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Small Miracles Therapeutic Equestrian Center, Inc.

GUARDIAN PROFILE - Last Updated: 06/07/2018



Chief Staff Officer:  Sherri Russell, Executive/Program Director

Employees:   Full-Time:  2  Part-Time:  6  Volunteers:  100

Does your organization utilize a management company for management and administration? No

Describe your training process for employees and volunteers and the types of human resource documents used in your organization including job descriptions, evaluations, etc. All Small Miracles volunteers- who must be at least 14 years of age- and staff- who must be at least 18 years of age- go through Volunteer Training. Volunteer Training consists of volunteer job descriptions, volunteer policies, guidelines for working with horses, emergency plans & procedures and a brief history of our organization. Volunteers receive instruction verbally, experientially and in written form. Each is given a copy of our Volunteer Handbook. Volunteer Registration, Liability Release, Emergency Medical Information, Photo Release and Random Drug Screening and Background Check forms must be signed and witnessed by a Small Miracles representative and filed for each volunteer. All staff receives continued education, including but not limited to updated CPR/First aid certification, PATH, Intl. standards, Natural Horsemanship skills and equine medical care. Staff positions are defined by detailed job descriptions and the Executive Director performs annual evaluations. Most of our staff are veteran horse owners, and all staff is capable and willing to assist whenever necessary with equine care.

Governing Body:

Board meetings per year:  14

Number of Board Members:  17  Number of Voting Board Members:  15

Board Compensation:

Is Board Chair compensated?  No  Is Treasurer compensated?  No

Are there any other Voting Board Members that are compensated?  No

Board Relationships:

Are any members of the Board or Staff related to each other through family or business relationships? No

Board Affiliations:

Are any Board members or Staff associated with and/or compensated by another organization with a relationship or business affiliation to your organization? No

Conflict of Interest:

Does your organization have a written conflict of interest policy and regularly and consistently monitor and enforce compliance with the policy, including requiring officers, directors or trustees, and key employees to disclose annually interests that could give rise to conflicts?  Yes

Additional Comments:
Financial documents are available via Guidestar.


1. What percent of your total programs and services are horse-related? 100

2. Describe your specific horse-related programs services or activities:
     Small Miracles enhances the life skills and personal growth and development of persons with special needs and disabilities through three evidence-based equine-assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) programs: Therapeutic Horsemanship serves those with disabilities such as, but not limited to, autism, cerebral palsy, Charge Syndrome, A-T and Down Syndrome. These students receive physical strength and sensory integration through the movement, feel, scent and sound of the horse. Positive Youth Development (PYD) provides prosocial, leadership and work/college-readiness skills, as well as helps children and youth at-risk discover hope and resilience through strength-based equine-assisted experiential learning activities. Horses Empower Heroes (HEH) helps veterans navigate post-military life, including PTSD, TBI, substance abuse disorder and military sexual trauma. Under the umbrella of Therapeutic Horsemanship are two additional programs meeting specific needs: HOPE (Horses Opening Pathways to Engagement) Connection for students with Autism, Asperger's Syndrome, Sensory Processing Disorder and/or Pervasive Development Disorder; and Friends- designed to assist our older adolescent/young adult students with their transition into adulthood by developing pro-social and work-readiness skills. Therapeutic Horsemanship lessons include both mounted and unmounted activities based upon the need of the student. All PYD and HEH activities are unmounted.

3. Enter the total number of facilities/locations where the horses used in the conduct of your horse-related programs are housed and cared for: 1

4. Describe your non-horse-related programs, services or activities you provide, including those involving other animals. N/A

