked, along with a local state background jurisdictional check. We may request additional information or proof of good stewardship if we feel it is warranted.

We have an established "Do Not Adopt To" list that is maintained and updated.

We list program horses up for adoption on our website and Facebook page. We may share these listings via Twitter, Instagram and among horsemen groups we are members of. In general our basic adoption listing will at least include the horse's name, age, sex, height, breed, history and any notable limitations or pertinent other information, conformation pictures of the horse, a head shot(s), and jog in hand videos. As riding videos are able to be taken we will include those as well.

If we are hosting any fundraisers or attending any events, we will feature and display our current adoptable horse listings prominently.

Most adopters do choose to come visit the horse that they are interested in before adopting. We offer them the ability to watch the horse be worked around, tacked up and ridden by one of our representatives. Under certain circumstances, and after a hold harmless agreement has been completed, potential adopters are allowed to ride their potential mount before adopting.

Both the potential adopter and program representative present must agree that the match between horse and rider seems to be appropriate in order to move forward with the transaction and signing of adoption contract.

Horses who are not considered to be adoptable (but still enjoy a good quality of life) and/or those who need to be retired will become part of our sanctuary group of horses who just eat and hang out as pasture companions.

This is unless the horse is in some sort of constant distress or suffering, in which case, they will be humanely euthanized if no alternative to appropriately relieve said stress or pain is available.

4. For new horses, describe your initial assessment process for each horse (i.e. physical examination, test ride, health record, Coggins test, quarantine, veterinary consult, etc.). 
     All horses have a current negative Coggins before arriving at our facility. They are updated as required.

Any auction or kill pen exposed horses will undergo a minimum of 2 weeks of strict quarantine prior to exposure to other horses and other locations on the property.

A comprehensive physical examination by our veterinarian is completed on intake, a history is obtained as best as possible, a soundness evaluation is completed and a set of screening radiographs are taken of each horse.

If history is unknown or horse is due, they will be fecal tested and dewormed, vaccinated with core vaccinations, assessed by a dentist and floated if necessary, seen by our farrier and a shoeing/trimming plan will be determined.

Additionally, a feeding regimen will be created for the individual horse based on current status and frequently monitored and adjusted as needed.

Most program horses will be fitted with a leather halter and waterproof breathable sheet or fly sheet and mask depending on the time of year.

Often a test ride is not initially possible.

Within the next few months (by Spring 2017) we plan to begin microchipping and humanely freeze branding our program horses with a unique, easily identifiable and registered brand, that would alert anyone who sees a horse with our brand in a bad situation to contact us immediately.

5. Describe your overall horse health care plan and how you assess and monitor the health of your horses on an ongoing basis. Include a description of your vaccination and worming schedule. Include a description of your health/veterinary care plan for at-risk animals, geriatric horses and horses with serious issues. 
     Our President, Co-Founder and Veterinarian lives on site at the PARR home farm in Harrisburg, PA.

Horses are assessed twice daily during feedings by trained staff who are familiar with each horse's personality, quirks, usual behaviors and mannerisms and what could potentially be considered abnormal symptoms.

A list of abnormal equine symptoms or signs that, if noted, should be cause for a worker or volunteer to alert the manager, veterinarian or board member is hanging in the main barn tack room for reference.

If anything abnormal is noted or even suspected, the veterinarian is notified and findings by staff are written in treatment and findings book in our barn.

All horses suspected of "just not being right" or who are not eating appropriately have their temperatures taken and recorded.

Hooves are picked at this time and confirmed to be free of disease and potentially dangerous objects such as rocks, nails, etc.

If blanketed, horses' Body Condition Scores are assessed with blankets removed at least weekly.

Water intake is monitored as best as possible when horses are out, and even more precisely when in stalls.

Usual vaccination schedule for healthy adult horses is:

Fall: Flu/Rhino (EHV1/4 + EIV), Rabies, Botulism

Spring: Flu/Rhino (EHV1/4 + EIV), EWT/WNV

If horses are known to be traveling south they will receive a WNV booster.

If horses receive wounds they will receive tetanus antitoxin and a booster of tetanus toxoid.

Horses coming from auction or kill pen settings are tested for serum S. equi equi (Strangles) antibody titres. Occasionally, a PCR for S. equi is performed via gutteral pouch flush if deemed necessary.

Based on current scientific evidence and endemic incidences of disease we do carry, but do not routinely administer the Strangles or Potomac Horse Fever vaccines. If the scientific evidence changes or disease profiles change we may discuss and adjust our protocols.

We monitor horses closely for ticks and provide many methods of repelling them and preventing disease.

Often we do take baseline levels and updated results if needed, of Lyme titres using Cornell Lyme Multiplex and EPM via UC Davis IFAT testing.

All horses receive a dental examination and float at least once yearly, more frequently if indicated.

Horses are trimmed or shod as per farrier's recommendations, depending on season, usually every 4-8 weeks.

At-risk horses, geriatric horses and horses with certain issues are managed as individuals, just like the rest of those in our care.

EMS and PSSM are conditions we identify frequently and diets are designed to reflect our attention to their predilections. Low starch/high fat, vit e supplemented, etc.

All horses receive electrolytes daily in their feed to encourage consistent water intake.

Geriatric horses are almost always provided with a premium complete senior feed in addition to either chopped forage or other supportive GI supplements and formulations ie. alfalfa cubes, hay pellets, soaked beet pulp, etc.

If certain conditions are suspected, such as Cushing's Syndrome, horses are tested and provided with the appropriate daily medication, supplementation and monitoring.

Horses with serious issues are closely watched for changes in demeanor, attitude, status in herd hierarchy, body condition, signs of discomfort, deterioration, etc. and are managed by our veterinarian, with maintaining their humane care and quality of life our highest priority.

6. What is the euthanasia policy? Please include specifically under what circumstances your organization will euthanize a horse and whether your organization will euthanize a healthy but difficult horse for space: 
     We will not euthanize a healthy but difficult horse for space.

Our euthanasia policy is that we will provide immediate humane euthanasia according to AAEP and AVMA guidelines if any of our animals are:

a)experiencing significant unrelenting/nonresponsive pain or suffering and are unlikely to survive the ride to a referral facility

b)are in distress more often than not and are no longer able to be enjoy the activities and things they used to

c)if they are injured or ill, are definitively diagnosed and given a grave prognosis for life, even as a companion animal

d)if they continue to display dangerous or unpredictable behavior to handlers or other animals, that has not been able to be resolved with medical treatment, consistent and specialized training and handling or different management techniques

e)IF, only in the worst case scenario, in the event that the organization/majority funding members are incapacitated or suddenly lose all financial ability to provide consistently for the basic needs of the each animal's health and well-being;

AND EVERY attempt possible has been made to reach out to other organizations, members, foundations, networks, to the public;

AND absolutely all avenues to either re-home or transfer the animals to appropriate homes or raise necessary funds or supplies to correct the situation have been exhausted,

AT THAT POINT the remaining program horses will be humanely euthanized

7. What is the breeding policy? Please include specifically if horses become pregnant while in your care, and if there is a no-breeding clause in the documentation your organization uses to adopt, donate, sell, etc. a horse: 
     We do not adopt our or keep any intact males in our program, unless there is an extremely compelling medical reason to do so.

We do not allow any breeding of program animals while in our organization and strongly discourage breeding by our adopters, expect for in a few specific instances.

Some examples of these instance could be where the animal has gone on to accomplish something extraordinary in the competition world or equine industry in general, or if a mare has significantly valuable lineage that should be encouraged to be preserved from a genetic diversity perspective.

Indiscriminate, not professionally guided, backyard breeding is strongly discouraged in every case.

If we take in a mare to our program, who is found to be pregnant, and that pregnancy is deemed to be healthy and not a risk to the mare, we will allow the foaling process to take place, making sure to provide all necessary pregnancy and foal care.

We would expect to wean the foal from mare at approximately 6 months of age, unless otherwise medically recommended, and raise and train the foal and mare for adoption as per our other animals.

We do not adopt out horses 2 years of age or younger.

We would rarely adopt out an unbroke horse, unless to a very unique situation where the horse would benefit more there, than it would with us at the PARR farm. The situation would have to allow the horse be able to be followed up with and monitored closely and frequently by PARR.

8. Does your organization provide horses to any facility to use in research or medical training? 

9. If your answer to Question 8 is 'Yes', please explain where and for what purpose horses are provided to use in research or medical training?  NA

10. Does your organization sell, donate or give a horse to an auction? 

11. If your answer to Question 10 is 'Yes', describe under the circumstances where you have sold, donated, or given a horse to an auction, or where you would sell, donate, or give a horse to an auction. NA

12. Does your organization place horses in foster care? 

13. If your answer to Question 12 is 'Yes', describe how foster homes are selected, screened, and monitored and address all the questions below for each foster home in the space provided: 
     We have done this once (placed a horse with a foster caretaker) and made sure to cover all of our bases with background checking, reference checking and working with this foster home for a significant period of time before allowing them to foster a PARR horse.

The fostering situation did not work out well, despite all of that, as well as the horse being close by and frequently visited.

Our standard of veterinary care and basic preventative health care was not provided despite contractual agreement to do so, therefore, our current policy will be changing to indicate that we will no longer foster out PARR animals, unless it is to board members or to the President's family's NJ farm (also the satellite PARR site).

14. What is the average equine adoption fee/donation received by your organization: $751 to $1,000

15. Adoption Fee Policies
  Adoption fees may vary depending on species.
  Adoption fees may vary depending on the equine level of training.
  Adoption fees may vary depending on the equine breed.
  Adoption fees may vary depending on the equine age.
  Adoption fees may vary depending on the equine type.
  Adoption fees may vary depending on the equine health and soundness.