5. Does your organization operate programs involved with animals other than horses?  No


1. Describe your equine management philosophies, practices, policies and operations with respect to the use of the horses in your program, including the rehabilitation and retraining (if applicable), ongoing training, schooling and exercising plan for each horse and your policy as to the number and condition of the horses accepted by your organization. 
     As a member of PATH, Intl., Small Miracles adheres to all PATH standards and guidelines. We maintain strict equine policies that cover healthcare, routine maintenance, program retirement and, if ever necessary, a euthanasia policy. Every horse receives an individualized vet-recommended feed and supplemental diet, regular veterinarian and farrier visits, a de-worming program based upon quarterly fecal counts, all vaccinations, and high quality hay and Purina feeds. Our horses are handled according to Natural Horsemanship philosophies. The staff understands and teaches to all of our volunteers and students, that horses are sentient beings with thoughts, feelings and emotions. Small Miracles has a wonderful reputation in our community, including the care our horses receive. We are told often that we keep the cleanest barn and pastures that anyone has seen.
Our horses are schooled to maintain healthy weight, flexibility and a positive mental and emotional attitude by well-trained riders adhering to weight limits set per horse. Smaller horses/ponies are lounged. Equine carrot stretches and massage through t-touches are also utilized. Small Miracles’ wonderful group of young equine volunteers exercise our horses via groundwork, such as joining up exercises inside our arenas.
We currently have twelve horses on staff; our property can accommodate from 15 - 20, depending upon any dietary requirements and herd order. Most of our horses are in their second or third careers, and some have come from traumatic backgrounds. Even though the mission of Small Miracles is not based upon equine rescue, we are grateful to have within our herd horses that meet our students' needs, while being given another chance at a happy, healthy and productive life. Our veterinarian is extremely generous by providing services at greatly reduced fees on a regular basis, as well as providing rehabilitation services necessary for any new program horse.
Small Miracles' herd has a low turnover rate not only due to the tremendous amount of care they receive, but also due to our staffs' knowledge and experience of how to choose an appropriate program horse. We understand that the contentment and health of our herd is not only important to the horses themselves, but also to our students who see our horses as a part of their family.
Our Equine & Barn Manager, J.R. Russell, is a very important member of our staff. Not only does J.R. personally participate or oversee all horse care, but he trains every equine volunteer to feed and care for our horses according to protocol. Most staff members are also veteran horse owners and we maintain a highly trained group of equine volunteers, so our horses have plenty of oversight.

2. Describe how your horses are acquired (adoption, seizure, surrender, donation, purchase, auction sale, retirement). 
     Most of our horses are acquired through private-owner leases and will be returned to their owner at time of retirement. Our veterinarian and farrier, who are both well acquainted with the needs of our student base, have also served as wonderful references for new herd members. The Equine Studies Program formerly at Virginia Intermont College also donated horses retired from their competitive careers. On rare occasions new horses have been purchased in order to meet specific student needs, but all of our current herd have been donated. No horse has been nor ever will be sold at auction. Each horse is uniquely and lovingly cared for on our property until a forever home can be found. Since our founding in 1995, every retired horse has been successfully placed into an approved home.

3. Describe under what circumstances horses leave your organization. Please describe in detail your horse adoption/fostering practices and procedures including any recruitment initiatives you have to attract potential adopters. Please include your policies and practices with respect to horses that are no longer useful or manageable and horses that need to be retired. 
     Our horses remain in our program until a change in their physical or mental health (i.e. onset of hereditary moon blindness, nipping) tells us that it is time for retirement. Most of our herd has been with us for seven or more years with no signs of mental burnout. We do understand, however, that therapeutic activities are not an easy job for a horse. Having multiple handlers and unbalanced riders throughout the week can be stressful. For these reasons, we keep our horses on a regimented feeding protocol multiple times throughout the day, a schooling program with skilled riders, a complete two week break between our eight-week lesson schedule and plenty of turnout with their herd mates.
Many of our horses come from homes whose previous owners request first right of refusal. However for our horses without the option of returning home, we have local networking sources to look for loving forever homes- the auction is not an option. The potential owner must agree to a site visit to ensure that proper care will be taken of our horse. Small Miracles is committed to matching our horses' personalities and physical attributes with their new human partner. Our retired horses are kept on our property and cared for as carefully as if they were still active within our program.