16. What is your position regarding varying adoption fees vs. one set fee:
  Our organization approves of this concept.

17. Provide any additional explanation to your answers if needed:


This section must be completed for each facility/location where the horses used in the conduct of your horse-related programs are housed and cared for. For example, if the applicant is involved with horse rescue and utilizes foster care facilities, the applicant must complete this section for each foster care facility. If the applicant provides equine assisted activities/services to the public at more than one location, the applicant must complete this section for each location that horse-related services are provided. If your organization uses the facility of another organization, please enlist the aid of that organization in answering the questions.

Total facilities at which our organization operates horse-related programs: 1


Location 1 of 1
PARR Home Farm

1008 Piketown Rd. Harrisburg PA 17112

1. Facility General Questions

1. Name of Contact: Kathryn Papp, DVM

2. Contact's Phone: 802-238-0094

3. Contact's Email: kpapp@hotmail.com

4. Does your organization own, lease or use a part of this facility? Lease

5. If not owned, provide the name, address, phone, email and contact person of the organization(s) and/or individual(s) who owns the facility: This facility is leased by our organization's President and Co-founder, Kathryn Papp, DVM.

The owner of the property is:

Gladys Wills
Sandy View Lane
Harrisburg, PA 17112

6. If your organization does not own this facility, does your organization have a written agreement with the owner? Enter Yes or No.   Yes

7. If your organization does not own this facility, please provide the following information below: Start date and end date of current written agreement (term) and what is the organization's plan for the end of the written agreement? 
     The start date of written agreement was 01/01/2014 and it is an ongoing contract with no end date, with the ability to revise if this property is purchased by Dr. Papp or if new or additional facility is purchased or leased by Dr. Papp or the organization.

8. If your organization leases or uses a part of this facility, please provide the details as to what services are provided by the owner and if and how the owner is compensated.. 
     There is no fee or payment by the organization for use of facility or the full care of the horses currently, as these expenses have up to currently been funded in the majority (>90%) by Dr. Papp directly. As the organization grows and is better able to attract new sponsors, grants and supporters and becomes closer to being self-sufficient, the agreed next step would be to move PARR animals and program to a different nearby location or renovate this property and attempt to purchase.

9. Does your organization operate programs involving horses AT THIS FACILITY that serve individuals with special needs, including but not limited to equine assisted activities and therapies? No

10. Enter the total number of instructors/trainers (full-time and part-time) involved with your organization's horse-related programs at this facility: 2.

2. Facility Horse-Related Questions

1. Enter the total acreage dedicated specifically to the horses: 13

2. Describe the number and type of pastures and paddocks, fencing, enclosures, stabling including barns and run-in sheds. 2 large fields approximately 5.5-6 acres each (Mares and Geldings fields). 1 large run-in shed in the mares' field and 2 medium sized run-in sheds in the geldings'. 2 additional run-ins total have recently been ordered to add to these fields. The current shed in the mares' field is solid and 3 sided made of wood posts and solid boards covered with metal siding and roof, built up with stone dust and a step up to prevent water gathering. There is a mirror image enclosure on the backside of this one, which supplies our medium paddock with the same shelter, divided from the mares' side by a solid wooden wall. The large boys' field has two enclosures that extend off of the lower barn and are enclosed on three sides with concrete and rubber matting and have a wood/tin roof. There is a medium paddock in front of the large mares' field approximately 1/2 acre in size with mirror image run-in shed that is in large field it backs up to. There is a small rectangular dirt, salvage, rehab pen made of wood post and board with electric poly-wire top line. It is approximately the size of two large stalls. There is a small-medium dirt square turnout area that is between the front part of the mare and geldings' fields. It is approximately the size of 10 large stalls and has a small run in that extends from the barn at about 12 x 12ft. There is a medium sized paddock in the front of the property, sharing a fence line with the previous discussed medium paddock, which can interchangeably be used as a riding area or turn out, depending on weather and ground surface. There is no shelter in this paddock. It is approximately 100 x 120ft. There is a portable uncovered round pen with a diameter of approximately 28 feet currently just next to the lower barn, which is used for rehab turnout. There is a square area just outside the upper barn that can be closed off by gates at all junctions and if necessary can be used as a small sacrifice turnout space. It is approximately the size of 4 large stalls. It has no shelter, but does have the possibility of being left with an opening into the upper barn. Fencing is almost finished being replaced completely from the original and will all be new by mid 2017. The front riding area is grass with post and 3 board wooden fencing. The large fields have perimeter fencing made of 4 vertical strands of equine electric poly-coated wire. The smaller dirt paddocks have post and board with top line of electric poly-coated wire. There are 2 main barns. Upper barn houses 10 10x10 stalls and has attached but separate tack/feed room. Lower barn houses 6 10x12 stalls and also has attached toilet room/tack storage. The hay barn is a loft used mostly for storage that is between the upper and lower barns and partially sits above the lower barn. Temporary stalls can be erected in this area if necessary. There is a house where PARR President lives approximately 1/8 acre in front of lower barn.

3. Describe how you manage the use of your pastures/paddocks given the size and number of your pastures/paddocks and the number of horses you have at this facility.
     Mare's Field: approximately 5-8 at any time, can be easily divided temporarily in order to apply pasture pro, lime or to reseed and rest. Gelding's Field: approximately 8-10 at any time, can be easily divided temporarily in order to apply pasture pro, lime or to reseed and rest. Medium run in field is used for 2-3 horses who either prefer to be in a smaller group or are in training. Small and medium dirt paddocks are used for horses in varying stages of rehab. Round pen is used for those in early stages of rehab.

4. How many hours of daily turnout do the horses get? (Estimate or Average) 12

5. Describe the area where your training, riding and equine related activities are conducted, including what type of footing/surface is utilized and what factors were considered to determine the suitability and condition of the area for the activities conducted.
     We mostly train and ride at our neighbors beautiful show facility, Bedrock Farm, with a 100 x 180 coverall indoor arena with rubber footing and 200 x 120 outdoor ring with stone dust and sand. All are impeccably maintained. Occasionally we will ride in the front grass fenced in area on our own property if the footing is appropriate. We will roll, aerate and seed as needed.

6. Is the facility in compliance with the Care Guidelines for Rescue and Retirement Facilities prepared by the American Association of Equine Practitioners (whether or not your organization is directly involved with rescue and retirement)? Yes

7. If no, please explain and specifically describe the areas in which the facility is not compliant. Not Applicable

8. If this facility is recognized as compliant with the published standards of another applicable organization, and/or accredited by another applicable organization, including any state licensure or registration process, please provide the details.
     Homes for Horses Coalition - http://homesforhorses.org/ 4017 Bunch Walnuts Rd. Chesapeake, VA 23322 cindy@homesforhorses.org 757-932-0394 Veterinarians for Equine Welfare - http://www.vetsforequinewelfare.org/ info@vetsforequinewelfare.org Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries (GFAS) - currently finalizing acceptance once/if we remove allowance for adopters of mares to eventually breed from by-laws, HOWEVER, we do currently meet their on-site sanctuary and care standards - http://www.sanctuaryfederation.org/gfas/about-gfas/ robin@sanctuaryfederation.org 623-252-5122. Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries PO Box 32294 Washington, DC 20007 As well, we are always in compliance with local district and state rules and recommendations for care and facilities for our animals

9. Describe the availability/accessibility of emergency horse transportation at this facility.
     At all times. Two trucks and horse trailers owned by Dr. Papp, who lives on premises, are always accessible.

10. Do the horses have specific tack assignments? No

11. Describe the plan, process and/or procedures to insure appropriate assessment of tack and the use for saddle fittings, tack, blankets, etc.
     We generally start riding all horses in baby pad, supracor half pad, Antares hunter/jumper saddle, breastplate with running martingale attachment, anatomic leather or breathable synthetic girth and Miklem competition bridle with either rubber or hollow mouth loose ring snaffle. If any of these pieces of equipment do not appear to fit or suit the horse during the ride, they will be exchanged for something more appropriate. We have an unlimited amount of many varieties of tack and padding combinations as well as leg protection immediately at our disposal within the trailer or tack room. Occasionally horses are ridden in ear stuffs, if indicated. We may also use a set of draw reins in addition to snaffle rein or a German martingale to work on certain skills for a short period of time, on occasion. Some horses do prefer to go in hackamore or bitless bridle. We have at least 5 elite saddles to choose from and multiple types of padding from keyhole, to half to full pads with varying shims to be used as needed. Blankets are provided to all in winter and horses are usually not clipped. They are all light waterproof breathable sheets with tough exterior. They are changed out or removed as appropriate when weather is warm or if blankets are soaked or damaged. Polos and/or brushing tendon boots are also utilized during jump schooling or if a horse is known to travel sideways or act up. Many horses turnout and ride in bell boots to prevent loss of shoes. Horses are all asked to do stretches before and after rides, range of motion of necks and backs and SI are assessed and belly lifts and front leg pulls done to assure the best possible comfort and to catch any abnormalities or discomfort early on.

12. Describe the system used by your organization to help staff and volunteers readily identify each horse on the property.
     Digital pictures of each horse are taken and posted on a board with their name in the tack rooms. We also have a print out version or can text or email the picture/name/description list to them. There are also horses' names on small wipe boards on the stalls that the horses eat in or share between AM/PM. We are considering adding cow tags to halters, but halters seem to be damaged too readily and are always being exchanged. Volunteers are always supervised by knowledgeable staff and are encouraged to ask questions if uncertain and are frequently checked in on.