4. For new horses, describe your initial assessment process for each horse (i.e. physical examination, test ride, health record, Coggins test, quarantine, veterinary consult, etc.). 
     Initial horse assessments usually take place over the phone, following our Horse Phone Evaluation questionnaire. When an additional horse is necessary to meet student needs, current horse evaluations are reviewed to see which may meet those needs. Veterinary references are checked, including health and Coggins records. An on-site evaluation is then scheduled. If the horse's temperament seems like a match for our program, a staff member test rides the horse. Only mares or gelded horses with current Coggins and vaccinations are allowed onto our property. New horses spend the first three to four days being moved to and from a clean roomy stall to monitor proper digestion and alone pasture time while future pasture mates are stalled during lessons. The horse is then introduced to herd mates behind stall doors or fences before being placed into one of four pastures, depending upon temperament or dietary needs.The potential program horse is assessed during a trial period of 30 days, with the understanding that the horse will be returned to its current owner if the horse is deemed unsuitable or unhappy in its new environment. During this time, we observe herd dynamics and begin the process of desensitizing the horse to our various lesson props. When ready, the horse is put into mock lessons with experienced horse handlers. All horse training is done according to Natural Horsemanship practices, and of course, following all PATH, Intl. protocol.

5. Describe your overall horse health care plan and how you assess and monitor the health of your horses on an ongoing basis. Include a description of your vaccination and worming schedule. Include a description of your health/veterinary care plan for at-risk animals, geriatric horses and horses with serious issues. 
     Our horses receive bi-annual check-ups, vaccinations and any necessary equine dentistry, plus any emergency services. Our de-worming program is based upon quarterly fecal counts and per vet recommendation. We utilize a highly qualified and reputable vet and farrier. All special medicinal, dietary or supplementary recommendations are followed precisely. At-risk horses are not placed onto our property. In the event of any Small Miracles' horse becoming sick, they are brought into an individualized stall and checked by the veterinarian before being released back into the herd. Our older horses are given finely chopped hay. Their grain, beet pulp and timothy/ alfalfa cubes are all soaked for palatability and digestibility.

6. What is the euthanasia policy? Please include specifically under what circumstances your organization will euthanize a horse and whether your organization will euthanize a healthy but difficult horse for space: 
     If a horse has become gravely injured or ill, and only upon a veterinarian recommendation, the horse will be euthanized through veterinarian-administered injection. Small Miracles will never euthanize a healthy horse under any circumstances.

7. What is the breeding policy? Please include specifically if horses become pregnant while in your care, and if there is a no-breeding clause in the documentation your organization uses to adopt, donate, sell, etc. a horse: 
     Small Miracles does not breed any of our horses. Only gelded horses are allowed onto our property with our mares.

8. Does your organization provide horses to any facility to use in research or medical training? 

9. If your answer to Question 8 is 'Yes', please explain where and for what purpose horses are provided to use in research or medical training?  NA

10. Does your organization sell, donate or give a horse to an auction? 

11. If your answer to Question 10 is 'Yes', describe under the circumstances where you have sold, donated, or given a horse to an auction, or where you would sell, donate, or give a horse to an auction. NA

12. Does your organization place horses in foster care? 

13. If your answer to Question 12 is 'Yes', describe how foster homes are selected, screened, and monitored and address all the questions below for each foster home in the space provided: NA

14. What is the average equine adoption fee/donation received by your organization: Not applicable; None received

15. Adoption Fee Policies
  Not applicable.

16. What is your position regarding varying adoption fees vs. one set fee:
  Our organization has never considered this concept.

17. Provide any additional explanation to your answers if needed: The only equine adoption that transpires at Small Miracles is on the occasion when a horse becomes ready to retire from our services and the former owner relinquishes the horse to another home. After a new appropriate and loving Forever Home has been found, the horse may be adopted for no fee. Small Miracles has become the Forever Home for several of our horses, although we must bear the grief of the final "good byes."


This section must be completed for each facility/location where the horses used in the conduct of your horse-related programs are housed and cared for. For example, if the applicant is involved with horse rescue and utilizes foster care facilities, the applicant must complete this section for each foster care facility. If the applicant provides equine assisted activities/services to the public at more than one location, the applicant must complete this section for each location that horse-related services are provided. If your organization uses the facility of another organization, please enlist the aid of that organization in answering the questions.