13. Describe your housing plan and the turnout process/plan for horses normally stall bound.
     Most stall bound horses live in our lower barn with larger padded stalls and better climate control. They are provided with hay nets and boredom buster toys and consistent interaction with workers and volunteers. If absolutely necessary for safety, the stall bound horses may receive short or longer acting anti-anxiety medications if discussed and agreed on with veterinarian. If it is safe to do so, stall-bound horses may be walked the few feet to just outside the barn and allowed to graze briefly. The lower barn is bedded deeply with dust free chopped bagged straw, ventilation is carried from front to back through the aisle and can be supplemented with individual stall fans or aisleway large industrial fans. Once it is time for the horse to be reintroduced to turnout again, it is done gradually, beginning with mild oral sedatives and turnout in the round pen for a few hours. This can increase to 8 hours if the horse is comfortable and calm. Over a few weeks to months, following veterinary guidelines, the turnout moves from round pen to small square turnouts without sedatives. Eventually the horse will be paired with one other good babysitter equine companion and turned out for a half day in the medium field. Once the horse has bonded with their new friend and has spent enough time in medium paddock, they both will be turned out together in the larger group field, to hopefully prevent bullying or exclusion. Large field turnout usually coincides with the ability to at least tack walk the horse. Sometimes this can be started earlier on in the rehab process.

14. Describe your feed, feed management plan and your guidelines for the use of supplements.
     We provide whichever feed is most appropriate to maintain the health of each individual horse and are always open to adjusting our program based on current science and research. Our base feeds are Nutrena Pro Force Fuel pellets and Purina Impact 12/8 textured feed. We frequently add Nutrena Boost, extruded fat supplement pellet, to diets of hard-keepers or those who require more fat in their diet. For the easy keepers, we provide Nutrena Balance (balancer pellet for mainly forage only diets). We also keep grass hay pellets, alfalfa pellets, hay cubes, soaked beet pulp without molasses, Purina Well gel Rx diet, Hydration Hay blocks and Nutrena Safechoice senior. All horses receive electrolyte powder in their feed daily, preferably sugar-free if they will eat it. We frequently provide Standard Process GI Support powder supplement to those who show signs of GI disturbance. Water soluble vitamin e (Elevate) is provided to horses with neurologic or muscular conditions. If a horse appears to have gastric ulcers, they will originally be treated with gastroguard and followed up with ranitidine and/or sucralfate. Other supplements are sometimes included for horses rehabbing from certain injuries involving bones, joints or certain soft tissues. Most frequently we use Platinum Performance CJ. Weights of horses are monitored very frequently both visually, using BCS system and weight tapes. If any changes are noted, the horse is examined for underlying cause(s), and diet is addressed to help correct the change.

15. How do you use the Henneke Body Conditioning Score to guide you in your hennekeing/exercising/use practices for each horse?
     Every horse receives a Henneke BCS on arrival and is re-assessed frequently. A chart describing the system is posted at the farm for explanation to those not used to employing the scoring system. We aim for a BCS of 5-6 for most of our horses.

16. Please describe your activities to limit or control the advent and spread of disease within your facility (Biosecurity plan). This should include but is not limited to your manure management and disposal procedures, your carcass disposal plan and your parasite control plan. Please indicate the role of your veterinarian in the development and implementation of your overall plan.
     Any animal carcasses are picked up within 24 hours of death by a commercial service and either sent to cremation center, disposal company or laboratory for examination if warranted. Our parasite control plan involves individual fecal egg count testing twice yearly in early spring and late summer. Horses are not dewormed throughout winter unless warranted. They are given double dose pyrantel in March, a combined ivermectin/praziquantel product in late May, and Quest Plus in fall. This is our standard protocol, but will be adjusted based on fecal testing results, except for the Quest Plus in late fall. Manure is cleaned from stalls daily and run-in sheds weekly. It is piled in a 3-sided fenced in area between the upper and lower barns and it is either removed by a local farmer or, if possible, spread over one of our resting paddocks/field. Fly predators are included at manure pile starting in early spring. Fly and tick spray or spot ons are used during that season. Also, barn-wide sticky strip apparatuses are put up and fans to circulate air. Roll on and ointment anti-flying insect repellents are also used as necessary along with protective horsewear. Our biosecurity plan involves close monitoring of all horses for any signs of illness or ill-thrift. If a horse is showing signs of possible contagious disease, they are initially relegated to a stall until a tentative diagnosis can be made and treatment plan employed. Other horses that have been in contact with that one are also watched more closely in case of communication of disease. Our quarantine procedures are mentioned and discussed above and apply to any auction or kill-pen obtained horses or others without known histories.