Total facilities at which our organization operates horse-related programs: 1


Location 1 of 1
Small MiraclesTherapeutic Equestrian Center, Inc.

1026 Rock Springs Drive Kingsport TN 37664

1. Facility General Questions

1. Name of Contact: Sherri Russell, Executive/Program Director

2. Contact's Phone: 423-349-1111

3. Contact's Email: sherrism13@gmail.com

4. Does your organization own, lease or use a part of this facility? Own

5-8. Not Applicable.

9. Does your organization operate programs involving horses AT THIS FACILITY that serve individuals with special needs, including but not limited to equine assisted activities and therapies? Yes

10. Enter the total number of instructors/trainers (full-time and part-time) involved with your organization's horse-related programs at this facility: 3.

2. Facility Horse-Related Questions

1. Enter the total acreage dedicated specifically to the horses: 9

2. Describe the number and type of pastures and paddocks, fencing, enclosures, stabling including barns and run-in sheds. Small Miracles' facility rests on eleven gently sloped acres. The pastures are subdivided into a main pasture for larger horses, a dry lot for ponies, a smaller pasture for two more full-size horses, and a Mini-Miracles Corral sized for miniature equine. All pastures have a three-sided run-in shed with a heated water supply and electric fans; the run-in sheds are cleaned daily. Automatic water troughs are in all pastures. Wood fencing surrounds the entire property and every pasture. The top wooden rail in the horse pastures is topped with an electric fence. The facility includes a heated indoor riding arena (up to 45 degrees). All arena and barn aisle sand is treated with Arena RX. A wide barn aisle way with three exits separates the stalls from the indoor arena. Each stall is cleaned multiple times throughout the day, has a fan, heated water buckets, front and back entrances, windows, and rubber mats with thick shavings.

3. Describe how you manage the use of your pastures/paddocks given the size and number of your pastures/paddocks and the number of horses you have at this facility.
     Small Miracles' meticulous pasture management procedures ensure the quality of our pastures. Manure is removed and composted in a designated area away from the horses. The pastures are bush hogged, harrowed and fertilized via manure spreader with our composted manure. Our manure is also given to local farmers and garden clubs, which is a win-win situation. Our horses stay off of the pasture during lesson times, allowing the grass to grow; the main pasture is divided to allow for rotation. Horses, while in the pastures, are offered hay year-round. The amount of hay offered is based upon the horses' refusal due to sufficient pasture growth.

4. How many hours of daily turnout do the horses get? (Estimate or Average) 16

5. Describe the area where your training, riding and equine related activities are conducted, including what type of footing/surface is utilized and what factors were considered to determine the suitability and condition of the area for the activities conducted.
     Both the large indoor and outdoor riding arenas are filled with 3- 5- inch sand that is dragged weekly and hand-raked in between lessons daily. The indoor arena is well ventilated with three entrances, including a very large industrial size sliding back door, and a strong ventilation system in the roof. The indoor arena and barn aisle are treated with Arena RX in order to control dust and pollutants. The outdoor riding arena is partially covered providing comfortable equine activities during moderate weather.

6. Is the facility in compliance with the Care Guidelines for Rescue and Retirement Facilities prepared by the American Association of Equine Practitioners (whether or not your organization is directly involved with rescue and retirement)? Yes

7. If no, please explain and specifically describe the areas in which the facility is not compliant. Not Applicable

8. If this facility is recognized as compliant with the published standards of another applicable organization, and/or accredited by another applicable organization, including any state licensure or registration process, please provide the details.
     Small Miracles adheres to PATH, Intl. standards and suggested guidelines.

9. Describe the availability/accessibility of emergency horse transportation at this facility.
     Small Miracles owns its own trailer and routinely maintained SUV with trailer hitch. Our veterinary clinic is located less than 20 miles away.

10. Do the horses have specific tack assignments? Yes

11. Describe the plan, process and/or procedures to insure appropriate assessment of tack and the use for saddle fittings, tack, blankets, etc.
     Saddle fittings and tack assessments are performed at least 5 times a year, prior to each 8-week lesson session. Therapeutic saddle pads are utilized to help ensure the health and comfort of our horses. All tack is checked and cleaned twice a week.

12. Describe the system used by your organization to help staff and volunteers readily identify each horse on the property.
     Every staff member and volunteer is introduced to all of our horses. Every horse's stall, grooming bucket and feed bucket has both the name and a color picture of that horse. Every stall is labeled with the correct pasture placement of that horse, including any other pertinent information. Each horse halter has a name tag. All horses have multiple pictures on file in order to identify them in case of theft.

13. Describe your housing plan and the turnout process/plan for horses normally stall bound.
     Small Miracles understands that horses are herd animals and need the ability to move at will. When not in lessons, the horses are returned to their pasture, unless extreme weather deems otherwise. Our facility rests on eleven gently sloped acres. The pastures are subdivided into a main pasture for larger horses, a dry lot for equine needing grass restrictions, a smaller pasture for two additional full-size horses, and a Mini-Miracles Corral sized for miniature equine. All pastures have a three-sided run-in shed that is cleaned daily. Each shed is equipped with a heated water supply and electric fans. Each stall is cleaned multiple times throughout the day and has a fan, heated water bucket, front and back entrances, windows, and rubber mats with thick shavings. In addition, to help ensure healthy air quality for humans and horses alike, all indoor arena and barn aisle sand is replaced as needed and routinely treated with Arena RX to limit airborne dust and pollutants.

14. Describe your feed, feed management plan and your guidelines for the use of supplements.
     Small Miracles' horses are fed square-baled, high-quality hay throughout the day to maintain healthy digestion. Each horse has an individualized Purina grain and supplement plan recommended by our veterinarian. A detailed feeding chart is posted in the feed room. Senior horses with special dental requirements receive soaked timothy/alfalfa cubes, beet pulp and grain, along with finely chopped hay. We have excellent local resources for hay and often benefit from discounts and donations.

15. How do you use the Henneke Body Conditioning Score to guide you in your hennekeing/exercising/use practices for each horse?
     Henneke Body Conditioning Score charts are placed throughout our facility. Every horse is kept between the 4 - 5 scale, based upon age, special dietary concerns and the differences between breeds. Our farrier and veterinarian also continually evaluate our horses based upon this scale.

16. Please describe your activities to limit or control the advent and spread of disease within your facility (Biosecurity plan). This should include but is not limited to your manure management and disposal procedures, your carcass disposal plan and your parasite control plan. Please indicate the role of your veterinarian in the development and implementation of your overall plan.
     Every stall and run-in shed is picked clean daily; manure is stored separately and away from horses in a compost bin. De-worming is prescribed according to quarterly fecal counts. Equi-Spot and preventative fly sprays are utilized to help control flying pests. Water troughs are emptied, cleaned and refilled weekly or more when necessary, not only for general cleanliness, but also to cut down on insect populations. In the event of area-wide infectious equine outbreaks, universal precautions are taken. Everyone entering the premises must wash their hands and spray down their shoes. All persons with outside contact of other horses are told to wash their hands and change their clothes and shoes before entering our property. No new horses are allowed onto our property, and none of our horses are allowed off of the property, except in the event of an extreme emergency. In the event that one of our horses passes away while on our property, the horse will be buried on the premises outside of pasture areas. Any dead animal carcasses (i.e.: opossums) that may be present on our property are promptly removed from any area in which horses may have contact and are disposed of according to Waste Management. Our veterinary clinic is very involved in our program. Phil Elsea, D.V.M. has been a member of Small Miracles' advisory board of directors since our inception. Dr. Elsea and the other veterinarians at Mountain Empire Large Animal Hospital make every effort to find solutions for any of our equine questions or emergencies.