17. Please describe your emergency preparedness plans that address weather related issues, fire safety procedures and/or any additional hazardous scenarios your facility could potentially experience.
     Our biggest emergency preparedness plans are in regard to fire, snow, freezing rain and power outages. We have an easily accessible fire extinguisher with "for dummies" instructions on how to use it, in case of emergency (AND quickly), within each individual barn. Battery or solar operated night lights are nearby to help guide an individual to their whereabouts when power is not working. Obviously, IN CASE OF EMERGENCY CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY, is embedded into our workers and volunteers minds from the first minute they step foot on to our property. Since our barns open up, if necessary, directly into large enclosed pastures, our posted procedure in case of fire, after alerting authorities, is to open all stall doors and chase horses via wide open chute system into pasture areas which reach for many acres (with no forest/wood to allow for continued burn). There are halters and lead ropes in excess, and easily accessible at all times, hanging either on individual stall door hooks or also at both ends of each barn aisle. Horses that are stalled are known and can be easily identified, counted and examined once freed from burning buildings. Precautionary measures are taken to minimize likelihood of barn fires, with new electrical box and fittings being installed as I write this, no excess electrical mechanisms are plugged in unless absolutely necessary (especially overnight), no smoking in or near barns is allowed, safety inspections for fire hazards are done bi-annually, night-check is a regular occurrence and President and husband live within 200 feet of all barns, which are in full view from the house at all times. Consideration for installing fire alarms within barns is taking place, but often due to malfunctioning, this has potential to cause more problems with horses than good, if not properly planned and installed. A future plan is to add lightning rods to each building/shelter, as is already the case at the farm in NJ. All wiring that must be transmitted via electrical cords to paddocks, etc. (ie. for trough heaters) are heavy gauge outdoor duty cords and all connections are covered/insulated by water and weatherproof cases. Any and all heating devices have automatic shutoff settings in case of dislodging or accidental knock over. Many cords are buried beneath ground wherever possible or tightly zip tied to fence line/boards and covered in a way to prevent horses from chewing/playing with them or simply out of the horses' reach. Regarding power outages, along with our electrical renovation taking place currently, a manual transfer switch is being installed that will be wired to a large 8500 gas-running generator with enough power to supply both house and barns with water and basic electrical necessities. Additionally, multiple very large air and water tight food-grade containers filled with fresh water are stored in hay loft and house garage at all times. We have indoor/outdoor battery powered lighting and heating/cooling available as well. We are fortunate to be close to other farms on this road and we have found that all horsemen and women (as well as general local farmers) usually are willing to work closely together during situations like these to help out each other and the animals.

18. Please describe the security in place at the facility or facilities to restrict public access and to keep horses safe. Do you have a security system and/or on-premises caretaker?
     There is no electronic security system currently. President Papp and husband live on site within view of all buildings and there is someone on premises almost 24/7/365 between workers, volunteers and house dwellers. The installation of barn and outdoor cameras is being discussed at next board meeting and will depend on finances available. However, Dr. Papp and her husband are privileged to have 6 large and intimidating dogs who live in the house with them, and who happen to have very sensitive hearing and love to alert when any noise foreign (or sometimes not!) to them is heard outside or around the property!! Our neighbors are also close and keep eye on property, as their dog loves to be a volunteer farm helper most days and we are happy to keep him entertained. Each barn has multiple stop gaps in place to make escape or moving horses quietly/easily quite difficult. The stalls each have a front and back closure, snap or latch. The barns each have 2 x 4 boards blocking exit from the aisle unless taken down, sliding heavy barn doors are just past the aisle boards and then about 50 feet from the barn doors are metal gates always kept shut unless a delivery is being made. The barn is nestled discreetly behind the house and most people driving by do not even know it exists. However, in order to access the farm property, a person(s) must drive along the paved drive, which is literally up against the side of the house, for a few hundred yards just in order to pass the homestead. That is also the only point available for exit, making it unlikely an intruder or dangerous person(s) could get by either way without being noticed immediately by a human or loud k9 protection squad. There are dusk to dawn lights hanging outside each barn and along driveway that are constantly lit overnight and night lights in each barn.

19. Provide the contact information for the individual or organization responsible for investigating abuse in the county where the facility is located, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Humane Society of Harrisburg Area Charlotte Hassman - charlotteh@humanesocietyhbg.org Director of Animal Care or any of the SPCA Humane Animal Officers that service West Hanover Township from this center. 7790 Grayson Road | Harrisburg, PA 17111 www.humanesocietyhbg.org | p: 717-564-3320 Ext. 110 | f: 717-564-1867 http://pda.state.pa.us/BAHDS/HSPO/HSPOSearch.aspx Officer Name Non-Profit Corp Name Counties Exp Date BENNY, DANIEL CENTRAL PENNSYLVANIA ANIMAL ALLIANCE 1802 SILVER PINE CIRCLE MECHANICSBURG PA 17050 (P) 717-732-0611 DAUPHIN 05/06/2018 HOLLISTER, RONALD L THE PHOENIX RESCUE GROUP P.O. BOX 833 CARLISLE PA 17013 (P) 717-226-1575 CENTRE CUMBERLAND DAUPHIN LEBANON NORTHUMBERLAND PERRY YORK 05/06/2018 NOLL, PATRICK D HUMANE SOCIETY OF HARRISBURG 7790 GRAYSON RD HARRISBURG PA 17111 (P) 717-564-3320 (F) 717-564-1867 CUMBERLAND DAUPHIN PERRY 05/06/2018