17. Please describe your emergency preparedness plans that address weather related issues, fire safety procedures and/or any additional hazardous scenarios your facility could potentially experience.
     Emergency procedures and protocol are in place and reviewed with staff yearly. These emergency plans include fire, tornadoes, floods, storms, disease precautions and hazardous materials. The safe removal and return of equine to their designated pastures is included. Emergency procedures are also included in volunteer training. All staff in annually certified in CPR and first aid. Every area inside the facility and barn, including stalls, has two or more exits. Phones and fire extinguishers are placed throughout the facility. Instructors keep a cell phone with them at all times. We have a fire station located one and one-half mile from our facility. In the rare event of severe weather making driving inadvisable, staff will reside at our facility to ensure the horses are provided for. (Our facility includes heated indoor offices, large classroom, bathroom facilities, kitchenette and hot water.)

18. Please describe the security in place at the facility or facilities to restrict public access and to keep horses safe. Do you have a security system and/or on-premises caretaker?
     Small Miracles' facility is equipped with an alarm system monitored by Fleenor Security 24-hours/7 days a week. This system includes illegal entry and fire alerts connected directly to Fleenor, as well as loud alarms. We have excellent relationships with neighbors on adjoining property who assist in monitoring our horses. During the weekend teams of trained equine volunteers both feed and monitor the health of our horses. Staff and veterinary care is available 24/7, if any emergencies require immediate attention.

19. Provide the contact information for the individual or organization responsible for investigating abuse in the county where the facility is located, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Sullivan County Humane Society, 2141 Idle Hour Road, Kingsport, TN 37660 www.sullivancountyhumanesociety.com 423-247-1671

20. Other than the animal control authority noted above, provide the contact information for all local, state and/or national authorities with whom your organization engages to address issues impacting horse welfare, including mailing address, email address, and phone information.
     Local contact: Horse Haven of Tennessee 2417 Reagan Rd., Knoxville, TN 37931 Phone: (865) 609-4030 Website: www.horsehaventn.org Email: horsehavenoftn.gmail.com National Advocacy contact: PATH, Intl. P.O. Box 33150 Denver, CO 80233 https://www.pathintl.org/quick-links/contact-us 800-369-7433 or 303-452-1212

Veterinarian Information

View The Vet Checklist conducted on 04/11/2018

Veterinarian: Phil Elsea, DVM

Clinic Name: Mountain Empire Large Animal Clinic    Street: 4340 N. Roan Street    City: Johnson City  State: TN    Zip: 37615

Phone: 423-282-6194    Email: pwelsea7@gmail.com

Instructors assigned to this Facility
(see Instructor Section)

     1. Instructor: Deborah Ferraro

     2. Instructor: Natalie Swanner

     3. Instructor: Sherri Russell

3. Facility Horse-Related Inventory Questions

1-a. Enter the total number of horses involved with your organization's programs that are currently housed at this facility: 12.

1-b. Enter the total number of horses housed at this facility: 12

1-c. Enter the maximum capacity of horses at this facility: 15

2017 Horse Inventory

1-d. Did your organization operate programs involving horses HOUSED AT THIS FACILITY during January 1-December 31, 2017? Please select Yes or No. Yes

12 2-a. Total number of horses housed at this facility involved with your programs on January 1, 2017.

           + 2 2-b. Total number of intakes other than returns including donated, purchased, surrendered or rescued.

           +  2-c. Total number of horses returned.

14 = Total of 2a-2c

           -  2-d. Total number of horses adopted during the year.

           -  2-e. Total number of horses transferred to another facility during the year.

           - 1 2-f. Total number of horses deceased during the year.

1 = Total of 2d-2f

13 2-g. Total number of horses housed at this facility involved with your programs on December 31, 2017.

            13 2-h. Total number of horses not retired including horses undergoing rehabilitation and/or retraining.

            0 2-i. Total number of horses permanently retired.

2017 Horse Care Costs

$     Feed (Grain/Hay).

$     Bedding.

$     Veterinarian.

$     Farrier.

$     Dentist.

$     Manure Removal.

$     Medications & Supplements.

$     Horse/Barn Supplies.

$     Horse Care Staff.

$     Horse Training.

$     Other direct horse-related costs not including overhead or other program costs.

$78337     2017 Total Horse Care Costs

$79007     2017 Total Donated Horse Care Costs

4694     Grand total of the total number of days each equine was in the care of this facility during 2017.

Average cost per day per horse: $17
Question 3 ($78,337 ) divided by Question 4 (4694).