20. Other than the animal control authority noted above, provide the contact information for all local, state and/or national authorities with whom your organization engages to address issues impacting horse welfare, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     1: State Horse Council - Pennsylvania Horse Council - http://pennsylvaniaequinecouncil.org/ Pennsylvania Equine Council. | Post Office Box 303 | Windsor, PA 17366-0303 | 1.888.304.0281 | info@pennsylvaniaequinecouncil.org. 2: Unwanted Horse Coalition - http://www.unwantedhorsecoalition.org/ Jennifer Purcell Director, Unwanted Horse Coalition American Horse Council 1616 H Street, NW 7th Floor Washington, DC 20006 202.296.4031 202.296.1970 (fax) www.unwantedhorsecoalition.org www.horsecouncil.org 3: American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) - http://www.aaep.org/ American Association of Equine Practitioners American Association of Equine Practitioners 4033 Iron Works Parkway Lexington, KY 40511 (859)233-0147 (Phone) (859)233-1968 (Fax) aaepoffice@aaep.org 4. Homes For Horses Coalition - http://homesforhorses.org/ Homes for Horses Coalition 4017 Bunch Walnuts Rd. Chesapeake, VA 23322 cindy@homesforhorses.org 757-932-0394 5. Large Animal Protection Services (LAPS) - PA - http://largeanimalprotectionsociety.org/_LAPS/contact/ Large Animal Protection Society P. O. Box 243 West Grove, PA 19390 ph: 610-869-9880 6. Thoroughbred Aftercare Alliance (TAA) - currently working towards accreditation, first time applying - http://www.thoroughbredaftercare.org/ Thoroughbred Aftercare Alliance c/o The Jockey Club 821 Corporate Dr. Lexington, KY 40503 859-224-2756 info@thoroughbredaftercare.org 7. CANTER PA - https://canterusa.org/pennsylvania/ CANTER Pennsylvania 445 Spangler Road New Oxford, PA 17350 8. After The Finish Line - http://www.afterthefinishline.org/ After the Finish Line 10153 Riverside Drive, Suite 397 Toluca Lake, CA 91602 Email: dawn@afterthefinishline.org 9. Thoroughbred Charities of America (TCA) - http://www.tca.org/ PO Box 910668 Lexington, Kentucky 40591 E-mail: ecrady@tca.org Phone: (859) 276-4989 10. Veterinarians for Equine Welfare - http://www.vetsforequinewelfare.org/ info@vetsforequinewelfare.org 11. Retired Racehorse Program (RRP) https://www.retiredracehorseproject.org/ info@retiredracehorseproject.org (410) 798-5140 440 Dodon Rd, Davidsonville, MD 21035 12. World Horse Expo - http://wordpress1.horseworldexpo.com/ Equestrian Promotions, Inc. P O Box 924 Bel Air, MD 21014 301-916-0852 fax:301-916-0853 info@horseworldexpo.com As well as with State USDA/APHIS Veterinarians: U.S. Department of Agriculture‚Äôs Veterinary Services https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/importexport (717) 540-2770 2301 NORTH CAMERON STREET, HARRISBURG, PA 17110

Veterinarian Information

View The Vet Checklist conducted on 05/13/2018

Veterinarian: Kathryn Papp, DVM

Clinic Name: Hillcrest Meadow Equine    Street: 1008 Piketown Road    City: Harrisburg  State: PA    Zip: 17112

Phone: 8022380094    Email: officehillcrestmeadowequine@aol.com

Instructors assigned to this Facility
(see Instructor Section)

     1. Instructor: Kathryn Papp

     2. Instructor: Monti N. Sims

3. Facility Horse-Related Inventory Questions

1-a. Enter the total number of horses involved with your organization's programs that are currently housed at this facility: 16.

1-b. Enter the total number of horses housed at this facility: 26

1-c. Enter the maximum capacity of horses at this facility: 32

2017 Horse Inventory

1-d. Did your organization operate programs involving horses HOUSED AT THIS FACILITY during January 1-December 31, 2017? Please select Yes or No. Yes

18 2-a. Total number of horses housed at this facility involved with your programs on January 1, 2017.

           + 7 2-b. Total number of intakes other than returns including donated, purchased, surrendered or rescued.

           +  2-c. Total number of horses returned.

25 = Total of 2a-2c

           - 7 2-d. Total number of horses adopted during the year.

           - 3 2-e. Total number of horses transferred to another facility during the year.

           - 0 2-f. Total number of horses deceased during the year.

10 = Total of 2d-2f

15 2-g. Total number of horses housed at this facility involved with your programs on December 31, 2017.

            6 2-h. Total number of horses not retired including horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.

            9 2-i. Total number of horses permanently retired.

2017 Horse Care Costs

$     Feed (Grain/Hay).

$     Bedding.

$     Veterinarian.

$     Farrier.

$     Dentist.

$     Manure Removal.

$     Medications & Supplements.

$     Horse/Barn Supplies.

$     Horse Care Staff.

$     Horse Training.

$     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.

$90275     2017 Total Horse Care Costs

$10200     2017 Total Donated Horse Care Costs

5475     Grand total of the total number of days each equine was in the care of this facility during 2017.

Average cost per day per horse: $16
Question 3 ($90,275 ) divided by Question 4 (5475).

Average length of stay for an equine: 219 days
Question 4 (5475) divided by total of Questions 2a-c (25).

4. Self Assessment

I. Facility & Grounds


Program Use of Horses for Special Needs at this Facility Not Applicable.

V. Instructors/Trainers

     1. *Instructor: Kathryn Papp

         *Facility Participation:

         PARR Home Farm

Is the instructor certified by an organization that provides training in the programs, activities and/or services conducted by the organization? No

Please use the space below to share any additional information about this instructor. Kathryn Papp got her first experience with horseback riding at a summer camp as a young girl in her home state of NJ. Her first horse was a registered QH named Buddy whom she rode, competed and showed on the National AQHA circuit. She was even named to the Youth Zone 2 Congress Team. Eventually, Kathryn made a switch to competing Buddy in USEF competitions in the hunter divisions. Throughout high school, once Buddy was retired and became her mother's pleasure horse, she trained with Olympian Carol Thompson, deceased wife of TB trainer Willard J. Thompson. Her imported DWB showhunter Jade and Kathryn competed throughout the entire east coast on the AA USEF circuit collecting many ribbons and titles. During college Kathryn trained with grand prix rider and Carol Thompson protege, Callan Solem, before moving full-time with her horse to Vermont and training for the remainder of her college years with successful internationally-known trainer, Missy Clark and Northrun Farm. Kathryn and Jade, as well as Bon Vivant, purchased from Laura and Frank Chapot, competed and placed consistently in the top rankings in both hunters and jumpers at the HITS shows, WEF, Lake Placid, The Hampton Classic, Vermont Manchester Summer Festival, The National Horse Show, and many others. Kathryn and Bon Vivant qualified for and placed in multiple NAL and Marshall and Sterling Jumper Finals. Kathryn also spent a year living abroad in Melbourne, Australia where she went to school, worked and rode with Olympian showjumpers Russell and Melanie Johnston. Kathryn went to veterinary school in Guelph, Ontario. For her first year in Canada she trained and competed internationally with Erynn Ballard. For the remainder or her time in Canada she trained and competed her horses, Bon Vivant and Leandro, sucessfully at the highest levels of competition, with Olympian showjumper and mentor, Beth Underhill. Following her internship, Kathryn boarded and trained with Sally McKechnie Lofting, Australian 4 star eventer. While living near and working at Fair Hill Training Center Dr. Papp began exercising thoroughbred racehorses in the early am. She adopted her first OTTB, Calcutta Clipper, from a client at Fair Hill. Once leaving Fair Hill, Kathryn continued to exercise thoroughbreds on racetracks where she practiced, such as Delaware Park, Parx Racing and Penn National Racetrack. Finally settling her veterinary practice outside of Grantville, PA, where Penn National racetrack is located, Kathryn married a third generation TB trainer, Monti N. Sims and developed an equine rescue focusing on OTTBs with her long-time friend and office manager, Amanda. She currently rides and works on many of the racehorses both on and off the racetrack so she is familiar with their personalities and infirmities prior to the retraining process transitioning them to their new riding careers. Her and Monti cross-train many of the racing trainees and those TBs are ahead of the curve already knowing the basics of good equitation and balanced gaits by the time they are retired from racing. Dr. Papp is mainly based in Harrisburg, PA where she lives with her Husband Monti Neal Sims, a long time Trainer at Penn National, where generations of his family have also trained. His charm won over Dr. Papp in 2013, when she agreed to marry him (after asking ALL her animal's permission, we can assume). Neal is an avid horseman, animal lover, and accepts the fact that their bed will always have numerous pets squeezing in the middle at night.

     2. *Instructor: Monti N. Sims

         *Facility Participation:

         PARR Home Farm

Is the instructor certified by an organization that provides training in the programs, activities and/or services conducted by the organization? No

Please use the space below to share any additional information about this instructor. Monti Neal Sims is our Co-Founder's husband and also a 3rd generation horseman. His grandfather and father were both steeplechase jockeys as well as racehorse trainers. His father, also Monti, spent most of his career after training, managing large well-known breeding and training operations such as Spendthrift in Kentucky. Monti Neal Sims spent his entire childhood in Maryland on horse farms and on horseback; riding and galloping every day before school, as well as completing all barn chores and horse-related activities during any spare time. He learned from and worked under his father and grandfather to eventually become a thoroughbred horse trainer, after a short-lived steeplechase jockey career (he grew too tall!). Under mostly his father's watchful and discriminating eye, Monti helped train an extremely famous and successful small TB filly named, The Very One. He spent many years as general manager of Pottinger farm and then another 8 years pin-hooking and buying/selling/advising at prominent TB sales, along with breaking and training young thoroughbreds. He returned to active racehorse training in 2012, met his wife soon after and quickly began helping to ride and train, not only the on-track horses, but showjumpers, Warmbloods and OTTBs as well. He now is a permanent fixture at the PARR farm and has at least at one time ridden or worked with almost every horse that has ever come through our program. He is also our "go to" trainer for difficult or quirky horses.