Average length of stay for an equine: 335 days
Question 4 (4694) divided by total of Questions 2a-c (14).

4. Self Assessment

I. Facility & Grounds


6. Public-Related Questions
(required if programs serve individuals with special needs)

1. How many clients participate in the programs at this facility? 350

2. How many hours per week do you operate the horse-related programs at this facility? 30

3. How many weeks per year do you operate the horse-related programs at this facility? 40

4. What is the average wait list time? 3 Years(Weeks/Months/Years)

5. How many hours per day does each horse work? (Estimate or Average)

    Mounted: 2.00  Un-Mounted: 2.00  Total: 4

6. How many days per week does each horse work? (Estimate or Average) 5

7. What percent of your programs and services at this facility are mounted (vs. ground-based)? 30%

8. Provide any additional explanation to your answers if needed. The average waiting list time for new students varies upon the time and day being requested, as well as to the type of instruction needed (i.e. individualized lesson plan or group, mounted or unmounted lessons, etc.)

V. Instructors/Trainers

     1. *Instructor: Deborah Ferraro

         *Facility Participation:

         Small MiraclesTherapeutic Equestrian Center, Inc.

Is the instructor certified by an organization that provides training in the programs, activities and/or services conducted by the organization? Yes

Certification 1:

Provide the name of the certifying organization.PATH, Intl

Enter the year that the certification was awarded. (yyyy)2007

Is the instructor's certification considered 'active' by the certifying organization? Yes

Briefly describe the nature/level of the certification.Deborah Ferraro is a Registered Certified Therapeutic Riding Instructor and a Certified Equine Specialist in Mental Health & Learning with PATH, International.

Please use the space below to share any additional information about this instructor. Deborah is retired from Eastman Chemical Company.She has earned her B.S. degrees in Animal Science and Chemistry and a Masters Degree in Education. Deborah utilized her Animal Science and Chemistry Degree to help develop nutritional equine feed early in her career. Also a seasoned equestrian, Deborah was a member of the University of Tennessee Riding Team.

     2. *Instructor: Natalie Swanner

         *Facility Participation:

         Small MiraclesTherapeutic Equestrian Center, Inc.

Is the instructor certified by an organization that provides training in the programs, activities and/or services conducted by the organization? Yes

Certification 1:

Provide the name of the certifying organization.PATH, Intl.

Enter the year that the certification was awarded. (yyyy)2009

Is the instructor's certification considered 'active' by the certifying organization? Yes

Briefly describe the nature/level of the certification.Registered PATH, Intl. Certified Instructor

     3. *Instructor: Sherri Russell

         *Facility Participation:

         Small MiraclesTherapeutic Equestrian Center, Inc.

Is the instructor certified by an organization that provides training in the programs, activities and/or services conducted by the organization? Yes

Certification 1:

Provide the name of the certifying organization.PATH, Intl

Enter the year that the certification was awarded. (yyyy)2008

Is the instructor's certification considered 'active' by the certifying organization? Yes

Briefly describe the nature/level of the certification.Sherri has earned four registered PATH Certifications: Therapeutic Riding Instructor, Mentor,Equine Specialist in Mental Health & Learning and Equine Services for Heroes.

Please use the space below to share any additional information about this instructor. Sherri Russell is Small Miracles’ Executive/Program Director. Sherri also continues to directly serve our students through the utilization of four separate Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship (PATH), Intl. certifications: Registered Certified Therapeutic Riding Instructor, Certified Mentor, Certified Equine Specialist in Mental Health & Learning and Equine Services for Heroes. Sherri has worked for many years in the non-profit sector as a steering committee member and counselor with high-risk teens and in Equine-Assisted Activities & Therapies programs. She also has a beloved sister with Down syndrome, which gives Sherri a personal perspective on the care and advocacy needed for families with a member who has a special need. Her membership with the American Quarter Horse Association also provides many lesson ideas, such as utilizing AQHA riding patterns. Sherri incorporates her multiple talents into every program, creating an exciting adventure for all of our students.